Unicef stands for the United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (International of emergency of the United Nations Fund for children), denomination which was used until 1953.
The Universal encyclopedia 2012 gives its definition: “UN agency created in 1946 to help children from underdeveloped countries. In 1965 was awarded the prize Nobel Peace Prize.” And adds the following concept: “[…] Special program of the United Nations that aims to collaborate in the efforts of the countries aimed at improving the health, nutrition, education and general well-being of children. Its original purpose was to help children in countries devastated by the second world war. After 1950 he turned to general programmes for the improvement of the well-being of children. […] UNICEF has focused its activities on areas where relatively small expenses can have a significant impact on the lives of the most disadvantaged children, such as the prevention and treatment of diseases. UNICEF is also providing funding for health services, educational facilities and other welfare services. Its headquarters are in New York City.” Read more on this English website.
It is the only body of the United Nations (UN – a) that is dedicated exclusively to the needs of the children of the world. Its mission is to work for them according to the needs that have, to defend their rights, without discrimination of race, creed, nationality, status or political belief. His work is based on the Convention on the rights of the child, that this organization aims to become an international standard of the rights of the child. For this, it focuses its activities on:
Education for children so that everyone remain in school and receive a quality education; to ensure an integrated early childhood development so that they have a better start in life; Strive to avoid more predictable deaths; also against HIV/AIDS and to know how to prevent it; and the protection of children against violence, exploitation, abuse and discrimination.
In 1953 he became permanent within the system of the UN body. The Organization, which until then was known as international the United Nations Fund for children, changed its name to United Nations Fund for children, but maintained its Unicef acronym because it is already identified him with it.
It works together with similar organizations of the United Nations, and Government institutions, non-governmental organizations and communities to provide services of primary health care, basic education and provision of water and sanitation in more than 140 developing countries.
UNICEF; in English the current denomination: United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) in Spanish: United Nations Fund for children.
“After powerful Typhoon that hit the Pacific, Unicef was one of the organizations who provided first aid to affected children.” Refers in this case to the support given to children after a disaster.
“Is conducting a literacy plan involving the authorities of the nation and Unicef”. This example used with the sense of its work in education and culture, together with national agencies.
“Unicef has strongly condemned child labour in the South American nation and is calling for measures of background for this scourge.” Here applies to the defence of the rights of children and their exploitation by adults.