Pregnancy should always be accompanied by healthcare professionals. There are tests that must be done and still vitamins and other medicines that must be taken.
A well-attended pregnancy can avoid some problems.
Throughout the ages maternal health has improved and accompanied the evolution of medicine. There may be changes in terms of testing, vaccination and supplementation from one pregnancy to another.
One such change is iodine. Iodine supplementation in pregnancy is important to avoid abortion or fetal developmental problems. Supplementation should be done as soon as possible.
Iodine in Pregnancy
Iodine is an essential element in the synthesis of thyroid hormones, hormones responsible for the development of the central nervous system of the fetus and the child’s psychomotor development. The fetus only begins to develop these hormones from the 20th week of gestation. It is important that the mother take iodine to help in the development of the baby.
During pregnancy it is recommended to take 200 to 250 mg of iodine per day. Usually women’s daily diet reaches these values, however, WHO recommends taking iodine to all women who are trying to get pregnant.
Iodine should be prescribed by your doctor, it should be part of the preconventional period such as folic acid and iron . Some doctors also recommend taking iodine throughout the pregnancy and breastfeeding period.
What Does Iodine Deficiency Mean in Pregnancy
Recent studies have shown that Iodine deficiency can be associated with spontaneous abortion, stillbirth, congenital malformation, and preterm delivery.
Foods rich in iodine such as:
In addition to the supplementation of iodine through tablets the pregnant woman should include foods rich in this element in her daily diet.
- Salt, especially iodine
- Shellfish and crustaceans
- Saltwater Fish
- Dairy products such as milk, butter and cheese
- Spices like cinnamon and black and white pepper
The use of iodine in the form of tablets should always be prescribed by your doctor.