Tsarist Bulgaria

Bulgaria History

Prehistory and early history of Bulgaria Bulgaria was already settled in the Paleolithic. In the west of today’s state, cave paintings have been found that are around 1.5 million years old. Like everywhere else, the hunters and gatherers in this part of the world became settled farmers. Different cultures developed with typical forms of pottery […]

Croatian farmers

Croatia Wildlife and Economy

Animals and Plants The coast of Croatia In the places protected from the gusts of the Bora wind, the flora of the Mediterranean flourishes with olive and lemon trees and vines. Two types of scented plants are also common, namely lavender, which grows mainly on the island of Hvar, and the yellow-flowering gorse. This grows […]

Typical Croatia

Croatia Recent History

Striving for independence After the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989 and the beginning of the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1990, the aspirations for independence grew stronger. At that time, Yugoslavia consisted of the republics of Slovenia, Croatia, Serbia, Montenegro, Macedonia and Bosnia-Herzegovina. Then there were Kosovo and Vojvodina, two independent provinces […]

Czech Republic Wildlife

Czech Republic Wildlife and Economy

Animals and Plants What is growing in the Czech Republic? About a third of the Czech Republic is covered by forest. Above all beech, spruce, oak, pine and fir trees grow. However, the country’s national tree is the linden. Untouched forest still grows in the Peklo, a valley in northern Bohemia. In particular, you can […]

France Tourism

France Wildlife and Economy

Animals and Plants What is growing in France? Almost all the plant species that you can discover elsewhere in Europe are native to France. In alpine regions you can find undemanding plants like lichens and mosses. Where it is warmer, species that prefer a subtropical climate grow, such as olive trees and oranges. In the […]

France and Germany as friends

France History

The colonization of France and the ancient Romans France was settled as early as the Stone Age. In the famous Lascaux caves we can find drawings by Stone Age people that have been preserved to this day. Like many other European countries, France became part of the Roman Empire. By the way, during this time […]

German Empire

Germany Recent History

German Confederation (1815-1866) Napoleon conquered Central Europe in many wars. That finally brought the end of the Holy Roman Empire of the German nation in 1806. The last emperor, Franz II, laid down the imperial crown. But they freed themselves from Napoleon’s rule in further wars. In 1813 France suffered the decisive defeat in the […]

German vegetables

Germany Food

Eating in Germany What do you eat in Germany? Typical German food! In addition to bread for breakfast and dinner, people in Germany traditionally eat meat, vegetables and potatoes as warm meals. The meat can be a schnitzel or roast, for example. It comes mainly from pork. In the past, potatoes were mainly available as […]

Germany Everyday Life

Germany Everyday Life

Everyday life in Germany How do people live in Germany? In which houses do they live? Where do you shop? How are you traveling? What is your daily routine like? How do you spend your free time? How do the Germans live? You can live very differently. In Germany, 57 percent of people rent. 43 […]

The Cyprus conflict

Greece Recent History

First World War Greece managed to stay out of the First World War quite successfully. Some bases were established by France and Great Britain on Greek soil. From 1941 the country was also partly occupied by Italian and German troops. Active acts of war on the Greek side did not take place until the country’s […]

Northern Ireland conflict

Ireland History

First residents No later than around 8000 BC. People lived in Ireland. They were hunters and gatherers, but also fishermen. From 4000 BC BC the people settled down and now practiced agriculture. Pottery was made. Megalithic structures emerged, for example the barrow of Newgrange, and circular stone settings such as the stone circle of Grange […]

Irish agriculture

Ireland Wildlife and Economy

Animals and Plants What animals live in Ireland? Mammals are few in Ireland. Only 79 species were counted. 33 of them live in the sea and therefore only 46 on land. The red deer is the largest wild mammal in the country and is considered a national animal. There are also squirrels, mice, rabbits, hedgehogs, […]

Italy Wine

Italy Wildlife and Economy

Animals and Plants What is growing in Italy? Italy has very different landscapes from the Alps to Sicily. They therefore also offer a habitat for many different plants and animals. Deciduous trees grow in the lower elevations of the Alps, which then turn into conifers with increasing height. Above the tree line only grasses, lichens […]


United Kingdom History

From the mainland to the island Great Britain wasn’t an island in the past! Admittedly, that was a long time ago. Until about 6000 BC In fact, Great Britain was connected to the mainland by a land bridge. It was only when the climate warmed and the sea level rose after the last ice age […]

Ukraine Recent History

Ukraine Recent History

Territorial development of the Ukrainian SSR In 1939 the Soviet Union occupied the areas of western Ukraine that had previously belonged to Poland and incorporated them into the Ukrainian SSR. This happened within the framework of the Hitler-Stalin Pact. In 1941 large parts of the Ukraine were occupied by the German Reich and appointed Reichskommissariat […]

Ukraine Wildlife

Ukraine Wildlife and Economy

Animals and Plants What is growing in Ukraine? There are swamps, steppes and forests in Ukraine. A total of 16 percent of the country’s area is forested. For example, forest grows in the hill country and also in the Carpathians, the high mountains in the west. There you can still find some of the last […]

Switzerland Animals

Switzerland Animals and Plants

Which plants can be found in Switzerland? Since the climate in Switzerland is very different depending on the region, different plants also grow there. Above all, there are many tree species to be found in Switzerland. A third of Switzerland is covered by forests. Conifers can be found in the higher elevations and deciduous trees […]

Switzerland cheese

Switzerland Food

Eating in Switzerland What do the Swiss like to eat? There is no supra-regional Swiss cuisine, the regions are too different for that. So you will either find something typical regional or something international, which we would also find here. However, the chocolate bar is very typical for Switzerland. All Swiss know this one. What’s […]

Switzerland in World War II

Switzerland History

The early days People lived in the area that is Switzerland today as far back as the Paleolithic Age. Cro-Magnon people lived mainly in what is now the Jura Mountains region. The Cro-Magnon man belongs to Homo sapiens. This is us! It was named after the place where it was found in France, where the […]

Swiss Guard

Switzerland Traditions

What is the Basel Carnival? You surely know Carnival or Mardi Gras or Mardi Gras. Carnival is said in the south-west of Germany and that’s what it is called in Switzerland. However, Carnival in Basel only begins on the Monday after Ash Wednesday. And she always starts with the Morgestraich and that is very early […]

Spain's economy

Spain Economy and History

Economy Spain’s economy From 2007 onwards there was an economic crisis worldwide. Spain suffered from this particularly. Unemployment has been falling since 2014, but is still at a high level. In 2015 it was 22 percent, in 2016 it was 19.6 percent, and in 2017 it was 17.2 percent. The debt is also high. Spain’s […]

Spanish Civil War

Spain Recent History

History of Spain from the 16th century to today The Habsburgs on the Spanish throne The Habsburgs remained on the Spanish throne until 1700. In 1568 an eighty year war began against the Netherlands. In 1648 the Netherlands gained independence. In 1580 Portugal was annexed to Spain after the death of the last Portuguese king. […]

Telephone center in Agadez

Niger Media and Internet

Media landscape The various daily and weekly newspapers that exist in Niger’s diverse media landscape appear only in French. Officially it is said that the Nigerien press is largely free and is hardly subject to any restrictions. Organizations like Reporters sans frontières (RSF) also see a mostly quite positive development in this direction. In their […]

Spain Food

Eating in Spain What do the Spanish eat in the morning, at noon and in the evening? Breakfast in Spain is called Desayuno. But the Spaniards don’t eat much in the morning. And what they eat in the morning is rather sweet: a piece of pastry or a few cookies. In Andalusia, people also like […]

Niger Hotel Masaki

Travel to Niger

Currency: Franc CFA (BCEAO) Exchange rate: 655,957 CFA for € 1 Time zone: UTC Country code (phone): 00227 Climate (for capital): semi-arid Entry and residence regulations On March 13, 2020, President Issoufou declared on the corona pandemic that from March 19, 2020, the country’s borders and airports will be closed for at least 2 weeks; […]

Corn from Romania

Romania Wildlife and Economy

Animals and Plants What is growing in Romania? Almost a third (27 percent) of Romania is covered by forest. In the lower layers oaks dominate the picture, but there are also maple trees, plane trees, willows and linden trees. Beeches grow more and more from a height of 400 meters. There are also elms, ash […]

Saranda - Albania's most popular seaside resort

Places to Visit in Albania

Balkans Hardly any other holiday region is as diverse as the Balkans. In the coastal towns of the former Yugoslavia, you will experience a picture-book atmosphere with crystal clear water, green pine forests and rugged cliffs. The Makarska Riviera with the majestic Biovoko Mountains in Croatia is a breathtaking coastal landscape. In the mountains of […]

Niger Health and Security for foreigners

Niger Health and Security for foreigners

Security for foreigners Since the security situation in Niger can change at very short notice, it is strongly advisable to contact the German embassy in Niamey or to contact the Federal Foreign Office. The report by the US government also provides good indications of the general security situation. After the hostage-taking by Al-Qaida, the local […]

Portugal Wildlife and Economy

Animals and Plants Portugal’s nature Because the Iberian Peninsula is separated from the rest of Europe by the mountains of the Pyrenees, species could develop there that do not exist in the rest of Europe. This applies to both animals and plants. In addition, some species were able to enter from Africa via the Strait […]

Supermarket in Niamey

Niger Housing and Supply

Depending on the organization, outgoing skilled workers are provided with living space by the state of Niger or a house is rented by the sending organization. In some cases, the skilled workers also have to look for living space on their own. The standard of the houses can vary widely but is generally high. Often […]