The World Pyramid 2

The World as a Pyramid Part II

6: Where do the poorest live? The new UN goals look not only at countries as a whole, but also at differences within countries. In one state in India, 80 percent are poor, in another it is not much more than 10 percent. In this country, with an explosive technological development and modern ICT sector, […]

The World Pyramid 1

The World as a Pyramid Part I

In the summer of 2014, there have been a number of UN reports on global poverty and inequality. They say that the first and most famous of the UN’s Millennium Development Goals has already been reached before 2015. The proportion of poor people has been halved since 1990, and heads of state from our part […]

Refugees during the Korean War

Storm over Korea Part IV

7: Lee Myung Bak Lee Myung Bak was born in Osaka, Japan on December 17, 1941, shortly after Japan attacked the US Navy base at Pearl Harbor (Hawaii). When Japan lost the war in 1945, Korea was also lost. According to WEDDINGINFASHION, the country had been a Japanese colony since 1910. Lee Myung Bak’s family […]

Conflict over Korea 2

Storm over Korea Part III

In 1980, Kim Il Sung presented a program to establish the Democratic Confederate Republic of Koryo (Koryo was the name of the dynasty that ruled Korea 935–1392). It was to be an alliance-free state with two different systems and each a different government. In 1991, when both states became members of the UN, they agreed […]

Conflict over Korea 1

Storm over Korea Part II

The sunshine policy came in the shadow of the controversy over North Korea’s missile and nuclear program. Bush never spoke to Sunshine Presidents Kim Dae Jung and Roh Moo Hyun, who both died in 2009, Roh on his own after a corruption scandal. 3: Storm from several edges All two years before, in 2007, the […]

Refugees during the Korean War

Storm over Korea Part I

On March 26, 2010, the naval vessel “Cheonan” suddenly sank near the informal sea border between North and South Korea. 46 South Korean soldiers followed in the depths. South Korean President Lee Myung Bak has set up an international commission of inquiry. It determined that the ship had been sunk by a North Korean torpedo. […]

India Election 2014 2

India Election 2014 Part II

5: An overwhelming victory The victory for BJP and Modi was overwhelming. The BJP won more than half of the seats in parliament, and 31 percent of the votes nationwide. Despite the fact that the party in many constituencies did not stand for election due to the alliance with other parties. In many of the […]

India Election 2014 1

India Election 2014 Part I

In May 2014, there were elections in India, the world’s largest democracy . Of about 834 million eligible voters, 554 million (66 percent) voted for who should sit in parliament and who should become prime minister. There was only one clear prime ministerial candidate: the highly controversial politician Narendra Modi of the Hindu nationalist Bharatiya […]

President Xi Jinping has given Chinese football a kick

China and Football Part I

In the 18th century, China was a great power – measured both by population and cultural and economic weight. Industrialization in Europe and the subsequent colonization contributed to China’s “lost century” between approx. 1850 and approx. 1950. Today, China has a population of 1.35 billion and has enjoyed formidable economic growth since the 1980s. China […]

The 2008 Olympics were a success for China

China and Football Part II

6: Big changes in a short time To speed up football in China, a number of concrete measures have been proposed : establishing 0.5–0.7 football pitches per 10,000 inhabitants, each local community must have at least two football pitches open to all, doubling the number of football referees and establishing amateur leagues in 100 Chinese […]

China - Growth at Any Cost 3

China – Growth at Any Cost? Part III

Fortunately, it may seem that something is about to happen. In the Chinese media, there is great openness about environmental problems in general and environmental scandals that, when acute discharges kill large amounts of fish and other life. Information about 459 cancer villages in China with a large frequency of cancer cases is something that […]

China - Growth at Any Cost 2

China – Growth at Any Cost? Part II

People who live where it is dense with tiny particles have a greater tendency than others to develop COPD, a serious lung disease. Excess mortality has been demonstrated both during periods of particularly strong air pollution and as a result of long-term pollution. Using such results, a larger study (for the World Bank, 2007) concluded […]

China - Growth at Any Cost 1

China – Growth at Any Cost? Part I

The Chinese economy has grown by about 10 percent annually since 1980. The growth has lifted hundreds of millions of Chinese people out of poverty. The downside of the rapid growth is large social and regional differences as well as enormous environmental problems. The problems have become so great that the Chinese have reacted in […]

Central Asia between Bark and Wood 3

Central Asia between Bark and Wood Part III

6: Energy and great power games Central Asia is rich in natural resources – especially large oil and gas deposits in Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan call for foreign interest. The central location near Afghanistan also gives the region great military strategic importance . Both global and regional powers are trying to strengthen their position. At the […]

The Patchwork Quilt Georgia 1

The Patchwork Quilt Georgia Part I

Georgia is both one of the most fragmented and one of the most strategically important countries in the former Soviet Union. In 2003, the so-called Rose Revolution took place, and the country gained new, young leadership. In 2006, an important oil pipeline was completed with Western support, and Georgia has developed an ever closer relationship […]

The Patchwork Quilt Georgia 2

The Patchwork Quilt Georgia Part II

5: The conflict in South Ossetia During 2005 and 2006, the allocations to the Armed Forces increased sharply. In the government, those who wanted a peaceful solution to the conflict were replaced by people who were more positive about the use of military force, including the new Minister of Defense, Irakli Orkuashvili. He has recently […]

Portugal Country and People

Portugal Geography

HUMAN GEOGRAPHY The Portuguese territory has attracted man since the most remote times. Only with the Lusitanians, probably derived from an Iberian group settled in the mountainous areas of Beira and who, coming from NE, invaded the country in the first millennium BC. C., however, there was a first cultural homogenization of the country (not […]

Australian Literature

Australian Literature

Australian literature, term for the literature of Australia from the 19th to the middle of the 20th century. The history of Australian literature is the history of the colonial past, the gradual break away from the model of British literature and adaptation to the realities of the new country. See for the worlds 8 most […]

German Confederation, North German Confederation and Forging an Empire 1

German Confederation, North German Confederation and Forging an Empire (1815–1971) Part I

Legitimacy of the monarchies as a guiding ideology The German Confederation founded by the German Federal Act (June 8th, 1815) was an amalgamation of sovereign princes and free cities. Substantial parts of Prussia (Posen, East and West Prussia) and Austria (especially the Hungarian half of the empire and Italian parts of the empire) were outside […]

South Sudan Overview

South Sudan Overview

South Sudan, officially English Republic of South Sudan, German Republic of South Sudan, state in Northeast Africa, with (2019) 11.1 million residents; The capital is Juba. Country facts Official name: Republic of South Sudan License plate: SSD ISO-3166: SS, SSD (728) Currency: 1 South Sudanese pound = 100 piasters Area: 644 330 km² Population (2019): […]

The Defense NATO

The Defense in a Time of Upheaval

Unlike most other European countries, Norway struggles with both “old” and “new” security challenges. The old ones are about uncertainty about the ownership of the sea areas in the north, so they are territorial. The new ones are about Norwegian dependence on a strong and healthy international society that can be threatened by terrorism, state […]

Challenges after War 2

Challenges after War Part II

One can distinguish between three main factors in the assessment of whether a peace process is successful or not: The most important is the behavior of the political elite in the war-torn country or region in question. First and foremost, the extent to which they actually want and work to promote peace and sustainable development […]