Mall. City in Alameda County, California, United
States. It is a city on an island little of the same name to the side
of Oakland, the Bay of San Francisco. An additional part of the city is
Farm Island Bay, which is adjacent to the Oakland International Airport.
The city has a small town feel with its Victorian homes and
tree-lined neighborhoods. Alameda is a city of charter, rather than a
general city of law, meaning that the city can provide for any form of
government. Alameda became a charter town in 1916, and then adopted a
council-manager government, which it retains to the present.
The island Alameda occupies was originally a peninsula connected
to Oakland. Much of the peninsula was low-lying and marshy, but in the
higher ground, the peninsula and the adjacent part of what is now
downtown Oakland were home to one of the largest coastal oak forests in
the world and the area so both were called encinal, Spanish for
Oakland. Alameda is Spanish for the grove of trees in
the poplar or the tree-lined avenue. This name was chosen
in 1853 by popular vote.
The residents at the time of the arrival of Spanish explorers in the
late 1700s were a local band from the Ohlone tribe. The peninsula became
part of the vast San Antonio Ranch granted to Luis Peralta by the
Spanish king who claimed California. The award was later confirmed by
the New Republic of Mexico upon its independence from Spain.
Early European settlers in the early gold rush into the 1850s
included French lumberjacks supplying lumber to the rapidly expanding
San Francisco and Chipman and Auginbaugh, major landowners who founded
the village of Alameda near the corner of Encinal Avenue and Main Street
in Alameda. The city was founded on June 6, 1853. Originally three small
establishments grew up in the city. "Old Alameda" referred to the
village in Encinal and High, Hibbardsville was at the North Shore Ferry
and Shipping Terminal, and Woodstock was in the Midwest the Pacific
Coast South Railroad ferry piers. and the central Pacific.
Eventually, the Central Pacific Ferry Pier became the "Alameda Mole"
while the Central Pacific itself became the South Pacific. The Alameda
Pier was the site of the first train across the transcontinental
railroad in the San Francisco Bay area. The term was moved to Oakland a
few years later. In 1917, an attraction called Neptune Beach was built
in the area now known as Crab Cove. Often compared to Coney Island, the
park was a major attraction in the 1920s and 1930s. The facilty's
original owners, the Strehlow family, partnered with a local
confectioner to create the unique taste to Neptune Beach.. Although many
do not know it, the snow cone and the popsicle were invented on
The Kewpie doll, hand painted and dressed in unique hand-stitched
dresses, became the original prize for winning games on the beach -
another Neptune Beach invention. The Strehlows owned and operated the
beach on their own, even filling in a section of the bay to add an
additional Olympic-size pool and an exceptional roller coaster that must
have given riders a tremendous view of the bay.. Neputune Beach's two
lush outdoor pools hosted swimming races and exhibitions by famous
swimmers like Johnny Olympian Weismuller, who later starred as the
original Tarzan, and Jack LaLane, who started a chain of clubs. Of the
health. Unfortunately, the park closed down in 1939 Due to the Great
Depression, the completion of the Bay Bridge, people avoiding paying the
price of admission and generally the rise in car culture.
Once the Bay Bridge was complete, the rail lines, which ran right
past the entrance to Neptune Beach on the way to Alameda Mole and the
ferry, the riders lost in droves. People began using their cars to
escape the city and the immediate suburbs like Alameda and to travel
further afield in California.
Alameda lost its resort status as more distant locations became more
attractive to San Francisco's cash-rich tourists. Young people in town
became aware of ways to avoid paying the dime for admission to the park.
Strong swimmers or even waders could sneak in on the bay side, just
swimming around the fence. While some of the Neptune Beach resort homes
still exist and can be seen near Crab Cove, the vast majority of the
structures - the world-famous Dentzel Company's hand-carved carousel,
the ferris wheel, the handy of Roller Coast, and other rides - they were
auctioned off in 1940 for mere pennies on the dollar from their original
Alameda's first newspaper, the Encinal, appeared in the early 1850s
and the editor of the paper was instrumental in the movement to enter
the city. After Encinal, several other papers appeared along geographic
lines, and the daily Argus would eventually rise to prominence.
Around 1900 the daily Argus began to fade into roles of importance
and the East and West times and the star combined to take the lead role
as the Alameda Weather-Star in the 1930s. Under the ownership of the
family of Kofman, the Weather-Star prospered until sale to the Alameda
Newspaper Group (an out-of-town news corporation) in the 1970s.
In response to the lack of a local news source, Alameda realtors John
Crittenden and John McNulty decided to combine their two publishing
efforts in a new East End Voice, Alameda Journal, in 1987. Crittenden
had published a real estate listing from homes to real estate agents,
while McNulty was known for the island newspaper, which focused on local
news, history, humor and advertising. The new publication found the
hometown paper of choice. Sold to the Hills newspaper chain owned by
Chip and Mary Brown.
The Browns, residents of Oakland, had assembled a chain of five East
Bay weeklies and biweeklies: biweekly the Alameda daily, biweekly the
Montclarion (serving Oakland's Montclair district), the Piedmonter
(Piedmont), the voice Berkeley, and the Albany / EL Cerrito newspaper.
In 1997, the Hills newspaper chain was bought by Knight Ridder, at
the time, the second-largest newspaper chain in the US. Following the
buy-in, former employees of Hillsides newspapers recognized the lack of
a local community voice in Alameda, and again formed a new local-based
newspaper, Alameda Sunshine, in 2001. In 2006 Gentleman Ridder announced
his impending sale to McClatchy Corp., a Sacramento-based publishing
McClatchy Corp. has put Against the Coast Times, which under Knight
Ridder's reorganization included all five of the original Hills
newspapers, up for sale. The current owners of the Alameda
Tiempo-Estrella, MediaNews, Inc., based in Colorado, have announced a
strong interest in purchasing the Contra Costa Times chain and the San
Jose Mercury News, consolidating the daily newspaper market of the east
bay, effectively under one owner.
The California State Attorney General, as of June 2006, has been
investigating the sale of previous Knight Ridder properties to MediaNews
in the event of a potential breach of competition laws. The upshot of
the sale to MediaNews would be the original victor of the Alameda
newspaper wars losing in the end, being bought out by the newspaper
company once deemed overdue.
In addition to the regular trains running to the Alameda Mole,
Alameda was also served by local steam commuter lines from the Southern
Pacific (initially, the Central Pacific) which were later transformed
into East Bay power lines. The electrified trains from Souther Pacific
were not streetcars, but full-size railroad cars that connected to the
mainland by bridges at Webster Street and Fruitvale (only the last
bridge survives today). The trains ran to the Oakland Mole and the
Alameda Mole. In fact, a line that ran between the two moles was dubbed
the "horseshoe line" for the shape of the route on a map.
Soon after the completion of the Bay Bridge, trains from Alameda ran
directly to San Francisco on the lower deck of the bridge, ferries being
In the 1930s American Pan Airways established a seaplane port along
the embankment that led to the Alameda mole. This was the original base
for the famous China Clipper. From the advent of World War II, a vast
stretch of the marshy southwest of the Alameda Mole area was filled and
the Naval Air Station Alameda established. This major naval facility
included a large airfield as well as docks for several aircraft
carriers. It closed in 1997.
Today, an Alameda resident looks to preserve some of the historic
artifacts from the Neptune Beach era in a museum dedicated specifically
to the resort and all of the "amusement machines." While the existing
and more general Alameda museum has quite a few Neptune artifacts beach
in its collection, this new museum would focus more on the games, rides
and other machines that brought fun to the shore of Alameda Bay.
As Park Street became the city's main highway and from the location
of Alameda's main train station, residents of Old Alameda raised stakes
and moved through town to downtown New. The location of the street was
chosen by two landowners who wanted to attract tenants and development
to their land. As a result they designated their mutual border as Park
Street. The need for expanded shipping facilities led to the dredging of
a canal through the marshland between Oakland and Alameda in 1902,
turning Alameda into an island. Most of the canal soil was used to fill
in the nearby marshland. The area of the island called Alameda de Bay
Farm is no longer an island, but is linked by the causeway to Oakland.
In his youth, author Jack London was known to take part in oyster
pirating in the highly productive oyster beds near Bay Farm Island, wish
gone today. In the 1950s, the Alameda industrial and ship construction
industries flourished along the estuary, where the world's first,
land-based, containerized shipping crane was used. Today, the Port
of Oakland across the estuary serves as one of the largest ports on the
West Coast, using shipping technologies originally experimented with in
Alameda. On day 21 of March of 2006, Alameda is a "city of the Coast
Guard," one in seven in the country.
Alameda is located at 37 ° 46 ' North, 122 ° 15' West.GR1 According
to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 59.5
km² (23.0 miles). 28.0 km² (10.8 miles) of it is land and 31.5 km² of
12.2 miles (52.98%) is water.
Today the city consists of the main original section, with the former
naval air station at the west end of Alameda Island, "Southshore" along
the southern side of Alameda Island, and Farm Island. from the bay,
which is part of the proper continent. The area of the former NAS is now
known as "Alameda Point." The Southshore area is separated from the main
part of Alameda Island by a lagoon; the north shore of the lagoon is
located approximately where the original south shore of the island was.
Alameda Point and Southshore are built on man-made landfill.
The Alameda Naval Air Station was decommissioned and is being turned
over to the City of Alameda for civil development. The area of the
former NAS is now known as Alameda Point. Portions of this area are now
in commercial use, but the transfer process has been delayed by disputes
between the navy and the city regarding payment for the environmental
cleanup of the land.
In July 2006, the City of Alameda announced a deal with the Navy that
would turn land over to the city for $ 108M. The preliminary development
concept calls for 1700 housing units to be converted at Alameda Point.
In September 2006, the developer, Alameda Point Community Partners,
withdrew from the Alameda Point development.
After two previous failures, voters in the city spent a ballot
measure in 2000 authorizing a bond measure to build a new library
replacing the Carnegie Library of the city, damaged during
the earthquake of Loma Prieta. Funds also received from the state of the
city for the new library and opened the doors at the new facility in
City officials continue to seek ways to stimulate economic
development on the island, including rebuilding the city shopping mall
and restoring the historic Alameda Theater of Art Deco City Landmark.
The theater restoration project is currently underway, along with the
development of the multiplex and the parking structure that were joined
together to make the overall project profitable.
Vehicle access to the island is via three bridges to Oakland, a
bridge to Bay Farm Island, and two one-way tunnels leading into
Oakland's Chinatown. Bridges at Fruitvale Avenue, Main Street, and Park
Street, and tunnels at Webster Street and Harrison Street (the latter
called the Posey Tube) connect Alameda and Oakland.
Public transportation includes AC Transit buses (which include
express buses to San Francisco, California) and two ferry services - the
Alameda-Oakland Ferry and the Harbor Bay Ferry. Both ferry services may
soon be transferred to the Water Transit Authority. The island is also
close to BART train service, with the closest stations being Lake
Merritt, near the exit to Posey Tube, and Fruitvale, near the Fruitvale
Even though the island is just Interstate 880 minutes, the speed
limit for the city is 25 mph (40 km / h) on almost every road. Many
unconscious drivers are unable to slow down after leaving the road.
Groups like Pedestrian Friendly Alameda and BikeAlameda advocate
stronger enforcement of speeding laws. Alameda has a reputation for
vigorous enforcement of the 25 mph speed limit.
The Alameda Arts Council (AAC) serves as the local arts council for
the City of Alameda.
Alameda Civic Classical Ballet
Civic Ballet and its affiliate school, the Alameda Academy of Alameda
Ballet, were founded in 2003 by former Oakland Ballet principal dancer
Abra Rudisill. Since its founding, the academy and school have grown
steadily, offering a full schedule of classes for dancers of all ages in
downtown Alameda. Since 2005, ACB has produced a full-length
"Nutcracker" run every holiday season. The performance features over 100
dancers from professionals to three-year-olds.
Alameda Civic Light Opera
In 2006 the Alameda Civic Light Opera, which brings Broadway-style
Musical Productions to the East Bay, celebrated its 10th anniversary
Art in the park
Art in the Park is an annual event that takes place in Jackson Park
(Encinal & Park Ave.) and is produced by the management and staff of the
Alameda Recreation & Park Department. This event is held in late summer
and features over 100 local artists, two music areas, a children's
activity area, food, poetry readings, and art shows. It is free to the
Theater Co. del Virago
The Virago Theater Co. www.viragotheatre.org is one of the Bay Area's
newest small professional theaters, featuring unconventional, inventive
staging of classic and contemporary works, and a collaborative rehearsal
process for performers, designers and directors. The Virago supports new
jobs and new game development, selecting jobs that address issues of
social turbulence and injustice that have a unique perspective on our
Shining stars in the arts
Held in May, Shine the Stars in the Arts is an evening event that
celebrates members of the Community who have made an exceptional
contribution to the arts in the city. Features a silent fundraising art
auction, food, and music, and concludes in an award ceremony for shining
Due to its proximity to the Bay, Wind Surfers and Kite Surfers it can
often be seen along Memorial Crown State Beach and Shoreline Drive. From
the beach there are also views of the San Francisco, California skyline
and the San Francisco- Oakland Bay Bridge.
One of the recent attractions is the USS Hornet, a museum ship now
moored at the former naval air station. This ship was originally named
the USS Kearsarge, but renamed in honor of the earlier Hornet CV-8
(famous for the Doolittle raid), which was lost in October 1942. Alameda
is also known for its large stock of Victorian houses; 9% of all
single-family homes (1,500) in Alameda are Victorians, and many more
have been divided into two to four-unit dwellings. Alameda is said to
have more pre- 1906 earthquake- era homes than any other city in the Bay
- Alameda University, a part of the Peralta universities
- 9 private schools.
- Public schools
Energy and telecommunication
Of the surrounding communities alike, Alameda has a municipal energy
and telecommunications service (Alameda Energy and Telecommunications)
that delivers services directly to consumers.
There have been offers by the power producer to produce garbage
power, but not within the city of Alameda. Instead, this energy would be
produced at a waste transfer station located in neighboring San Leandro,
California (and downwind) San Leandro, California. Due to the planned
release of toxic emissions which is essentially from a garbage
incinerator, the San Leandro Mayor and City Council rejected the offer.
The mayor vowed to fight this proposal, suggesting that Alameda could
instead place it near its municipal golf course.
Also, of the like of the three major power producers in California,
as a municipal utility, Alameda is not required to establish net
metering for home photovoltaic power producers, so the city currently
lags far behind other communities in producing power. " green ”, even
though they have a potentially productive site for supplemental wind
power on the western edge of the former naval air station.
Cities that sister
Alameda participates in a twin city with Wuxi, China. Established
in 2004 by workgroup organizer Stewart Chen, the goal is to foster
economic and cultural ties between the two cities.
Another sister city is Lidingö, Sweden. The initiatve came from
Alameda in 1959 and was part of President Eisenhower's
people-to-people-movement, whose purpose was to develop a better
understanding among the people of different countries after World War
II. Alameda and Lidingö are islands with a bridge that connects them to
a large city.