Antigua and Barbuda
OFFICIAL NAME: Antigua and Barbuda
CAPITAL CITY: St. John's
POPULATION: 81,800 (2011)
AREA: 440 km²
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE (S): English, Creole-English
RELIGION: Protestants 74%, Catholics 11%, Rastafarians 1%, others 14%
COIN: eastern caribbean dollar
CURRENCY CODE: XCD
ENGLISH NAME: Antigua and Barbuda
POPULATION COMPOSITION: Afro-Caribbean 91%, others (especially of European and Middle Eastern origin)
GDP PER residents: $ 13,428 (2012)
LIFE EXPECTANCY: men 70 years, women 75 years (2006)
INDEX OF LIVING CONDITIONS, HDI: 0.764
INDEX OF LIVING CONDITIONS, POSITION: 67
INTERNET DOMAIN NAME: .ag
Antigua and Barbuda, an island nation in the Caribbean, independent in 1981.
The state consists of the main island of Antigua with the capital St. John's,
the slightly smaller Barbuda and the small, uninhabited Redonda. The majority of
the population is of African descent, and the vast majority live in
Antigua; with approximately 1500 people live in Barbuda, all in the island's only
Do you know how many people there are in Antigua and
Barbuda? Check this site to see population pyramid and resident density
about this country.
The islands are made up of coral and limestone. The terrain of Antigua is
hilly (with the highest point in Boggy Peak, 402 m) and the coast is incised
with bays and promontories, while Barbuda is relatively flat. The climate is
tropical and semi-arid with a short rainy season from September to November. The
islands, like the rest of the Caribbean, have been hit by violent hurricanes on
a regular basis.
Previously, the main occupation was agriculture with sugar cultivation, but
Antigua has become a popular travel destination and tourism is now the main
source of income. Annual exceeds 1/2 million. tourists
to the good beaches; approximately half arrive by cruise ship and an increasing proportion
At the beautiful bay of English Harbor on the south coast of Antigua lies
Nelson's Dockyard, built from the mid-18th century as a British naval base and
naval shipyard. The shipyard area and its beautiful Georgian buildings were
thoroughly restored in the 1950's and are today Antigua's main
attraction. Nelson's Dockyard is also the center of the island's sailing tourism
and forms the core of one of the Caribbean's largest marinas.
To promote employment and foreign exchange earnings, a free zone has been set
up in part of the capital St. Petersburg. John's. Following pressure from the
United States and the United Kingdom, the government entered into a series of
agreements in 1999 to tighten supervision of drug trafficking and the growing
offshore banking business.
The flag dates from 1967. Sun, sea and sand are expressed in an abstract way
in the flag, in which a V (victory) can also be read for victory. The red fields
express power and dynamism; the black is the African background.
Columbus landed on Antigua in 1493 and named the island, but it was not
colonized until after 1632 by England, who established plantations on the island
and introduced African slaves. Barbuda was colonized from 1678, but passed into
private ownership in 1680 and first came under the British crown again in the
late 1800's. In 1834, slavery was abolished, and from 1871 to 1956, the islands
became part of the British colony of Leeward Islands.
In the 1940's, initiatives were taken to form a West Indian
federation. Antigua and Barbuda was a member of the West Indies Federation from
1958 until its abolition in 1962. In 1967 Antigua and Barbuda gained the status
of an associated British state with autonomy, and in 1968 the island state was
one of the initiators of the CARIFTA (Caribbean Free Trade Agreement) - from
1973 transformed into CARICOM (Caribbean Community) headquartered in St. John's.
After years of political debate, the parties ALP (Antigua Labor Party) and
PLM (Progressive Labor Movement) agreed in 1978 to work for independence from
Britain. The plans were met with some resistance by the people, but on November
1, 1981, the island state was proclaimed an independent state within the
Commonwealth and became a member of the UN.
The ALP held power in the country from 1976 to 2004. Lester B. Bird (b.
1938), son of VC Bird (1909-99), who had secured the country's independence in
1981, became prime minister in 1994. In the 2004 election, the UPP (United
Progressive Party) won, and Baldwin Spencer (b. 1948) became Prime Minister. In
the 2009 election, UPP won again and Spencer was able to retain the post of