Burundi - Geography
Burundi - geography, Burundi is located in the western part of the East
African tomb; it is a lush country but poor and overcrowded.
consists of three ethnic groups: hutu (80-90%), tutsi (10-20%) and twee (less
than 1%). Often the plural noun is used ba, e.g., bahutu. In addition
to these, there are smaller groups of Europeans and Arabs.
Do you know how many people there are in Burundi? Check this site to see
population pyramid and resident density about this country.
Population density is among the largest in Africa (over 250 inbound per km2),
but there are major differences; the most fertile agricultural areas in the
highlands are extremely intensively exploited. Population growth is high, around
3% per year. Lack of agricultural land is an increasing problem, and in
connection with this there is a growing migration from country to city,
especially to the capital Bujumbura. The second largest city is the ancient
royal city of Gitega (about 100,000).
The ethnic composition of the population is most often explained as a result
of immigration in different waves. Two are the original residents. It is a pygmy
people who were originally collectors and hunters. They specialize in the
production of clay jars, wicker mats and baskets as well as iron utensils, but
also have agriculture. Traditionally, they are considered sub-humans of Hutu and
Tutsi and are completely marginalized in relation to modern society.
Hutu is a Bantu people who immigrated in connection with the great migrations
of the first millennium of our time. Traditionally, they are farmers with a
smaller livestock holding of sheep, goats and cows.
Tutsi is a Nilotic people who immigrated from the north around
1400-t. Originally, they were cattle nomads, but they now live in many respects
like the Hutus, but they are particularly marked by the economic and
intellectual elite. Before the colonial era, the Tutsis maintained the economic
and political power of a feudal leasing system; after Burundi independence, the
dominance of the Tutsis was characterized by strong political and military
repression. The picture is complicated by the fact that the ethnic groups can at
the same time be regarded as social classes; In the past, it has been possible
to change status from hutu to tutsi and vice versa. In addition, clan and region
affiliation plays a major role. Hutus and Tutsis live mixed throughout the
country, but some areas are dominated by one of the groups. During periods of
ethnic conflict, ethnic contradictions are sharpened and simplified.
Business and Economics
Agriculture employs over 90% of the working population and contributes over
half of GDP. It is predominantly arable farming with notches and other hand
tools. Both widespread poverty and the heavily hilly landscape make
mechanization difficult. The main crops are beans, cassava, millet, sweet
potatoes and the so-called plantains (plantain) for cooking and
brewing. In some areas, rice and corn are also grown. The main sales crops are
coffee (94% of export revenue) and tea. Most of the population lives on their
own breeding with a bit of trading on the market. Many live around the minimum,
and during bad times, hunger and malnutrition are not uncommon.
The industrial sector is very small and mainly processes coffee and tea for
export. Minerals exist only to a modest extent and are of no major economic
importance. A small oil discovery in Lake Tanganyika is not yet being exploited.
GDP per capita per capita is listed for $ 210 (1990). The figure is
uncertain, but Burundi, no matter how you measure it, is one of the world's
poorest countries. Foreign assistance, including from the EU through the Lomé
Convention is of great importance.
The majority of Burundi is upland. The lowest areas along Lake Tanganyika are
800 m asl; to the east, the country rises, so large parts lie at 1500-2000 m
altitude. The highest mountain ridges divide the river basins of the Nile and
the Congo; The southernmost spring river of the Nile, Luvironza, is one of the
few tourist destinations in the country.
Burundi lies in the tropical climate belt, but the altitude provides a
relatively pleasant climate, however, with large regional differences. There are
two rainy seasons, the big one in February-May and the small one in
September-December; the average rainfall is 140 cm per year, but there are large
variations regionally and from year to year. Traditionally, the population lives
scattered on the mounds of huts or houses surrounded by banana plants with the
"mound" as the smallest local unit. However, some village formation has taken
place in connection with population growth.
The road network is quite dense; the main highways are paved, and the dirt
roads are relatively well maintained in the densely populated country, though
often impassable during the rainy season. There are three major transport routes
out of the country: by ship across Lake Tanganyika and from there by rail
from Kigoma to Dar es Salaam, by truck via Rwanda and Uganda to Mombasa and
via the Democratic Republic of Congo and Zambia to southern
Africa. Bujumbura has an international airport with frequent connections to
Burundi - language
Burundi Languages, The country has two national languages : French and Bantu
language Rundi, which is the mother tongue of all the people of the
country except the 4000 who speak the Bantu language hima. The
country's three ethnic groups, Hutu, Tutsi and Pygmy people, speak all dialects
of Rundi. This language and the language of Rwanda, spoken in neighboring
countries of the same name, are mutually understandable. Swahili is used to some
extent as a communication language.