Dallas (United States)
Dallas. City of the United States, in the state
of Texas, located in the county of Dallas and some parts of the city are
located in the counties of Collin, Denton, Kaufman and Rockwall. Dallas
is the largest city in the United States without a connection to the sea
due to its central location and its large industry in information
Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport (DFW) is the largest in the
state, the second largest in the United States, and the third largest in
the world; in terms of traffic, it is the seventh in the world. It is
also known for the assassination of President John F.
Kennedy on November 22, 1963.
Around 1700, the French frequently visited the region to trade with
the Anadrako peoples. Under Spanish rule for several years, it became
Mexican territory after the independence of Mexico in 1821. Later, as
part of Texas, it lived through the various vicissitudes that made these
lands an independent state, within the United States. Five years later,
a town was founded by the name of Dallas, adopted in honor of US Vice
President George Dallas.
The beginning of its growth was slow, but the arrival, in 1858, of
French and Swiss artisans from Reunion, gave it a great boost. The
installation of several rail lines in the early 1870s, for the first
time linked Texas with major points to the east, west, and north, and
stimulated economic activity in Dallas. By 1890, it was the largest city
in Texas. The agricultural market, which was based mainly on cotton, was
particularly successful during the first half of the 20th century.
Throughout that same period, finance and insurance became crucial to
the city's development, and Dallas bankers ventured into financing oil
drilling. In 1930, the huge East Texas oil field was discovered to the
southeast of the city, making Dallas a major center for the oil
This period of increased economic and demographic growth began
after 1950, thanks to the rapid expansion of manufacturing and
commercial activity. In November of 1963, the city was the scene of the
assassination of John F. Kennedy president of the United States.
Dallas, the second most important city in Texas, after Houston, and
the eighth in the country, in the 2010 census had a population of
1,197,816 residents and a population density of 1,198.61 people per kmē,
being the most populous in the world. metropolitan area that has a total
of 6,145,037 residents. It is one of the main commercial, financial and
distribution centers of the Southwest, as well as being a regional
manufacturing hub. It forms, together with the neighboring city of Fort
Worth (to the west), the axis of the most important metropolitan region
in the United States.
Dallas's economic base is diverse. Its main sources of employment are
the manufacturing sectors (retail and wholesale) and the financial and
insurance sectors. Among the most important manufactured articles are
electrical equipment, processed foods, printing material and editorials.
It is also the main banking center, in the Southwest, and home to a
district federal reserve bank. The city is also the headquarters of
numerous oil companies, regional offices, and a large number of federal
agencies. Dallas serves as a clearinghouse and shipping center
for oil and natural gas, and as a marketplace for the region's
agricultural and mineral products,
including cotton, grains, livestock, and fruit.
Dallas covers an area of approximately 887 kmē, and has a
considerable number of parks and green areas.
The climate of the city is steppe, with a very large temperature
range throughout the year. The summer is warm, average humidity, and
easily reach temperatures of 100 ° F (37,7š C), autumn and spring are
dry seasons and temperate in winter temperatures are cold and frosts,
reaching to have precipitation in the form of snow.
Cultural interest places
The most important museums are the Dallas Museum of Art (1903) and
the Dallas Museum of Natural History (1936). The Deep Ellum (Deep Elm)
district was, after the American Civil War, the business center of the
adjacent black neighborhoods.
The city of Dallas is for the most part in the Dallas Independent
School District (DISD), the twelfth largest school district in
the United States. The district operates independently of the city and
enrolls 161,000 students. In 2006, The School for the Talented and
Gifted was named America's top public school school by Newsweek.
Another district school, the Science and Engineering Magnet School,
ranked eighth in the same study. Other schools on the list were Woodrow
Wilson, Hillcrest, and WT White Highs. "Woodrow" High School, as it is
commonly called, was named Best Comprehension High School by D Magazine
Dallas also extends into other school districts
including Carrollton-Farmers Branch, Duncanville, Garland, Highland
Park, Mesquite, Plano, and Richardson. The Wilmer-Hutchins School
District at one time served portions of southern Dallas, but was closed
for the 2005-2006 school year. After the closure, the Texas Education
Agency incorporated WHISD into the Dallas district.
Dallas' leading institutions of higher education are Southern
Methodist University (1911), Dallas Baptist University (1965), and
the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center (1943).
There is a large Protestant influence in the community and the city
is in a region where Methodist and Baptist churches are prominent in
many neighborhoods and support the two largest private universities in
the city. The city is also home to a Mormon community. The Catholic
Church is also a significant organization on the rise in the city.