El Paso (United States)
El Paso. It is a city of the United States, in the
state of Texas, head of the County of El Paso. The population of the
city according to the 2004 census is 592,099, making it the sixth most
populous city in Texas, and the twenty-first most populous in the United
States. El Paso is the second most important along the border between
city United States and Mexico, after San Diego. It is located in front
of Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua ; Mexico, cities separated by the Rio
Bravo or Rio Grande. Between them they form a metropolitan area of two
and a half million people.
El Paso is home to the University of Texas at El Paso, founded
in 1914, as well as the health sciences campus of Texas Tech University.
Also in the city it is a major military base called Fort Bliss, which is
a military facility of the Army of the United States located to the
northeast of the city that stretches north to White Sands Missile Range.
The Mountain Franklin is located inside El Paso, extending from the
north, clearly dividing the city into two sections.
The city has an airport (El Paso International Airport), a railroad
station, and an extensive network of highways, including routes I-10, US
54, US 180, US 85 and US 62.
El Paso is located at latitude 31 ° 47 '25 "N, longitude 106 ° 25'
24" W (31.790208, -106.423242), and at an altitude of 1,140 m above mean
sea level. The rustic red North Franklin Peak on Franklin Mountain rises
2,192 m above sea level, is the highest point within the city and can be
seen within a radius of 100 km around. According to the United States
Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 648.9 km².
The Mountain Franklin extends along El Paso from the north and
clearly divides the city into different sections, along with the areas
occupied by Fort Bliss and El Paso International Airport:
- El Paso Noroeste (better known as El Paso Oeste)
- El Paso Downtown
- The Northeast Pass
- The East Pass
- El Paso Valle de las Misiones (formerly known as Valle
Bajo e Ysleta, TX)
The Rio Bravo or Rio Grande crosses the length of the Rio Grande
Valley at the southern limit of the Franklin Mountains. As the river
descends from New Mexico to the north, it defines the boundary
between El Paso and Doña Ana County, in New Mexico. Then it intersects
the border with Mexico and determines the boundary between El Paso
and Ciudad Juárez to the south of the city. The extinct Cristo
Rey volcano rises in the Rio Grande Valley just west of El Paso on the
edge of the state of New Mexico.. Other volcanic features are found near
the city such as the Hole of Kilbourne and the Hole of Hunt, which
are Maar volcanic craters located 30 km west of Franklin Mountains. El
Paso is surrounded by the Chihuahuan Desert.
According to the Köppen Climate Classification, El Paso has a
semi-arid climate with very hot summers with almost no humidity and
mild, dry winters.
The temperature varies from 13 and -2 ° C in January, to 36 and 20 ° C
between June and August. According to the National Weather Service of
the United States, in El Paso the sun shines during 302 days of the year
on average, of which 83 percent of the hours have daylight. This is why
the city is nicknamed The Sun City. Average rainfall is 223 mm per year,
generally taking place during the summer between July and September due
to the monsoon flow from the Gulf of California. And while there is
hardly any rain in El Paso, many parts of the city occasionally flood
during heavy summer monsoon rains. Due to the elevation of 1200 m in the
area, it is not surprising that snowfall also occurs.
According to the 2007 census, there are 563,662 people, 182,063
households and 141,098 families residing in the city. The population
density is 873.7 residents / km². The city is characterized by having
76.62% of its population Hispanic, predominantly of Mexican origin (83%
of it). The remainder of their ethnic makeup consists of 16% White,
3.12% African American, 0.82% Indigenous, 1.12% Asian, 0.10% Pacific
Islander. Of the 182,063 households, 42.4% have children under 18 years
of age, 54.6% are married couples, 18.5% have a wife without a husband
present, and 22.5% are not families. 19.2% of the residents of these
households are single and 7.2% have someone over 65 years of age living
The city's population is distributed, according to age, as follows:
31.0% under 18, 10.0% from 18 to 24, 29.1% from 25 to 44, 19.2% from 45
64 and 10.7% over 65. The average age is 31 years. For every 100 women
there are 90.4 men. For every 100 women over 18 there are 85.0 men.
The median household income in the city is $ 32,124 per year and the
median per family is $ 35,432. Men have a median income of $ 28,989
compared to $ 21,540 for women. The city's per capita income is 14,388
USD. 22.2% of the population and 19.0% of families are below the poverty
line. Of the entire population, 29.8% of those under 18 and 17.7% of
those over 65 are below the poverty line.