OFFICIAL NAME: Timor Lorosae
CAPITAL CITY: Dali
POPULATION: 1,170,000 (2013)
AREA: 14,609 km²
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE (S): Portuguese and tetum
RELIGION: Catholics 80%, others 20%
COIN: US dollars
CURRENCY CODE: USD
ENGLISH NAME: East Timor
GDP PER residents: $ 338 (2007)
LIFE EXPECTANCY: men 54 years, women 56 years (2005)
INDEX OF LIVING CONDITIONS, HDI: 0.512
INDEX OF LIVING CONDITIONS, POSITION: 142
INTERNET DOMAIN NAME: .tl
East Timor, Timor Lorosae, an independent republic that forms the
northeastern part of the otherwise Indonesian island of Timor north of
Australia. The capital Dili has approximately 60,000 residents (2006). East Timor is
one of the youngest countries in the world; it gained full independence from
Indonesia in 2002.
Do you know how many people there are in East Timor? Check this site to see
population pyramid and resident density about this country.
East Timor is dry and mountainous; Tata Mai Lau is 2963 m. The mountains
stretch out towards the coast and large areas are difficult to access. Ambeno,
which is part of East Timor, is located as an enclave in West Timor. The climate
is tropical with a long dry season (March-November) and can only be harvested
once a year; maize, sweet potatoes and rice are grown mainly, as well as coffee
and copra for export. Large parts of the modest industrial sector, mainly the
manufacture of simple consumer goods, were destroyed in 1999 by Indonesian
militias, but parts have been rebuilt with international assistance.
Oil has been found in the Timor Sea off the south coast, and exploitation
began in 2004; an agreement has been reached with Australia on future oil
extraction Tourism has also been severely restricted. The population is made up
of a dozen Austronesian groups, the largest of which is tetum. A
majority are Christians with strong elements of traditional faith.
Portuguese is the former language of colonization, while Indonesian in the
second half of the 1900's. gained ground as the language of the occupying
power. The vast majority of East Timor's indigenous people speak various West
Austronesian languages, including tetum, mambai, and galoki. Especially on the
easternmost part of the island, however, small groups have been identified who
speak or previously spoke Papua languages, such as Makasai, Fataluku, Kemak and
The flag was introduced at the proclamation of independence on
28.11.1975. Black must symbolize 400 years of colonial rule, the yellow
arrowhead the struggle for independence. Red stands for the blood that is shed
by the people of East Timor. The white star symbolizes hope for the future.
Are you interested in song associated with East Timor? Here is where you can
see song lyrics and singer about this country.
In 1520 the Portuguese arrived on the island, and in 1613 the Dutch
followed; they took possession of the western part of Timor, while the
Portuguese retained control of the eastern part. The division between the two
colonial powers was formalized by an agreement in 1859. The present boundaries
were established in 1914.
Timor was occupied by the Japanese during World War II. After the war, the
western part was incorporated into Indonesia in 1949, while East Timor remained
a Portuguese colony. The Portuguese colonial empire was dissolved in 1975, and
on November 28, East Timor declared independence under the leadership of the
independence movement Fretilin. Just nine days later, however, Indonesia
invaded the new country, which the following year became an Indonesian province
under the name Timor Timur. The incorporation was never internationally
recognized. Fretilin launched an armed struggle against the Indonesians, and up
to 200,000 are believed to have died as a result of the bloody civil war.
Following the fall of the Suharto regime in 1998, Indonesia agreed to allow
East Timorians to vote on the future status of the region. In the UN-monitored
referendum in August 1999, 78.5% voted for independence. Now followed violent
riots staged by pro-Indonesian militias, forcing a UN intervention; several
hundred thousand East Timorians were then driven into exile. In October 1999,
Indonesia recognized East Timor's independence.
After a transitional period under UN administration, East Timor became
completely independent in 2002. Behind it was extensive and well-conducted
preparatory work by UN agencies gathered in UNTAET, the United Nations
Transitional Administration in East Timor. Former rebel leader Xanana Gusmão was
convincingly elected the country's first president the same year. The last
Australian peacekeeping forces left the country in 2005. In the spring of 2006,
however, there were widespread unrest. Prime Minister Mari Alkatiri resigned and
was succeeded by Josť Ramos-Horta, who was elected president in 2007 while
Xanana Gusmão became prime minister. The appointment of Gusmão sparked
widespread unrest. Ramos-Horta was the target of an assassination attempt in
2008 in which he was seriously injured.