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El Salvador Geography and Population

El Salvador

OFFICIAL NAME: El Salvador

CAPITAL CITY: San Salvador

POPULATION: 6,820,000 (2007)

AREA: 21,041 km²

OFFICIAL LANGUAGE (S): Spanish, quite a few Native American languages

RELIGION: Catholics 86%, Protestants and others 14%

COIN: dollars

CURRENCY CODE: USD

ENGLISH NAME: El Salvador

INDEPENDENCE: 1841

POPULATION COMPOSITION: mestizer 90%, whites (especially of Spanish origin) 9%, Indians 1%

GDP PER residents: 2127 $ (2007)

LIFE EXPECTANCY: men 68 years, women 74 years (2007)

INDEX OF LIVING CONDITIONS, HDI: 0.729

INDEX OF LIVING CONDITIONS, POSITION: 101

INTERNET DOMAIN NAME: .sv

El Salvador, Republic of Central America. The country is south of the Pacific Ocean and borders Guatemala to the west and Honduras to the north and east.

It is the smallest state in Central America and the most densely populated on the American mainland. The socio-economic disparities are large and illiteracy is relatively high (about 20%). In 1980-92, there was a civil war with about 75,000 dead and large emigration as a result.

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El Salvador - national flag

The flag became official in 1972, but has been in use much earlier, from approximately 1838 to 1865 and again from 1912. It symbolizes solidarity with the other Central American states. The two blue stripes stand for the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean.

El Salvador Geography

El Salvador - language

The official language of El Salvador is Spanish. In addition, there are still a few who also speak the Native American language pipil, which is so closely related to the Aztec language nahuatl that it is unclear whether it should be perceived as an independent language or as a dialect of nahuatl. In addition, a few speak the Native American language lenca.

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El Salvador - religion

The Roman Catholic Church dominates, approximately 80% are Catholics. Protestant churches make up by far the largest minority.

El Salvador - education

The turbulent conditions in El Salvador have left their mark on education, as institutions have had to close or reduce their activity to a significant extent. The educational level of the population is thus generally low. In 1985, almost 1/3 no schooling, approximately 1/4 one to three years, approximately 1/5 three to six years, only about 1/5 more than six years of schooling.

The education system includes a nine-year free basic education for the 7-15-year-olds and - especially in the cities - a three-year youth education with general and vocational lines. Youth education sought by almost 1/3 of young people (1988). There are two public universities and a number of other higher education institutions. About half of all students in secondary and higher education go to private institutions run by the Catholic Church.

El Salvador Population
 
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