OFFICIAL NAME: El Salvador
CAPITAL CITY: San Salvador
POPULATION: 6,820,000 (2007)
AREA: 21,041 km²
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE (S): Spanish, quite a few Native American languages
RELIGION: Catholics 86%, Protestants and others 14%
CURRENCY CODE: USD
ENGLISH NAME: El Salvador
POPULATION COMPOSITION: mestizer 90%, whites (especially of Spanish origin) 9%, Indians 1%
GDP PER residents: 2127 $ (2007)
LIFE EXPECTANCY: men 68 years, women 74 years (2007)
INDEX OF LIVING CONDITIONS, HDI: 0.729
INDEX OF LIVING CONDITIONS, POSITION: 101
INTERNET DOMAIN NAME: .sv
El Salvador, Republic of Central America. The country is south of the
Pacific Ocean and borders Guatemala to the west and Honduras to the north and
It is the smallest state in Central America and the most densely populated on
the American mainland. The socio-economic disparities are large and illiteracy
is relatively high (about 20%). In 1980-92, there was a civil war with about
75,000 dead and large emigration as a result.
Are you interested in song associated with El Salvador? Here is where you
can see song lyrics and singer about this country.
El Salvador - national flag
The flag became official in 1972, but has been in use much earlier, from
approximately 1838 to 1865 and again from 1912. It symbolizes solidarity with the
other Central American states. The two blue stripes stand for the Caribbean Sea
and the Pacific Ocean.
El Salvador - language
The official language of El Salvador is Spanish. In addition, there are still
a few who also speak the Native American language pipil, which is so
closely related to the Aztec language nahuatl that it is unclear whether it
should be perceived as an independent language or as a dialect of nahuatl. In
addition, a few speak the Native American language lenca.
Do you know how many people there are in El Salvador? Check this site to see
population pyramid and resident density about this country.
El Salvador - religion
The Roman Catholic Church dominates, approximately 80% are Catholics. Protestant
churches make up by far the largest minority.
El Salvador - education
The turbulent conditions in El Salvador have left their mark on education, as
institutions have had to close or reduce their activity to a significant
extent. The educational level of the population is thus generally low. In 1985,
almost 1/3 no schooling, approximately 1/4 one
to three years, approximately 1/5 three to six years,
only about 1/5 more than six years of schooling.
The education system includes a nine-year free basic education for the
7-15-year-olds and - especially in the cities - a three-year youth education
with general and vocational lines. Youth education sought by almost 1/3 of
young people (1988). There are two public universities and a number of other
higher education institutions. About half of all students in secondary and
higher education go to private institutions run by the Catholic Church.