Fort Lauderdale (United States)
Fort Lauderdale (Ft. Lauderdale), is the seventh
largest city in the state of Florida, is located in Broward County,
between the Atlantic Ocean and the New River.
It has an attractive climate conducive to tourism and also for
Fort Lauderdale, known as the Venice of America, due to its extensive
and intricate canal system) It is a city located in Broward County, in
the US state of Florida, of which it is the county seat, and is located
between the counties from Miami-Dade and Palm Beach. In the 2010 Census
it had a population of 165,521 residents and a population density of
1,656.89 people per km², being one of the main cities of the South
Florida metropolitan area, which is home to more than 5,413,212
residents. The city is a popular tourist destination with 10.35 million
visitors in 2006, as well as a major sailing center, with 42,000
resident-owned boats, 100 marinas and shipyards. Ft. Lauderdale and its
suburbs have more than 4,100 restaurants and 120 nightclubs. Ft. The
United States during the Second Seminole War; however, the development
of the city did not begin until 50 years after the war ended and the
forts were abandoned. Three forts called Fort Lauderdale were built; the
first of them next to the New River; the second in Tarpon Bend, in what
is now the Sailboat Bend neighborhood; and the third near the Bahía de
Mar Marina. All of them took their name from Major William Lauderdale,
commander of the detachment in charge of building the first fortress.
The area in which Fort Lauderdale was later founded was inhabited for
hundreds of years by the Tequesta Indians. They came into contact with
Spanish explorers in the 15th century. This caused an increase in
contagious European diseases that the Tequesta were unaware of and which
they did not resist, such as smallpox. For the Tequesta, disease along
with ongoing conflicts with their neighbors, the Calusa, contributed to
their gradual disappearance over the next two centuries. In 1763, only a
few Tequesta remained in Florida and most of them were evacuated to Cuba
when the Spanish ceded Florida. to the British in 1763, according to the
Treaty of Paris (1763), which ended the Seven Years' War. Although
control of the area shifted from Spain to Great Britain, the United
States, and the Confederate States of America, it remained one of the
least developed regions of the United States until the 20th century.
The Fort Lauderdale area became known as the "New River Settlement"
after the 20th century. In 1830 there were approximately 70 settlers
along the "New River". William Cooley, a local justice of the peace, was
a farmer and laborer who traded with the Seminole Indians. In
January 1836 While Cooley was trying to save a wrecked ship, a band of
Seminoles attacked his farm, killing his wife and children, and the
children's guardian. The other farms were not attacked, but all the
white residents of the area fled the village, fleeing first to the Cape
Florida lighthouse in Key Biscayne, and then to Key West. The first
stockade built by the United States in Fort Lauderdale was in 1838, and
the area was subsequently a battlefield during the Second Seminole War.
The fort was abandoned in 1842, after the end of the war, and the area
remained largely uninhabited until 1890. There was no organized
development of the area until Frank Stranahan arrived in the area
in 1893 to install a ferry across the New River and to finish the
construction of the East Coast railway that crossed the area. The city
was annexed to Broward County in 1911, and in 1915 it was designated the
Fort Lauderdale's greatest development began in the 1920s, with the
Florida Housing Bubble in the 1920s. The hurricane that struck Miami in
1926, and the Great Depression of the 1930s caused major economic
disruptions. When World War II began, Fort Lauderdale became a US Army
base, with an air base for training pilots, radar operators, and coast
guard based in Port Everglades.
When the war ended, members of the army returned to the area,
stimulating a huge population explosion that dwarfed the 1920 boom.
According to the 1960 census there were 83,648 people in the city, 230%
more than in the 1950 census.
As of 1970, Fort Lauderdale had almost all of its territory built so
it grew into the western suburbs. As cities such as Coral Springs,
Miramar, and Pembroke Pines experienced explosive growth, Fort
Lauderdale's population stagnated, and the city lost nearly 4,000
residents between 1980, when the city had 153,279 residents, and in
1990, when the population was at 149,377. A slight population rebound
put Fort Lauderdale at 152,397 residents according to the 2000 census.
Since 2000, Fort Lauderdale has gained just over 18,000 residents by
annexing seven unincorporated neighborhoods in Broward County. Today,
Fort Lauderdale is one of the main yacht ports, one of the most visited
tourist destinations in the United States,
Fort Lauderdale is located at coordinates 26 ° 8′29 ″ N 80 ° 8′38 ″
W. According to the United States Census Bureau, Fort Lauderdale has a
total area of 99.9 km², of which 90.04 km² correspond to land and
(9.87%) 9.86 km² is water. The city of Fort Lauderdale is located on the
shores of the Atlantic Ocean, has 7 miles (11 km) of beach, and borders
To the east: Lauderdale-by-the-Sea and Sea Ranch Lakes; To the south:
Hollywood and Dania Beach; To the southwest: Davie; To the West:
Plantation, Lauderhill and Lauderdale Lakes; To the West: Plantation;
Lauderhill, Lauderdale Lakes and Cooper City; To the northwest: North
Lauderdale, Oakland Park and Tamarac; and North: Wilton Manors, Pompano
Beach and Deerfield Beach.
The northwest part of Fort Lauderdale is separated from the rest of
the city, connected only by the Cypress Creek Canal as it flows under
the I-95 freeway. This section of Fort Lauderdale borders the cities of
Oakland Park and Tamarac on its south side. Off the coast of Fort
Lauderdale is the Osborne Reef, an artificial reef made up of discarded
tires, which has proven to be an ecological disaster. Construction began
in the 60s, with the intention of serving as a habitat for fish.
However, marine erosion caused the tires to wear out, becoming a major
source of pollution. The tires were gradually moving towards the coast
and, when they encountered an area of living reef, they were stranded,
which produced the death or destruction of the natural reef ecosystem in
its path. In recent years, thousands of tires have also been stranded on
nearby beaches, especially after hurricanes. Local authorities are
working to remove the 700,000 tires, in cooperation with the US Army,
Navy and the Coast Guard.
According to the 2010 census, there were 165,521 people residing in
Fort Lauderdale. The population density was 1,656.89 residents / km².
Fort Lauderdale's 165,521 residents were made up of 62.64% White, 30.96%
Black, 0.27% Native American, 1.48% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander ,
2.49% were of other races and 2.12% belonged to two or more races. Of
the total population, 13.75% were Hispanics or Latinos of any race.
Until recently its economy was based on tourism, being in particular
one of the favorite destinations of students in the spring break period
(spring break), but it has become more sophisticated in terms of the
profile of tourists who visit it and evolving towards diversification,
for which it has attracted a wide variety of industries that include the
marine, manufacturing, finance, insurance, real estate, high technology,
aviation and aerospace industries, in addition to film production and
Its international airport has grown rapidly and is playing a growing
role as a connecting port to destinations in Central and South America.
Tourist attractions and education
Fort Lauderdale also offers rich natural beauty and a host of
cultural, educational, and entertainment offerings. Blessed with more
than 3,000 hours of sunshine each year and pleasant ocean breezes
year-round, the district's world-famous beaches offer excellent
opportunities for recreation, leisure, relaxation and fun.
Art and science
The pictorial Riverwalk serves as a central venue for the arts and
sciences, and for cultural and historical activities that take place at
the Broward Center for the Performing Arts.
Also noteworthy are The Museum of Science and Discovery, the Museum
of Art, and the Old Fort Lauderdale Village and Museum. The Boulevard de
las Olas has become internationally famous as a centerpiece of the
city's fashion and as a center for good food and fun.
Its main educational institutions include:
- Broward Community College
- Florida Atlantic University
- Broward County Main Library, award-winning library
- Many federal, state and municipal colleges.
The Fort Lauderdale Mystery
Fort Lauderdale has not yet forgotten the fateful December 5, 1945,
almost eight months after the end of World War II. A squad of five
Avenger torpedo planes left Fort Lauderdale, (better known as Flight 19,
being the best known disappearance of the Bermuda triangle) with the
objective of going from Fort Lauderdale to the island of Grand Bahama
and returning by a route in the shape of a triangle and with great
similarity to the Bermuda triangle. They were never seen again. Fort
Lauderdale sent a rescue plane that also disappeared. The rescue
aircraft model was so prone to exploding that only a lit cigarette could
explode it. No remains of the rescue plane were ever found, although the
crew of a ship that was sailing near the point of disappearance affirmed
that that day they had seen a great explosion in the sky. This triangle
is situated between Fort Lauderlade, Puerto Rico and Bermuda.
The city of Fort Lauderdale has a football team in the NASL, called
the Fort Lauderdale Strikers