Gary is the largest city in Lake County, in
the state of Indiana (United States). The city is located to the
southeast of the Chicago metropolitan area, a city from which it is
about 40 km. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of
102,746 residents, which places it as the third most populous city in
the state, after Indianapolis and Fort Wayne. It is washed by Lake
Michigan and is primarily known as the birthplace of Michael Jackson.
The city was founded in 1906 by U. S. Steel, an American steelmaking
company, as the home for its new production facility. The name of the
city was put in honor of the president of that company, Elbert H. Gary.
Among American cities with more than 100,000 residents, Gary has the
highest percentage of African-American residents (according to
the 2000 census). It was one of the first cities in the country to have
a black mayor, Richard G. Hatcher, and housed in 1972 the National
Convention of Black Politicians. At the same time, Gary was abandoned by
many wealthy and middle-class families, relocating to nearby cities.
Gary is the city where pop superstar Michael Jackson was born.
The city was created in 1906 by the United States Steel Corporation,
on the shores of Lake Michigan. Created piece by piece to meet the needs
of the steel industry, which at that time, was in full expansion. The
city had 200,000 residents. The 1980s marked the end of this golden age.
There was the flight of the whites (white flight), unemployment,
insecurity and crime took their place. The city gradually emptied, from
the beginning to the end. The highest crime rate in the United Stateswas
reached. Today, the slender buildings have been demolished one by one to
create a great void.
Gary is located at coordinates 41 ° 34′51 ″ N 87 ° 20′44 ″ W.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area
of 148.3 kmē. 130.1 kmē are land and 18.2 kmē (12.2%) are water. The
city is located south of Lake Michigan, and most of the composition of
the earth one foot below the surface is sand of such high quality that
for many years it was used in the manufacture of glass.
Gary, like Chicago, has a highly variable climate. In July and
August, the warmest months, temperatures reach an average of 29 ° C,
with peaks of up to 38 ° C, while in January and February, the coldest
months, temperatures reach an average of –2 ° C with lows of –11 ° C,
always having days in which temperatures reach –18 ° C. The climate is
determined by its proximity to Lake Michigan, and it varies
continuously. Tornadoes are frequent in the area.
According to the 2000 census, Gary had 102,746 residents, 38,244
dwellings and 25,623 families residing. The population density was 789.8
/ kmē. By ethnicity, 84.03% were African-American, 11.92% were white,
and the rest were other races.
- The Jackson Five, a musical group formed by
- Michael Jackson, singer
- Jermaine Jackson, singer
- Janet Jackson, singer
- Karl Malden, actor
- Jimmy Reed, musician
- Kevin Magee, basketball player for CAI Zaragoza and Maccabi Tel
- Glenn Robinson, NBA basketball player
- Paul Samuelson, Economist
- Joseph E. Stiglitz, Economist
- Morgan Freeman, actor (born in Memphis, but raised in Gary).
- Ralph McQuarrie, futuristic designer and illustrator
- Freddie Gibbs, singer