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Zip Code Map: G

Zip Code Map: G

Alphabetical listing of zip code directory starting with letter G. You may notice that some cities share exactly the same name but located within different states. For detail, please click on the link below to see each city beginning with G.

Gary (Indiana)

Gary is the largest city in Lake County, in the state of Indiana (United States). The city is located to the southeast of the Chicago metropolitan area, a city from which it is about 40 km. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 102,746 residents, which places it as the third most populous city in the state, after Indianapolis and Fort Wayne. It is washed by Lake Michigan and is primarily known as the birthplace of Michael Jackson.

History

The city was founded in 1906 by U. S. Steel, an American steelmaking company, as the home for its new production facility. The name of the city was put in honor of the president of that company, Elbert H. Gary. Among American cities with more than 100,000 residents, Gary has the highest percentage of African-American residents (according to the 2000 census). It was one of the first cities in the country to have a black mayor, Richard G. Hatcher, and housed in 1972 the National Convention of Black Politicians. At the same time, Gary was abandoned by many wealthy and middle-class families, relocating to nearby cities. Gary is the city where pop superstar Michael Jackson was born.

Foundation

The city was created in 1906 by the United States Steel Corporation, on the shores of Lake Michigan. Created piece by piece to meet the needs of the steel industry, which at that time, was in full expansion. The city had 200,000 residents. The 1980s marked the end of this golden age. There was the flight of the whites (white flight), unemployment, insecurity and crime took their place. The city gradually emptied, from the beginning to the end. The highest crime rate in the United Stateswas reached. Today, the slender buildings have been demolished one by one to create a great void.

Geography

Gary is located at coordinates 41 ° 34′51 ″ N 87 ° 20′44 ″ W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 148.3 kmē. 130.1 kmē are land and 18.2 kmē (12.2%) are water. The city is located south of Lake Michigan, and most of the composition of the earth one foot below the surface is sand of such high quality that for many years it was used in the manufacture of glass.

Climate

Gary, like Chicago, has a highly variable climate. In July and August, the warmest months, temperatures reach an average of 29 ° C, with peaks of up to 38 ° C, while in January and February, the coldest months, temperatures reach an average of –2 ° C with lows of –11 ° C, always having days in which temperatures reach –18 ° C. The climate is determined by its proximity to Lake Michigan, and it varies continuously. Tornadoes are frequent in the area.

Demography

According to the 2000 census, Gary had 102,746 residents, 38,244 dwellings and 25,623 families residing. The population density was 789.8 / kmē. By ethnicity, 84.03% were African-American, 11.92% were white, and the rest were other races.

Famous characters

  • The Jackson Five, a musical group formed by
    • Michael Jackson, singer
    • Jermaine Jackson, singer
    • Janet Jackson, singer
  • Karl Malden, actor
  • Jimmy Reed, musician
  • Kevin Magee, basketball player for CAI Zaragoza and Maccabi Tel Aviv
  • Glenn Robinson, NBA basketball player
  • Paul Samuelson, Economist
  • Joseph E. Stiglitz, Economist
  • Morgan Freeman, actor (born in Memphis, but raised in Gary).
  • Ralph McQuarrie, futuristic designer and illustrator
  • Freddie Gibbs, singer

 

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