Georgia has a lavish and varied nature. The northern part of the country is
characterized by the Great Caucasus' snow-capped peaks and south-facing mountain
slopes. The highest point is Kazbek (5047 m). To the south lies the Little
Caucasus, whose lower mountain ranges continue into Turkey and Armenia. In
between are fertile, densely populated valley landscapes and coastal plains
facing the Black Sea.
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approximately 40% of the mountainous land is covered by dense and varied coniferous
and deciduous forest. The Caucasus protects the country from the cold from the
north, and in the lowlands there is a subtropical climate with large amounts of
precipitation (1000-2800 mm per year). The western parts of the mountains also
get a lot of rainfall and the winters are very snowy. Especially on north-facing
mountain sides, the snow does not manage to melt away in the summer, and the
country has a large number of small glaciers. To the east, the climate becomes
more continental and dry.
||residents1990; except Adjara (2002).
||Georgians, Abkhazians, Armenians, Russians
||Georgians, Adjars, Russians, Greeks
The census in 2002 showed that the population had fallen from 5.5 million. in
1989 to 4.4 million. or approximately 20%. The decline is due to declining birth
rates, high migration and the fact that the census could not be conducted in the
breakaway regions of Abkhazia and South Ossetia. The composition of the
population had also changed greatly, with the proportion of Georgians having
grown from 70% to 84%, while the proportion of Russians had fallen from 6% to
1.5%; there were almost no Abkhazians and Ossetians left, and the proportion of
Armenians and Azeris was almost unchanged at, respectively. 6% and 6.5%. The
three autonomous territories are formed on the basis of the ethnic groups
Adjars, Abkhazians and Ossetians. Here and in the country as a whole, there have
been political and ethnic tensions since the dissolution of the Soviet
Union. has led to significant migrations partly internally in the Transcaucasia.
Do you know how many people there are in Georgia? Check this site to see
population pyramid and resident density about this country.
The population is very unevenly distributed; the mountains and the eastern
steppes are sparsely populated. Two-thirds live in cities; the capital Tbilisi
alone houses a quarter of the population.
Agriculture has good conditions in the low-lying subtropical areas
with abundant rainfall, and Georgia is an ancient agricultural land. The
agricultural sector is being privatized, with 25% of the cultivated land being
in private hands and 30% being leased; it employs over a third of the workforce
and its share of GDP is 16% (2004). The cultivation is intensive and
versatile. During the Soviet era, the country supplied subtropical products to
the entire union, including citrus fruits, tobacco, cotton and corn. On the
mountain slopes there are large areas of tea, and the traditional viticulture
continues. Southeast of Tbilisi, large areas of irrigation from the Kura
River; here, among other things, wine, fruit and sugar beets. Forestry is
significant and supplies timber from eucalyptus and bamboo for the
manufacture of furniture and paper.
Mining is versatile; Georgia has large manganese deposits, but
production has decreased since 1992. Small oil fields are found on the Black
Sea, and the port city of Batumi with its oil refinery is the terminal for the
Transcaucasian oil pipeline from the large fields of Azerbaijan. In addition to
Tbilisi, Kutaisi and Rustavi are important industrial centers; here and
elsewhere there are serious environmental problems associated with mining and
The heavy rainfall in the mountains is exploited in several hydropower plants
on the rivers, but the country is partly dependent on energy imports from Russia
and Azerbaijan. The economic crisis in the country is reflected in
declining electricity production and energy imports.
Tourism. With its many natural parks, seaside resorts and spas,
Georgia was a favorite tourist area in Soviet times, not least the subtropical
Black Sea coast. After the dissolution of the Soviet Union and under the
impression of the turbulent conditions in the country, the tourism industry is
Georgia - language
The official language is Georgian. The language, written in its own ancient
alphabet, is also widely used as a minority language in Iran, Turkey and
Georgia adopted Christianity in the early 300-t.; the Georgian Church has
since been the country's national church through all political upheavals and is
today the largest denomination in the Georgian Republic. In addition, there are
some religious minorities with domicile rights in the country's history, such as
Jews, Armenian Christians, Muslims, Catholics, etc.