Ghana - Geography
Ghana - geography, Ghana has a tropical climate everywhere with fairly
constant temperatures throughout the year. The country can be divided into three
regions, which are mainly dependent on rainfall differences. To the south, there
are two rainy seasons, March-May and August-September; to the north there is
only one, May-August.
In the coastal region there is a fairly dry savannah area with
limited cultivation opportunities. Local wind conditions prevent the rainforest
from reaching the coast. Here, the capital, Accra, with the port city
of Tema spreads rapidly into the landscape. Agriculture in the region is
predominantly cattle breeding.
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The rainforest, by the way, dominates the southern part of the
country and covers more than half of the area here. The area is densely
populated and has intensive farming. The main foods are the tubers manioc
(cassava), yams and taro. In addition, corn and vegetables such as tomato,
onion, pepper, eggplant and okra are grown. There is a modest cattle herd as
grassland is sparse. Animals such as goats and poultry that feed on waste,
together with game, constitute the most important animal protein sources. Cocoa
was introduced as a sales crop in 1876. Cocoa exports began in 1891 and in 1911
Ghana was the world's largest exporter with 40,000 tonnes annually. It rose to
350,000 in the 1930's when diseases began to ravage the cocoa plants. In mid-1960
reaching annual production above 1/2 million. t; production
fell towards the 1990 half, but has since grown to record heights up to 3/4 million. The
entire production is exported and Ghana, which once had more than a third of
world production, now accounts for 10%.
The agricultural unit of operation is the family, which is both a producer
and a predominant consumer of production. The operation is based on moving land
use with welding technology. Population growth has meant that the quarrying
periods have been shortened, resulting in reduced production. Cocoa production
also stems from family use.
There is extensive felling of trees in the rainforest area, not least for
export. In addition, the fruits of the oil palm are important and there is a
modest rubber production. The heavy logging, together with the intensive
agricultural production, has led to extensive destruction of the
rainforest. Attempts to introduce new forms of farming, state and cooperative
farming have all failed.
The Northern Savannah covers 40% of the area and holds 20% of the
population, but contributes only 10% of GDP. Agriculture is the predominant
profession here and yams, cassava and cereals, especially millet, but also maize
and increasingly rice are grown. Cattle keeping is important. The mode of
operation is also here sweat use. The traditional agricultural implements, chop
and chopping knife, are replaced by beef plow. The use of manure from the cattle
has allowed the cultivation of the field fields to be made permanent.
Ghana has a very young population and a large population growth (2.1%, 2006),
which is however declining. The government has launched campaigns for better
family planning. The family is the main element of social life everywhere, and
it provides social security. The families are joined together in clans within
the ethnic groups. The relationship to this affords identity and social
insurance, but it can also create tension between the groups. The most important
groups are ga on the coastal savannah, ewe in the eastern
part, fanti along the coast to the west and ashanti in the
rain forest around Kumasi. In addition, there are a very large number of
smaller ethnic groups, including brown, ahafo and akimin the
rainforest and dagomba, mamprusi, konkomba and sisala in
Do you know how many people there are in Ghana? Check this site to see
population pyramid and resident density about this country.
Mining and other occupations
Gold mining has deep historical roots in the central forest region. Around
Obuasi, approximately 50 km south of Kumasi, gold is found in concentrations so high that
the world's richest square kilometers are spoken. Diamonds are extracted partly
by leaching from rivers and partly in a large plant at Akwatia. Manganese is
extracted at Nsuta north of Takoradi and there are large bauxite deposits. Salt
is recovered from the lagoons along the coasts.
The industry is very modest and predominantly aimed at the domestic
market. Textiles, furniture and canned goods are produced, and there are
breweries and smaller car assembly plants.
The central and eastern part of Ghana is made up of a large sandstone basin,
the Volta Basin. The Volta River has its origins in Burkina Faso and runs like
the Black, Red and White Volta north-south through this basin. The edges of the
basin form low mountains both to the north and to the south. Where Volta cuts
through the southernmost mountains, the 1963-65 Akosome settlement, which
covers the 8500 km 2, was constructedlarge Voltasø, one of the
world's largest artificial lakes. The associated hydropower plant supplies
electricity to all major cities and mines. The cities of Northern Ghana also
receive electricity from this, but consumption here is modest. However, the
large investments in the dam have proved extremely valuable to Ghana in light of
the energy crises. Drought sometimes causes problems for agriculture and
hydropower production, most recently 1998. In 1995, it was agreed to establish a
West African gas pipeline from Nigeria to Ghana; it is expected to be put into
operation in 2006. In addition, Ghana itself started natural gas production in
The rail network connects Accra, Kumasi and Takoradi. It passes the main
mines and the main cocoa and timber producing areas. In Northern Ghana, road
traffic is the only mode of transport. Work is underway to develop the transport
system on the extensive Voltasø.
Virtually all purchases are made in markets and along the streets, and women
dominate the trade. There are also a large number of crafts. The lack of
employment opportunities in agriculture and industry for the growing population
means that this so-called informal sector is growing strongly.
Ghana's first 40 years as an independent state have been marked by rapidly
changing governments and several military coups. Economic reforms and planning
initiatives did not have time to work until others were set in motion. Many
young people have moved to the cities where they are trying to cope with loose
jobs in small production and trade. They disengage from family and tribal
relationships and pose a growing threat to traditional social order. Their
hopeless future ties them into gangs based on crime and violence.
Ghana - language
Ghana - language, Speaking approximately 50 languages in Ghana,
all Nigerian-Kurdish. The Kwa languages akan, ewe and ga-adangme-krobo
are spoken by respectively. 39%, 11% and 6% of the population (2004). Gur
languages dagaari, dagbani, gurenne and kusaal are spoken
especially in the northern part of the country. The official language
Ghana - religion
Ghana - religion, The majority of the population is Christian, more or less
equally divided among Catholics and Protestants. approximately 15% are Muslims with the
highest prevalence in the northern part of the country, where also the
indigenous religions have retained a number of features that characterize
indigenous religions in Africa; see Africa (religion); scattered parts of it
are fused into the Christian conception of life and cult.