Guinea - geography
Guinea is the world's second largest bauxite producer (after Australia), and
a large part is smelted into aluminum in the country. The bauxite sector
dominates a small area around Boké and Fria towards the NW, and over 70% of the
country's exports come from the mining sector, but otherwise Guinea is an
agricultural country, characterized by large regional differences.
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The Fouta Djalon massif is the central region of the country, the Middle
Guinea. Here live the majority of the country's population; it is
especially peul (or fulani), which makes up the largest
ethnic group in Guinea (2.4 million). They are cattle breeders who take
advantage of the tropical climate with rich grazing opportunities for their
low-bred n'dama cattle. In addition, they grow grain on the slopes as well as
vegetables and rice in the valleys. The rainy season lasts from May to November,
when 2000 mm falls on average. The soil erosion is extensive and the large
amounts of precipitation create several spectacular waterfalls and form the
source rivers to the large West African rivers Senegal and Gambia. In the dry
season, the harmattan blowsfrom the Sahara, and the climate is relatively
cool. The mountains are divided by deep gorges and valleys with considerable
Basse Guinée is the 60 km wide coastal plain below Fouta
Djallon. The coast has many deep bays and wide estuaries overgrown with
mangroves; behind it is deciduous forest, the so-called guineasavanne. Here
live behind the people and the Muslim susu, who are farmers
with rice as their main crop. The climate is characterized by high humidity
throughout the year, and during the rainy season, 3000-4000 mm of rain falls. In
this region are the major bauxite deposits, and here lies the capital Conakry,
the country's only major city and the only city with a certain industrial
East of Fouta Djalon lies the Haute Guinée, a plateau that slopes
north and is drained by the source rivers of Niger. On the plateau there is
savannah, and malinké farms here with rice and millet as the main
crops. In some places, gold and diamonds are mined.
To the SE, on the border of Côte d'Ivoire and Liberia, lies the rainforest
region, Guinée Forestière, with Mt. Nimba (1752 m). The scattered
population is made up of a number of smaller peoples. Agriculture and logging
are pushing back the rainforest.
Guinea - population
Population growing by just over 2.5% per year (2006). The birth rate is high,
the women get on average. 5-6 children, but infant mortality is among the
highest in the world. Up to 10% of children die within the first year of
life. Similarly, life expectancy is only 53.5 years (2005).
Do you know how many people there are in Guinea? Check this site to see
population pyramid and resident density about this country.
Guinea - language
Guinea - language, spoken approx. 25 Niger-Kordofan languages in the country,
half of the male, half of the West Atlantic language family. Most important is fulani,
spoken by approx. 40%, and the male languages maninka and susu,
spoken by resp. 25 and 10% of the population. French is the official language.