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Zip Code Map: H

Zip Code Map: H

Alphabetical listing of zip code directory starting with letter H. You may notice that some cities share exactly the same name but located within different states. For detail, please click on the link below to see each city beginning with H.

Harlem (Manhattan)

Harlem neighborhood of Manhattan. It is located in the city of New York (New York) in the United States, its area is bounded by 96th Street to the south, Morningside Heights to the west, Spanish Harlem (El Barrio) to the east and 155th Street to the north. Known by the natives as Muscoota (or plain) in 1658 it was baptized as Nieuw Haarlem (New Harlem) by the Dutch governor Peter Stuyvesant (the Dutch were the first to occupy the neighborhood) in honor of the Dutch city of Haarlem. Years later, in 1664, it was the English who took control of the Dutch colony, baptizing it as Harlem.

History

Harlem is a neighborhood located north of Manhattan in New York City. The first human settlement in what is now known as Harlem was made by the Dutch and was baptized in 1658 with the name Nieuw Haarlem ('New Haarlem'), in honor of the Dutch city of Haarlem. In 1664, the British took control of the Dutch colony and christened the town Harlem.

In the 19th century, Harlem was a place full of farms, like the one owned by James Roosevelt east of Fifth Avenue between 110 and 125 streets. Today, it is the center of the Hispanic area of Harlem, the so-called Spanish Harlem or Harlem Hispano or El Barrio. At the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century, African Americans, due to their economic problems, began to move from the southern states to the north of the country and found refuge precisely in Harlem, thanks to the low rents present in the district.

Since 1920 it has been one of the largest centers of residence for many African-Americans, currently estimated to make up 72% of the population. Although the name is sometimes used to refer to the entire northern section of the island of Manhattan, Harlem is traditionally bounded by 96th Street to the south, the Hudson River to the west, and 155th Street on the border with the Bronx ( some point to 160th Street as the boundary) along with the Harlem River to the north and the East River to the east. It currently has a population of approximately 215,000 people.

The first African Americans to arrive in Harlem did so in the early 20th century, their number having quadrupled in 1919. In the 1920s, Harlem was the center of the flourishing of an African-American culture known as the #Harlem Renaissance. It was a time of artistic creations like jazz, whose shows - ironically - were offered almost exclusively to white people. At the well-known Cotton Club, a Harlem club that found its heyday during and after the Prohibition era, despite the fame of African-American artists who frequently played there, people from African-American race.

Social development

Harlem Renaissance

The Harlem Renaissance was the revival of American art during the 1920s and early 1930s, led by the neighborhood's African-American community. Jazz music, literature and painting stood out significantly among the artistic creations of the main components of this artistic movement:

In the early 1920s three key works showcased the new African-American literary creativity. Harlem Shadows (1922) by Claude McKay, became one of the first African-American works published by a major publishing house with a national reach. Cane (1923), by Jean Toomer, is an experimental novel that combines poetry and prose to depict rural southern and urban life in northern America for black Americans. Finally, Confusion (1924), Jessie Fauset's first novel, depicts the life of the African American middle class from a woman's point of view.

These three works being the literary foundations, there were also three events between 1924 and 1926 that launched the Harlem Renaissance. The first occurred on March 21, 1924, when National Urban League member Charles S. Johnson hosted a dinner to recognize emerging African-American literary talent and introduce young writers to New York's literary elite. Thanks to this dinner, Survey Graphic, a journal of social analysis and criticism that was interested in cultural pluralism, published an issue on Harlem in March 1925. The lead article was on defining the aesthetics of African American literature and art, and was prepared by an African American philosopher and professor of literature named Alain Locke. Later, Locke expanded the number by publishing the anthology The New Negro. The second major event was the publication of Nigger Heaven (1926) by the white novelist Carl Van Vechten. The book was very popular and depicted life in Harlem, despite being offensive to some African Americans.

Harlem helped shape the artistic expression of the 20th century and today plays a vital role in the world of arts and culture. From blues and jazz to poetry, literature, and the visual and performing arts, Harlem has been home to innovative concepts for many decades.

Today, the arts community is still very vibrant in Harlem. The jazz traditional and contemporary music found new audiences in the historic jazz clubs. New art gallery spacesand studios have taken root in West Harlem, and hundreds of local artists support each other through organizations like the Harlem Arts Alliance. At the Apollo Theater, stars are still born and legends are made. These are just a few examples of the creative community at work in Harlem today. Neighborhood residents come together in other ways as well. Civic engagement thrives in West Harlem, from the community board and local schools, to faith-based, philanthropic, and other community-based organizations.

There are several religious institutions in Harlem: Greek Orthodox Churches and Roman Catholic Churches, including the Holy Rosary of East Harlem and the traditional Russian Orthodox Church. It is possible to find Baptist churches throughout Harlem, one of the best known is "Antioch Baptist Church" where choirs, music and dance are the ingredients of a good mass or gospel service.

 

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