Haiti - geography
A large part of Haiti consists of two peninsulas respectively. north and
south of Gonâve Bay; the capital Port-au-Prince is located at the bottom of
this. Everywhere the landscape is mountainous; three chains of west-east
orientation continue into the neighboring country, the Dominican
Republic. Lowlands are found mainly on the north coast and at the mouth of the
river Artibonite. The climate is tropical and humid, but is moderated by cool
sea winds and in the heights.
Hurricanes regularly hit the country in the hottest time from August. In
2004, more than 3,000 people died as a result of Hurricane Jeannes. Droughts can
result in extensive damage to agriculture, and the country has experienced
actual famine several times in history; Haiti remains a frequent recipient of
international food aid.
In January 2010, Haiti was hit by a powerful earthquake with epicenter near
Port-au-Prince, measured at 7.0 on the Richter scale, costing over 220,000 lives
and 1.5 million people. homeless people.
Population and occupation
Haiti is densely populated and its population is growing at over 2% per year
despite significant emigration; many Haitians are illegal immigrants to the
United States and the Dominican Republic.
Do you know how many people there are in Haiti? Check this site to see
population pyramid and resident density about this country.
The vast majority of the population is of pure African descent, while 5% are
of mixed African and European descent; whites make up a very small minority. The
native Native American population of Hispaniola perished in the 1600's. after the
arrival of the Spaniards.
In the 1900's. the minority of mixed African and European descent came to
constitute the politically and economically dominant elite, and there are
striking social differences between the black population and the mixed and white
Development aid, from the United States, is an important item in the
Haitian economy; the country is considered among the world's 25 least
developed. The persistent political unrest since the days of slavery is only
part of the explanation; another is a prolonged and very extensive erosion of
the natural basis.
The former forested land is now largely deforested, and erosion in the
mountainous terrain with heavy rainfall is a huge problem. Deforestation has
taken place partly to include arable land for the growing population, and partly
to provide firewood in a country without significant energy raw materials.
Agriculture covers half of the area, and over 70% of the population lives in
the countryside. The main crops are corn, rice, bananas and sweet potatoes; for
export, coffee, sugar cane, sisal and cocoa are grown.
The industrial sector is characterized by foreign (American) tax-favored
light industry, which manufactures electronics, clothing, baseballs and
other products that can utilize cheap, unskilled labor. A large part is
exported, but the imports of especially fuels, food and consumer goods far
exceed the exports, and Haiti has very big debt problems.
Home Extensions from the 1 1/2 million. Haitians
working abroad make an important contribution to the balance of payments, and
following a setback in the political turmoil since the 1980's, tourism is on the
All types of infrastructure are only weakly developed. The country has no
railways and only 600 km of roads in reasonable condition. In 1982, UNESCO added
the Sans Souci Imperial Palace, located in the north of the country, to
the World Heritage List. The facility was built shortly after the country's
independence as a residence and fortress for Henri Christophe, who in 1811
proclaimed himself Emperor Henri I of Haiti.
- SONGAAH.COM: Are you interested in song associated with Haiti? Here is
where you can see song lyrics and singer about this country.
Haiti - language
The official languages are French and since 1987 French Creole, also called
Haitian. The Creole language, which is characterized by the fact that the
vocabulary is almost exclusively of French origin, while the grammar is very
different from the French, is the mother tongue of more than 90% of the
population. Haiti is the only Francophone country in which the Creole language
is the official language. Radio and television programs are broadcast in both
French and Creole, while the press and teaching are French-dominated.
Haiti - religion
Ca. 90% of the population are baptized as Catholics; approximately 10% are Protestants,
especially Baptists. However, the vast majority of the population also belongs
to voodoo, a syncretistic religion, ie. mixed with elements of Catholicism and
African religions, especially ancestral worship, ecstasy, shamanism, and various
magical notions (see African Americans). The official church has taken a
somewhat volatile approach to voodoo, but most often regarded it as "satanic",
purely superstitious phenomena.