Kenya - geography
Kenya - geography, Kenya is on average quite densely populated by African
conditions, but there are major regional differences. The northern third is
covered by shrubs and desert with a few scattered nomadic populations. Also, a
wide belt within the coast and towards the border with Tanzania is sparsely
populated. The majority of the population and economic activity is found in a
narrow coastal belt around Mombasa and not least in The White Highlands and
the other high-lying areas of central and western Kenya. The development here
has been predominantly in the 1900's. and with the construction of the railroad
from Mombasa to Lake Victoria and Uganda (1889-1905) as a prerequisite. The
capital of Nairobiemerged as a labor camp in connection with the railway
building. The railroad was followed by a great deal of immigration to the large,
fertile and then spreading populated areas, especially from Britain and the
colonies, but also from other countries. Among the many settlers was Karen
Blixen, whose African farm outside Nairobi is now a museum (Karen House).
Kenya has had a very large population growth for many years. In the 1980's,
the birth rate was 54 ‰, the highest in the world; it has fallen to less than 40
NIS in the 1990's, but Kenya's population remains very young. Almost the entire
population is black Africans; Asians, Europeans, and Arabs together make up less
than 2%, living predominantly in cities. The black population is spread across a
wide range of ethnic groups, each with its own language. The main strains are kikuyu (21%), luhya (14%), luo (13%), kamba (11%)
and kalenjin (10%). Asians (especially descendants of Indian coalies
from the railway construction) and Arabs (especially in coastal cities) play a
key role in business.
Do you know how many people there are in Kenya? Check this site to see
population pyramid and resident density about this country.
No less than 85% of the population lives in the countryside. Large areas east
of Lake Victoria, in the Rifth Highlands and on the coast are intensively
cultivated and densely populated. Only Nairobi (1.5 million) and Mombasa (0.5
million) are real cities. The vast majority of provincial cities have arisen in
connection with the district division and administration of the colonial power.
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After World War II Kenya has experienced significant economic growth,
including based on foreign investment and on the export crops from plantations
and large-scale agriculture in The White Highlands.
Agriculture is the dominant industries and employs 3/4 of
the workforce; more than half are self-sufficiency, but many farmers are among
others. through cooperatives, participants in the important and growing exports
of coffee and tea in particular. approximately 7% of the area is cultivated, while a much
larger area is utilized with varying intensity for the country's very large
livestock holdings. 12-13 million PCS. cattle. The crops vary with the natural
conditions, but maize is a dominant crop in most places. In addition, in the
lowland cassava, sugar cane, sisal, pineapple, cotton and cashew nuts and in the
highlands coffee, tea, pyrethrum (for the production of insecticides), potatoes
Mining. Kenya has only a few mineral deposits. Soda is utilized from
Lake Magadis in the Rift Valley, while energy supplies are predominantly based
on imports. A large oil refinery in Mombasa supplies both Kenya and Uganda with
oil products. Hydroelectric power on the Tana River covers a small part of the
Industry. Kenya's industry is versatile and targets the domestic
market. The vast majority are in the two major cities, and much is established
with foreign capital. The largest industries are oil, cement and textiles
besides many companies in the food sector. In total, the industry contributes
10% of GDP.
Tourism is an important source of revenue for foreign currency, and
the sector is estimated to contribute approximately 10% of the country's GDP. In the
late 1990's and early 2000's. tourism was hampered by widespread corruption and
crime, as well as by terrorist attacks in 1998 and 2002. per year.
Climate is characterized by the high altitude differences and the monsoon
winds from the Indian Ocean. Most rainfall gets the mountain areas (over 1500
mm), while the northern part of the country gets below 250 mm. Particularly east
of the Rift Valley, the rain falls mainly in two rainy seasons, from March-April
to May-June and from September-October to November-December. The temperature
fluctuates only slightly during the year, but much with the height. Nairobi at
1800 m altitude has a pleasant climate with average temperatures of 16-19 °C
year-round, while it is significantly warmer on the coast, in the lowlands and
on Lake Victoria.
The main line of the transport system is the main road and railroad from
Mombasa over Nairobi to Uganda. The course has branches to several major cities
and the road network in this part of Kenya is quite dense and of good
quality. The rest of the country has no railways and only a sparse road
network. Nairobi International Airport is one of Africa's most important.
Kenya - language
Kenya - languages, In Kenya, 60-70 languages are spoken. More than half
are Bantu languages, eg kikuyu, luhya and kamba. Of
the greater Nilotic languages may be mentioned luo and kalenjin,
of Cushitic, for example, Somali; moreover, a number of indigenous
languages such as Gujarati and Hindi are
spoken. Swahili and English are official languages.
Kenya - religion
Kenya - Religion, Since the year 1900, when the majority of the population
was in favor of traditional African religions, the Christian churches have had a
great growth; approximately 82% of the population is considered Christian (1990). The
Roman Catholic Church is the largest (26%); there are many Protestant churches,
such as Anglicans, Baptists and Pentecostal churches, a total of 45% of the
population. Furthermore, there are independent African churches and sects (11%),
which often represent a mixture of traditional religion and Christianity. The
traditional African religions especially have followers in ethnic groups who are
nomads. Kenya approximately 6% of Muslims live mainly in the coastal area and in
northeastern Kenya. There are also supporters of Bahaism, Hinduism, etc. Kenya
has religious freedom.