Mandan (North Dakota)
City located in Morton County in the US state of North Dakota. In the
2010 Census it had a population of 18,331 residents and a population
density of 635.91 people per km². It is a city on the eastern border of
Morton County and is the seventh largest city in North Dakota. Founded
in 1879 on the west side of the upper Missouri River, it was designated
in 1881 as the county seat of Morton County. Located across the Missouri
River from the state capital of Bismarck, Mandan is a central city of
the Bismarck-Mandan Metropolitan Statistical Area.
The city is named after the historic Mandan Indian of the Area. The
Mandan are now part of the Three Tribes affiliated with the Fort
Berthold reservation, which spans the upper Missouri River in the
western part of the state. Its people also live in cities of the state
and other areas. In the 2010 census, nearly five percent of the people
in Mandan City identified as Native American. The Indian village of
Mandan located at the southern base of Crying Hill, prominent in eastern
Mandan today, was recorded as early as [[1738 ○ 3] and is known as the
Good Fur Robe village, named after its chief. This settlement would also
be recorded as the town of Crying Hill, as well as the town of Two Face
Stone, after their corresponding geographic features. The village was
one of six Mandan villages on the west bank of the river between
present-day Knife River and the Cannonball River.
Mandan has a total area of 28.83 km², of which 28.56 km² correspond
to the mainland and 0.26 km² is water.
According to the 2010 census, there were 18,331 people residing in
Mandan. The population density was 635.91 residents / km². Of the 18,331
residents, made up of 91.72% white, 0.61% were African American, 4.93%
were Amerindian, 0.22% were Asian, 0.08% were Pacific Islanders, 0.47%
were of other races and 1.96% belonged to two or more races. Of the
total population, 1.77% were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 7,632 households, of which 31.6% had children under 18
living with them, 48.4% were married couples living together, 11.5% had
a female head of the household without a husband present, 4.6 % had a
male head of the family without a wife present and 35.5% were not
families. 28.9% of all families were made up of individuals and 10.5%
had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average
household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.89.
The average age in the city was 37.2 years. 23.9% of the residents
were under 18 years of age; 8.2% were between 18 and 24 years old; 27.3%
were from 25 to 44; 27.2% were between 45 and 64 years old; and 13.2%
were 65 years or older. The gender composition of the city was 49.2%
male and 50.8% female.
The region is characterized by large seasonal differences
in temperature, with hot to hot (and often humid) summers and cold
(sometimes very cold) winters. According to the Köppen Climate
Classification system, Mandan has a humid continental climate. During
the course of the year, the temperature generally ranges from -15 ° C to
29 ° C and rarely drops below -26 ° C or rises above 35 ° C. The best
time of year to visit Mandan for tourists is from the end of June to the
end of August
The origin of the city was to support the operation of the North
Pacific Railroad. The first plan documents were archived in 1873.
In 1881 a rail division headquarters and major maintenance facility was
established in Mandan to support operation from the Missouri
River westward to the Yellowstone River near Glendive, Montana. The
North Pacific became part of the 1970 merger into the Burlington
Northern Railroad; in 1995 part of the new Burlington Northern Santa Fe
Railroad. Known since 2005 As the BNSF Railroad, it operates the
railroad facilities in Mandan and the surrounding communities today.
More than 320 BNSF employees are based in Mandan.