OFFICIAL NAME: Principality of Monaco
CAPITAL CITY: Monaco
POPULATION: 37,550 (2016)
AREA: 2 km²
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE (S): French, Ligurian (Italian dialect), Monegasque (Provencal dialect),
RELIGION: Catholics 90%, others 10%
CURRENCY CODE: EUR
ENGLISH NAME: Monaco
POPULATION COMPOSITION: French 9286 residents, Monegasques 8378 residents, Italians 2795
residents, British 2795 residents, Swiss 1187 residents, Danes 248
residents, other nationalities (2016)
GDP PER residents: 69,000 euros (2015)
LIFE EXPECTANCY: men 82.1 years, women 88.2 years (2015)
INTERNET DOMAIN NAME: .mc
Monaco, principality on the French Mediterranean coast 10 km east
of Nice. The country with the modest extent of approximately 3 km along the coast and
a few hundred meters in width are sought by wealthy people as tourist
destinations and tax havens. In practice, the area is an integral part of
The flag of Monaco is a trade flag, the trunk flag, which is also used as a
national flag. The flag was officially introduced in 1881. The colors come from
the coat of arms of the Grimaldis family, which is known from the 1300's. The
state flag is white with the Grimaldieres coat of arms in the middle.
The entire area of the country is fully developed and is part of the almost
unbroken buildings along the Côte d'Azur. The railway is laid in a tunnel under
the land. Seaworthy expansions are possible, and in 2002, yacht capacity doubled
with a large floating pier. On a rocky peninsula lies the capital Monaco with
the princely castle and a famous oceanographic museum.
In the Monte Carlo district is the famous casino that contributes to the
country's income. Residents do not usually pay taxes. This and a zealously
guarded banking secret have attracted wealthy newcomers, and a large part of the
buildings are made up of luxury homes.
Business is dominated by tourism, which is animated by numerous congresses as
well as sporting and cultural events. Particularly well known is the annual car
race through Europe, the Monte Carlo Rally, as well as the Formula 1
race Monaco Grand Prix through the city streets. A cosmetics and pharmaceutical
industry has emerged, and the economy is thus less dependent on the casino than
Monaco's constitution, which dates from 1911, was modified in 1917 and newly
written in 1962. Monaco is a hereditary principality that has been under French
protection since 1861. The legislative power lies with the prince and a national
council of 24 members, who are elected for five years by general election; the
prince has the executive power along with a government headed by a prime
The official language is French, which is the mother tongue of the majority
of the population. The Occitan dialect Monegasque and the Italian Ligurian are
each spoken by approximately 15%.
The Roman Catholic Church is a state church, and approximately 90% of the
population belongs to this. In addition, there are
especially Anglicans and Reformed.
Do you know how many people there are in Monaco? Check this site to see
population pyramid and resident density about this country.
The education system is very similar to the French, see France (education),
but also includes subjects such as the history of the principality and the
Monegasque language. The public school system is compulsory for 6-16-year-olds
and includes a five-year primary school for 6-11-year-olds. The superstructure
is seven-year with a four-year and a three-year level. At the last level,
students are divided into a general and a technical line.
In addition to the public education system, there is an extensive private
school system, which occupies approximately one third of each vintage.
Higher education in nursing, trade, industry, hotel and banking takes place
in Monaco, while university education takes place mainly at French universities.
Monaco was founded by the Phoenicians and came in 500-tfKr. under Massalia
(Marseille). In the Roman Empire, Monaco enjoyed great prosperity. I
600-t. the area became part of the Lombard kingdom, and later it became part of
the kingdom of Arles. When the Saracens attacked the Ligurian coast, Monaco
came under Muslim rule.
In the late 900-t. the Genoese family Grimaldi came into possession of the
area, and in 1297 they gained a real dominion as princes of Monaco. During the
1500-t. the principality was mainly under Spanish control and in the
1600's. under French domination. After the Congress of Vienna in 1815, Monaco
fell to the Kingdom of Sardinia. In 1861 it gained its present independent
principality status under French protection. Tax exemption was introduced in
Prince Rainier III died in 2005 after 56 years in power and was succeeded by
his son, Prince Albert II.