North Korea (Geography)
North Korea's population is ethnically very homogeneous, predominantly Korean. Many
families were separated at the ceasefire in 1953, and there have been virtually
no contacts between the Koreans in North and South Korea since. On the other
hand, there is some contact with the ethnic Koreans in Japan, descendants of
those who were transferred there during the Japanese occupation of 1910-45. The
North Koreans have lived in a very closed society since 1953. They have no
possibility of contact with the outside world via radio, television or
telephone, and all forms of personal contact, including within the country, are
closely monitored. The country is divided into a large number of districts,
which at road checks are completely separated from each other. Travel between
districts can only take place upon application. All forms of enlightenment and
information are under state control and must be characterized by Western eyes as
massive indoctrination. The most important element of this is the worship of Kim
Il-Sung as the father of the country, as "The Great Leader" and "the source of
the country's glorious victorious, revolutionary development". In the official
propaganda, it is increasingly downplayed that he actually died in 1994. He is
embalmed in a magnificent complex, where also his favorite car stands, a
Mercedes 600. Also the worship of his son Kim Jong-Il, "The Dear Leader" was of
almost religious stature, and it is expected that also Kim Jong-Un, "The Great
Successor," the newest leader of the dynasty Kim Il-Sung founded, will be the
subject of extensive cult of personality.
Do you know how many people there are in North Korea? Check this site to see
population pyramid and resident density about this country.
In the first 10-15 years after the war, a very rapid reconstruction of the
country was carried out on the basis of a tight planned economy. In large-scale
campaigns, cities were rebuilt, agricultural production expanded, and a number
of large industries were established; at the same time, efforts were made to
expand the education and health sectors. In the late 1990's, most of it seems to
be in ruins, not least after the country was hit by a series of natural
disasters in 1994-97: first extensive floods, then a drought year and in 1997
dike eruptions, which led to the salinization of large agricultural areas. But
even before these external circumstances arose, there were problems feeding the
population. Agriculture is organized into state and collective farms, which are
only weakly mechanized. The form of cultivation is very intensive and
labor-intensive with extensive use of natural fertilizers, including compost, as
there is insufficient fertilizer production. The main crops are rice and corn.
North Korea has a number of mineral deposits, including large coal reserves,
but no known oil sources of significance. The energy supply is completely
inadequate and the electricity grid often fails. Industrial production has
fallen as it is difficult to maintain the factory equipment that was delivered
from the Eastern Bloc. Contributing to the difficulty of industrial development
is the lack of currency and the dominant role of the military in society. Very
large resources are reserved for the arms industry, which operates in the
deepest secrecy; with the experience of the Korean War air bombardments, the
main factories and virtually all military installations are built
underground. In the 1990's, North Korea developed short- and medium-range
missiles, including for export.
The infrastructure is very weakly developed. Private means of
transport are largely unknown in North Korea, and the ambitious public transport
plans have largely collapsed, e.g. due to lack of fuel and spare parts. Both in
the cities and in the countryside, the traffic picture is completely dominated
by people on foot and by the vehicles of the military and the state and party
apparatus. For natural geography, see Korea.
Are you interested in song associated with North Korea? Here is where you
can see song lyrics and singer about this country.
North Korea - language
Official language is Korean, which differs in writing from South Korean in
that it does not use Chinese characters, but only hangul. The separation
between North Korea and South Korea has meant that differences in language use
have arisen, but not to an extent that prevents mutual understanding.
North Korea - economy
After the Korean War, North Korea was transformed into a planned economic
society based on Kim Il-Sung's juche ideology, which emphasizes
the importance of self-sufficiency and independence from the outside
world. Until the end of the Cold War, however, North Korea was economically and
politically closely linked to China and the Soviet Union in particular, although
the country did not participate in, for example, COMECON cooperation.
Like many other socialist countries, North Korea experienced significant
economic progress until the mid-1970's, but since then the country has been
characterized by low growth and recession.
Thus, in 1993, the government had to admit for the first time that the
objectives of the seven-year plan could not be met, and the period 1994-96 was
then declared an official adjustment period, giving high priority to
agriculture, light industry and foreign trade.
The recession of these years was not least due to the collapse of the Soviet
Union in 1991 and the death of Kim Il-Sung in 1994, which left the country in an
economic and political vacuum.
In 1991, a market economy experiment was started with the establishment of an
economic free zone in Rajin-Sonbong. Foreign companies could establish
themselves here, but the experiment was not an immediate success and was not
further expanded until 1997 with permission for North Koreans to run a private
company in the region.
At the same time, a dual exchange rate system was introduced, with the
currency, won, being devalued sharply for economic transactions with foreign
countries from the free zone, while the official exchange rate was maintained
within the country. Pga. However, the socio-economic effects of the improvement
in competitiveness are limited.
North Korea maintains a costly military apparatus, and investments in the
productive industries have long been neglected. From the mid-1990's, there has
been an almost chronic food shortage; millions survive on aid from the UN and
bilateral donors (China, South Korea and the United States), and it is estimated
that other millions have died of starvation.
North Korea's nuclear weapons program has been repeatedly slashed in return
for increased aid; conversely, aid has been suspended in protest against nuclear
activities. The country is accused of participating in international drug
North Korea has a trade deficit and a large external debt. The main trading
partners are China, Thailand, Japan and South Korea. Denmark's exports to North
Korea in 2005 amounted to DKK 67 million. DKK, while imports from there were 11