OFFICIAL NAME: Serenissima Repubblica di San Marino (The clearest republic of San Marino)
CAPITAL CITY: San Marino
POPULATION: 32,570 (2012)
AREA: 61 km²
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE (S): Italian
RELIGION: Catholics 90%, Jehovah's Witnesses 1%, others 9%
CURRENCY CODE: EUR
ENGLISH NAME: San Marino
Samaritans 83%, Italians 12%, others 5%
GDP PER residents: $ 34600 (2007)
LIFE EXPECTANCY: men 78 years, women 85 years (2005)
INDEX OF LIVING CONDITIONS, HDI: -
INDEX OF LIVING CONDITIONS, POSITION: -
INTERNET DOMAIN NAME: .sm
San Marino, independent republic on the mountain slope Monte Titano (739 m)
in northern Italy 20 km SW of Rimini. The mountain state has a customs union,
currency, foreign policy, etc. common with Italy, but acts under international
taxation as an international tax haven and is not a member of the EU. San Marino
is one of the richest countries in the world; there is great economic growth and
unemployment is low. San Marino is visited annually by 3 million. tourists; main
business is in addition to tourism trade and finance business as well as the
production of handicrafts. In the 1980's, a university was established.
Do you know how many people there are in San Marino? Check this site to see
population pyramid and resident density about this country.
The flag was officially adopted in 1862, but it dates back to 1797. The
colors come from the country's coat of arms, the origin of which is to be sought
in the 1300's. The white color represents the snow on Monte Titano and the clouds
over it, the blue stands for the sky.
The Constitution of the Republic of San Marino is based on the statutes of
1600. The form of government is parliamentary. Legislative power lies with a
parliament (the Grand and General Council) with 60 members, who are elected by
direct election every five years. Every six months, the council appoints two capitani; they
are chairmen of parliament, heads of state and heads of government and cannot be
reappointed until after three years. Parliament appoints ten of its members to a
Council of Ministers, which is the central body of the executive. They each head
their own ministry.
According to legend, San Marino was founded in the early 300-t. of St.
Marinus, who was on the run from Diocletian's Christian persecution. The area
belonged to the estate which the Frankish kings handed over to the pope in the
700's; a monastery on the site is mentioned in 885. The town by the monastery
developed through the acquisition of neighboring villages into a city-state or
urban municipality. It has managed to retain its independence almost
continuously since the 1100's. despite attempts at interference or annexation
first from various princely houses, The Malate family in Rimini and the
Dukes of Urbino, since the Church State. San Marino can thus be seen as a last
remnant of feudal Italy; independence was recognized at the unification of Italy
in the 1860's, although the republic is in most respects Italian.