Turkmenistan is the most interesting country in Central Asia. This country is the ancestor of many cultures and traditions. The Great Silk Road passed through it. The culture of Turkmenistan is simply full of ancient monuments. The population of the country preserves its centuries-old culture with originality and care. Colorful nature gave this corner unique landscapes and various natural complexes. Lifeless deserts are interspersed with beautiful mountain landscapes. Green oases flow into the endless landscape of the sea coast.
Geography of Turkmenistan
According to listofusnewspapers, Turkmenistan is a state in Central Asia. Neighbors of Turkmenistan in the south: Afghanistan and Iran. In the north: Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan. The west of the country is washed by the Caspian Sea. The Karakum desert occupies most of the country. Off the coast of the Caspian Sea is the Gulf of Kara-Bogaz-Gol. Its unique feature is that it is 35 meters below sea level. Turkmenistan is a mountainous country. In the south and south-west of the country are the mountains of Kopetdag and Paropamiz. So there is one of the largest salt lakes – Sarykamysh. The main river of Turkmenistan is the Amu Darya. Of the natural resources that the country has, these are non-ferrous metals, rare earth metals, oil, gas, and rock salts. The vegetation in the deserts consists mainly of saxaul, kandym and various other shrubs. The hot dunes of the desert are sometimes covered with greenery after the autumn rains. The most interesting for the traveler is the vegetation of the mountains. Tugai forests grow along the rivers. Trees: turagni, silver sucker. The fauna of Turkmenistan is also diverse. More than 90 mammals live in the mountains and deserts of the country – these are rare animals – kulan, leopard, snow leopard, saiga, argali. Pelicans and flamingos can be found among 300 species of birds. A unique natural area is the Er-0ylan-Duz basin, the bottom of which is filled with a salt lake and salt marshes. The whole landscape is complemented by long-extinct ancient volcanoes. Pelicans and flamingos can be found among 300 species of birds. A unique natural area is the Er-0ylan-Duz basin, the bottom of which is filled with a salt lake and salt marshes. The whole landscape is complemented by long-extinct ancient volcanoes. Pelicans and flamingos can be found among 300 species of birds. A unique natural area is the Er-0ylan-Duz basin, the bottom of which is filled with a salt lake and salt marshes. The whole landscape is complemented by long-extinct ancient volcanoes.
The area of the country is 491,200 km²
About 4,884,887 people live on the territory of Turkmenistan.
The official currency is Manat (TMT).
Official language – Turkmen
Need. Available at the consulate
Turkmenistan has a very arid climate. In January, the temperature reaches + 4 degrees in the south of the country and – 5 in the north-east. There were cases of frosts down to – 22. In the desert, the temperature dropped to 20 – 32 degrees Celsius. In the summer months, the temperature is kept within + 28 C in the northeast and near the Caspian Sea. In the south, the heat reaches +34C. If you want to visit the mountains, then the temperature there rarely reaches +17 C. In the center of the country, in the desert regions, the degree heats up to +50 in the sun. But at sunset, the heat drops to + 15 – 17C. Frosts are frequent in the desert regions in spring and autumn. The rainy season in Turkmenistan falls on the winter period, when up to 77 mm of rain falls. Precipitation is rare in summer, and in the Karakum Desert in summer it does not happen at all. In winter, air humidity is not more than 60%. The sharply continental climate of Turkmenistan is characterized by strong faiths – cold from the side of Kazakhstan (in winter), and hot from the mountain slopes (in summer). The best time to travel is spring and autumn. April June. September – November.
220V/50Hz (C/E sockets)
The main religion of Turkmenistan is Islam. This is the first state in Asia, which began to officially profess this religion. But the faith in this region is slightly different and has distinct differences. Many centuries before Islam, tribal relations developed in the country, and these relations sometimes strongly contradict religious scriptures. In cities and in remote areas, all Turkmen are clearly divided into different tribal groups. Each of the groups has its own dialect, style of embroidery, decoration. All groups are easily distinguished by clothing, but also have a huge number of other signs that are less noticeable to the eye.
Among the Asian states, Turkmenistan is the safest country for tourists. Even in Ashgabat, the largest city in Turkmenistan, the crime rate is low. And crimes against citizens of other states are generally rare. There are frequent cases of theft in a crowd of people. Pickpockets do not sleep. Do not leave your belongings, documents, money unattended. This country is quite poor, and therefore crime is mostly theft. At night, it is better not to visit remote areas. Some of them are generally closed to foreigners. There is practically no theft in the provinces. You can only stumble upon beggars, or beggars. If you don’t know the area, it’s best to travel around with the help of a guide. The police of Turkmenistan are most often benevolent. She does her job well. But to communicate with her, it is best to provide a passport.
Among the sands of the Karakum, in an oasis in the east of Turkmenistan, there is a kidney sanatorium. Only 800 meters from Bairam-Ali. 20 km from the airport of the city of Mary. The special microclimate of the sanatorium has a good effect on vacationers in it. The sanatorium was opened in 1933 thanks to Professor V.A. Aleksandrov. It is intended for the treatment of renal patients. The sanatorium has two four-storey dormitory buildings. One medical building. The resort has single and double rooms. Three meals a day, excursions to the historical places of Turkmenistan, as well as cultural events are organized.