Alabama History

Alabama History

According to anylistintheus, Alabama is a state in the United States. The largest city is Birmingham with 242,820 residents in the year 2000. The capital is Montgomery.

The state borders Tennessee to the north, Georgia to the east, Florida and the Gulf of Mexico to the south, and the Mississippi to the west.

The Native Americans who inhabited the area include Alabama, Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, Koasati and Mobile.Trade with people from the northeast via the Ohio River took place early and continued until the Europeans colonized America.

TIMELINE:

1519 – Alonzo Alvarez de Piñeda explores the Gulf of Mexico, including the Gulf of Mobile.

1539-41 – Hernando de Soto explores the Southeast; met Chief Tuskaloosa at the Battle of Maubila.

1559-61 – Don Tristán de Luna tries to establish a Spanish colony, but fails.

1702 – The Le Moyne brothers found the first European settlement, Fort Louis de la Mobile, on the Mobile River.

1717 – Fort Toulouse is established on the Coosa River to create trade with the Indians.

1721 – The ship Africane sails into the port of Mobile, carrying over 100 slaves.

1780 – The Spaniards take over Mobile during the American Revolution.

1805-06 – The whites began to settle on the land of the Indians.

1813-14 – Creek Civil War begins.

1814 – General Andrew Jackson defeats the Creek Indians.

1819 – Alabama becomes the 22nd state in the United States.

1820-40 – Over 150,000 slaves were brought to Alabama. In 1832, the Alabama Legislature gave up restricting the slave trade.

1833 – Meteor showers ( Leonids ) cause the observation to be called ” the night stars fell on Alabama

1836-37 – Second Creek Civil War ; The Battle of Hobdy’s Bridge was the last Native American battle in Alabama.

1846 – Montgomery elected capital. Three years later, the city is destroyed by fire.

1861-65 – During the American Civil War part of Alabama big tab.Fra 1862-65 was Jefferson Davis, first and only president of the Confederate States of America ( the South ). The Fort Pillow Massacre took place on April 12, 1864. From May 2-9, 1865, the Confederacy of Alabama surrenders and slavery ends.

1909 – The Wright brothers form a flying school outside Montgomery ; the cotton beetle ( Anthonomus grandis ) destroys the cotton crop.

1931 – The Scottsboro Boys, were nine young African Americans who were innocently punished for rape. A jury found them guilty even though the woman who had nominated them during the trial admitted that it did not happen. Sagern created international anger.

1936 – Jesse Owens wins 4 Olympic gold medals in Berlin, Germany.

1954 – Albert Patterson, a lawyer in Phenix City, had just won the Democratic nomination to the State Attorney’s Office when he was assassinated outside his office on June 18 by an unknown man who approached him and fired a gun at him. mouth on him three times. The day before, Patterson was well aware his life was in danger: “ I have only a 100-to-1 chance of ever being sworn in as attorney general.

1955 – A black seamstress, Rosa Parks, is arrested on December 1 in Montgomery for refusing to give up her seat in a bus to a white man. Now all blacks started boycotting the buses and went instead. This meant that the bus companies were about to go bankrupt, as it was mostly blacks who took the bus. The law was changed and blacks were no longer to sit in the back of the bus and give their seats to the whites. Rosa Parks became a model for the US ‘s civil rights movement. The following year, she and Martin Luther King, Jr. the first to ride in a bus where the seats were free.

1957 – Martin Luther King co- founded the Southern Christian Leadership Conference to organize civil rights activism. King was in favor of the philosophy of public disobedience. He led several marches to focus on various lack of fundamental rights.

1961 – On May 4, the three movements CORE, SCLC and SNCC decide to find a new non-violent way to raise awareness of the problems of blacks. They also wanted to pressure President Kennedy and the government, which did not make much of its promises on better terms for blacks.

1964 – On October 14, Martin Luther King becomes the youngest recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize.He is probably best known for his I Have a Dream speech, which he gave in Washington DC in 1963.

1965 – ” Selma to Montgomery marches “, also known as ” Bloody Sunday “, and the subsequent two marches, took place at its peak for civil rights activism. The first march was the 7th on ” Bloody Sunday “, with 600 marchers protesting the execution of Jimmie Lee Jackson. The second march took place on March 9 and police forced the 2,500 Protestants to turn around after the Edmund Pettus Bridge. The third and final attempt began March 16, protected by 2,000 soldiers, 1,900 members of the Alabama National Guard and many FBI agents, walking 16 miles a day along Route 80, known in Alabama. as ” Jefferson Davis Highway “. They arrived at Montgomery on the 24th and the Alabama State Capitol the next day.

1972 – On May 15, Governor George Wallace was assassinated in the town of Laurel, Maryland, which left him paralyzed from the waist down and forced to spend the rest of his life in a wheelchair.

2001 – Condoleezza Rice, was named President George W. Bush’s National Security Adviser on January 22. Following the announcement of his resignation as Secretary of State on November 12, 2004, Colin Powell nominated Rice to the post, serving from January 26, 2005 to January 20, 2009.

2005 – Hurricane Kathrina is formed on August 23rd and dissolves on September 3rd. On its way, it had ravaged the Bahamas, South Florida, Cuba, Louisiana (especially New Orleans ), the Mississippi, Alabama, the Florida Panhandle, and most of North America. 1833 lost his life and caused over 108 billion. dollars in damages.

2009 – A gunman shoots and kills 10 people – the case is known as the ” Geneva County Massacre “. It was said to be the worst shooting episode in Alabama’s history.

2011 – Violent storms kill over 200 people in Alabama, Mississippi, Tennessee, Georgia, Virginia and Kentucky. Read more here and see photos.

Alabama History