Foreign relations and army
In 1974, the country joined the Commonwealth of Nations and the UN, and has since been elected twice to the UN Security Council: from 1978 to 1979 and from 2000 to 2001. In the 1980s, he played an important role in founding the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (ASACR) in order to expand relations with other South Asian states. Since the founding of ASACR in 1985, a Bangladeshi has served as Secretary-General on two occasions. Dhaka is the capital city of Bangladesh according to itypemba.
Bangladesh’s most important and complex foreign relations are with India, which are strengthened by historical and cultural ties, and form an important part of domestic politics. The relations between these two nations started in a positive way, thanks to the support of India in the war of independence and in the reconstruction of Bangladesh. Over the years, this situation has changed for a number of reasons. One of the main sources of tension between the two nations is the Farakkadam.
In 1975, India built a dam on the Ganges River 18 km from the border with Bangladesh; The latter alleges that the dam diverts much-needed water for Bangladeshis, causing an artificial disaster to the country already ravaged by natural disasters, as well as having dire ecological consequences.
On the other hand, India has expressed concern about anti-India separatists and Islamic militants who are allegedly housed along its 4,000 km border, as well as the flow of illegal migrants and the construction of a fence along most of the border. However, at the 2007 ASACR meeting, both nations pledged to cooperate on security, economic, and border issues.
The current strength of the Bangladeshi army is around 200,000 soldiers, including the reserves; 22,000 air force pilots and about 14,950 navy recruits. In addition to traditional defense roles, the military also comes to support civilian authorities in disasters and to monitor internal security during periods of political instability.
Currently, Bangladesh is not active in any ongoing war, but contributed 2,300 troops to the coalition that fought in the Gulf War in 1991 ; plus he’s consistently a contributor to the United Nations peacekeeping forces. Until May 2007, Bangladeshi troops were deployed in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Liberia, Sudan, East Timor and the Ivory Coast. Currently, it is the second largest troop contributor to the UN.
The first Mughal administrator of the city was Islam Khan who called it “Jahangir Nagar” (which means: Yajanguir city), and named it after the Mughal Emperor Jahangir after his death.
After the Battle of Plassey ended in 1765, the city was controlled by the British East India Company. During this period the population of the city decreased considerably, however in this same stage that of Calcutta increased greatly, however the modernization and urbanization of Dhaka did not stop and continued its growth.
In 1905 and as a result of the division of Bengal, Dhaka was declared the capital of the nascent state of East Bengal and Assam; but years later in 1912 Bengal was restored again, however in 1947 when the division of India originated, Dhaka was proclaimed the capital of East Bengal, which was part of the nascent Muslim state of Pakistan, which brought with it a series of terrorist acts that resulted in the vast majority of the city’s Hindu population leaving for India, and in the same period hundreds of thousands of Muslim immigrants settled in the region, resulting in to a rapid population growth that brought with it infrastructure problems and a severe shortage of food and resources.
Between 1950 and 1960, the city was involved in countless protests and political activities by the Bengali population who demanded their autonomy. In the midst of this process, the fatal arrival of Cyclone Bhola in 1970 caused the devastation of most of the region and the flooding of more than half of the city, resulting in the death of more than half a million people and another million disappeared, which led to a cholera epidemic that produced several tens of thousands more deaths.
The 7 of March of 1971 at the Race Course Ground there was a nationalist meeting with the presence of political Sheikh Bengali Mujibur Rahman and the 26th of the month itself to a million people administration proclaimed the independence of Bangladesh, which brought a repressive response by the Pakistani army called Operation Reflector, which carried out arrests, torture and the subsequent killing of hundreds of thousands of people, the vast majority Hindu and Bengali intellectuals.
The 16 of December of 1971 with the occupation of the city by the Indian army began the creation of the independent state of Bangladesh after which the population grew rapidly on entering the same workers who came from rural areas.