California History

California History

California is the most populous state in the United States and has the third largest area after Alaska and Texas. California is also called The Golden State ( the Golden State ) by the California “gold rush” and state flower guldvalmuen.

Redwood National Park is the name of a number of large park areas in California, USA. The parks have a total area of ​​455 km² and preserve 45% of the remaining population of red trees, which are some of the tallest trees in the world. The tallest tree in the world, Hyperion, is 115.5 meters high and also stands somewhere in the parks. The parks are on the UNESCO World Heritage List.

According to anylistintheus, California covers the southern half of the U.S. west coast. Thus, the neighbor to the south is Mexico. To the north is the state of Oregon, and to the east are the inland states of Nevada and Arizona.

TIMELINE:

1533 – Two ships led by Hernán Cortés arrive at Baja in the port of La Paz, but the locals kill 20 of the ships, which then run away again.

1542 – Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo becomes the first European to explore the California coast – off San Diego, discovering the Catalina Islands, San Pedro, Santa Monica and the Santa Barbara Channel Islands.

1579 – Sir Francis Drake arrives (possibly) at Bodega Bay, declaring the country the territory of England.

1769 – Sergeant Jose Ortega discovers the entrance to San Francisco Bay ; Santa Monica was founded on August 3rd.

1776 – San Francisco’s Presidio and Mission Dolores are founded.

1820 – Los Angeles has 650 residents, growing steadily year after year.

1826 – Native attacks Mission San Francisco Solano.

1846-48 – California is conquered from Mexico during the Mexican-American War. The Americans took over Los Angeles in 1847 at the signing of the Cahuenga Treaty.

1848 – Gold is discovered at Sutter’s Mill in Colomo.

1849 – California gold rush begins; Forest fires destroyed San Francisco.

1850 – California became the US ‘s 31st state on September 9.

1852-56 – The first real police force in Los Angeles, named the Los Angeles Rangers, a volunteer group of people who assisted the existing forces.

1869 – The Los Angeles Police Department is formed, and has since become the third largest law firm in the United States. The LAPD has a comprehensive and controversial history. The corps has been fictionalized in several Hollywood movies and TV series. In addition, their motto ” To protect and to serve ” is world famous due to the various TV series and Hollywood movies that have been made.

1857 – Hollywood was founded in Los Angeles and used to set up film companies, but it was not until 1911 that the first studio was created by David Horsley for the Nestor Company. That same year, 15 other independent companies settled in the area; Anaheim was founded by German immigrants.

1869 – The first westbound train arrives in San Francisco.

1881 – The Los Angeles Times (also known as the LA Times ) is an American daily newspaper published in Los Angeles and the fourth largest in the United States.

1887 – The city of Burbank is founded and named after David Burbank. It first gained city status in 1927.

1900 – Oil is discovered along the Kern River.

1906 – An earthquake in San Francisco kills more than 3,000, leaving 225,000 homeless.

1909 – Universal Studios is formed, first named the Yankee Film Company. The founder of Universal was a German Jew named Carl Laemmle. It is the second oldest existing film company in Hollywood surpassed only by Paramount Pictures.

1910 – Angel Island opens as the gateway to America for immigrants.

1912 – The later infamous hotel for the celebrities in the city – the Beverly Hills Hotel, was opened on May 12, before the suburb got its name, Beverly Hills, which was established in 1914.

1914 – Paramount Pictures Corporation is an American film company based in Hollywood, and is the world’s second oldest existing film company, surpassed only by Nordisk Film (1906). Paramount is owned by Viacom.

1915 – William Fox founds Fox Film Corporation (later known as 20th Century Fox ).

1919 – Columbia Pictures Industries, Inc. (CPII) is an American film production and distribution company established by brothers Jack and Harry Cohn and Joe Brandt. The first feature film released by Columbia Pictures was released in August 1922. The name Columbia pictures was introduced in 1924 and became official two years later.

1923 – The famous landmark of Hollywood was originally ” Hollywoodland “. It was built to advertise a new residential area in the hills above Hollywood. For several years the landmark fell into disrepair, but in 1949 the Hollywood Chamber of Commerce offered to remove the last four letters and repair the rest. The landmark is now a registered trademark and may not be used without the permission of the Hollywood Chamber of Commerce, which also stands for the famous sidewalk called the ” Walk of Fame “; The Walt Disney Company was founded on October 16 in Burbank, and is considered to be the largest media group in the world.

1933 – The Long Beach earthquake wreaks havoc across southern California; Alcatraz, originally used by the U.S. Army since 1850, was converted into a prison; Twentieth Century Pictures was founded by Darryl F. Zanuck and Joseph Schenck. The year after December 28, 1934, Fox Film and Twentieth Century merged into one company: Twentieth Century-Fox Film Corporation.

1934 – The ” Bloody Tuesday ” riots take place in San Francisco.

1936 – San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge opens; The Golden Gate Bridge was completed.

1942 – Capitol Records is a large American record company headquartered in the Capitol Tower in Hollywood. It was acquired in 1955 by the British record company EMI.

1943 – The ” Zoot Suit riots ” were a series of riots that broke out in Los Angeles between Anglo-American sailors and Marines stationed in the city, and young Latinos who became known for their way of dressing in the so-called ” Zoot suits “.

1944 – The Golden Globe Award in Los Angeles, is an American award ceremony held annually by the Hollywood Foreign Press Association (HFPA). The award ceremony has since its inception become an important part of the American film industry’s “award season”, which culminates every year with the Oscars.

1945 – The Charter of the United Nations is the agreement which established the international organization United Nations. The agreement was opened for signature on June 26, 1945, at a conference in San Francisco, USA, and entered into force on October 24, 1945, after being ratified by the five permanent members of the UN Security Council.

1947 – One of the most notorious cases of the LAPD was the assassination of Elisabeth Short, better known as Black Dahlia, in Leimert Park on January 15. The murder, which is still unsolved, has been a source of widespread speculation as well as several books and movies.

1952 – Bakersfield is hit by an earthquake that caused 50 million. $ in destruction. It was the largest earthquake since 1906.

1969 – Mayor George Moscone and his adviser Harvey Milk are shot and killed.

1969-1971 – Native Americans occupy Alcatraz. Read more here.

1986 – Actor Clint Eastwood is elected mayor of Carmel-by-the-Sea, where he remains in office for two years.

1989 – A magnitude 7.1 earthquake shakes the Bay area. Read more here.

1991 – On March 3, Rodney King is violently assaulted by several officers. This is filmed and the clip is released to the press and in the news, which on April 29, 1992 after the court in Los Angeles acquits the officers is the starting shot for violent unrest among the black population, which will cost over 50 people their lives. Rodney King died on June 17, 2012, possibly from drowning due to drunkenness / under the influence of drugs.

1995 – OJ Simpson is acquitted of the double murder of his ex-girlfriend Nicole Simpson and servant Ron Goldman. The lawsuit was broadcast live on CNN.

2000 – The electricity crisis creates big blackouts and big bills.

2003 – Arnold Schwarzenegger challenges Governor Davis. Arnold was elected governor on October 8. He resigned from the post on January 3, 2011 at his own request.

2004 – Former President Ronald Reagan dies of a long-term chronic illness at the age of 93.

2006 – Another former president dies. Gerald Ford also died at the age of 93.

2007 – Forest fires force over half a million residents to evacuate, 400,000 acres of land are burned and 1,300 homes destroyed.

2008 – Two trains collide in the Chatsworth district of Los Angeles, killing 25 and injuring 135. Read more here.

2011 – A massive power outage creates darkness in California, Arizona and Mexico, over 5 million. people were affected by the crash.

On October 5, Steve Jobs, co-founder of Apple Inc., died of pancreatic cancer.

2012 – Clint Eastwood again gets involved in politics when, in the presidential election, he spoke in favor of Mitt Romney at the Republican Party Convention.

California History