Egypt Cinematography

According to topmbadirectory, an independent state since 1922, the Egypt, while continuing to undergo British political and cultural domination for some decades, soon became a point of reference for Arab countries. He also took on a leading role in cinematography, which was the most consistent in the entire African continent and, more extensively, in the […]

Egypt Anthropology

Egypt Anthropology

The study of the skeletal remains preserved, since the end of the Neolithic, in the tombs of the Nile valley, have shown that the population of ancient Egypt did not present a single and homogeneous type, nor was it unchanged over time. Instead, somatic differences appear from place to place and at different times and […]

Egypt 2014

Egypt Archaeology

The archaeological activity in Egypt in the last decades has been decisively conditioned first by the construction of the new Aswān dam, which submerged the antiquities upstream, and then by the war situation that excluded foreign missions from most of the Egyptian soil . There are positive results that have come from a situation that […]

Egypt culture and traditions

Egypt Archaeology and Arts

In the last decade numerous excavations determined by the need to provide precise elements of evaluation to random finds have rarely significantly modified the panorama of Egyptian civilization. Other companies, on the other hand, of wider scope, gathering homogeneous and safe material sometimes have unexpectedly opened new problems with the sensational discovery; but they always […]

Egypt Medieval Arts

Egypt Medieval Arts

North African region, corresponding to the territory of the od. Arab Rep. Of Egypt, bounded to the South by the first cataract of the Nile and to the West by the Libyan desert; in ancient age the Egypt also included Nubia, which extended towards the S as far as the second cataract of the Nile. […]

Tanzania History

Tanzania Geography and History

Tanzania. East African state formed by the union of Tanganyika and the island state of Zanzibar. It borders Uganda to the North, Kenya to the Northwest, the Indian Ocean to the East, Mozambique and Malawi to the South, Zambia to the Southwest and with Zaire, Burundi and Rwanda to the West. The State includes, in addition to the mainland, the islands of Zanzibar, Pemba and Mafia located off the coast. Dodoma is the capital city of Tanzania according to allpubliclibraries. History Prehistory The hunting activities of the Palaeolithic man made him occupy […]

Cape Town, South Africa History

Cape Town, South Africa History

Cape Town (in Afrikaans, Kaapstad ; in English, Cape Town), is the second most populous city in the Republic of South Africa, preceded only by Johannesburg. It is the legislative capital of the country as it is the seat of the National Parliament and was the capital of the former province of El Cabo. This city with centuries of history fundamentally linked to […]

Ethiopia 2005

Ethiopia 2005

Human and economic geography Internal state of East Africa. According to estimates from 2005, Ethiopia has 73,053,000 residents and occupies a rearguard position (159th place out of 164) in the ranking of countries classified according to the human development index elaborated by the United Nations (life expectancy at birth less than 50 years; literacy rate […]

Ethiopia democracy

Ethiopia Archaeological Excavations

The excavation carried out in one of these sites in 1973 (on the SE slopes of Mount Yerèr, about 60 km from Addìs Abebà) has brought to light the remains of a building, perhaps a church with a basilica plan, in the structure of which reused materials of carried over from an older building, built […]

Ethiopia Archaeology

Ethiopia Archaeology

After 1974, for reasons due to the internal Ethiopian situation, the archaeological activity, which ceased entirely in the northern regions, continued sporadically in the center and in the south of the country, with some excavations and some reconnaissance, until 1982. For prehistoric times, the following is recalled of this activity. Continuation of the excavation work, […]

Ethiopia MUSIC

Ethiopia Arts and Music

ART AND ARCHITECTURE Up to the 20th century. the artistic development of Ethiopia presents a common path with that of Eritrea. In the preaksumite period (from the 5th century BC to about the 1st AD) there are architectural and sculptural products of South Arabian belonging, probably due to South Arabs settled in Ethiopia; subsequently a […]

Ethiopia Sacraments

Ethiopia Beliefs

The beliefs of the Abyssinian church are, in general, those of the Alexandrian patriarchate, and can be summarized as follows. The first authority for the definitions of faith is the Bible, whose books received as canons are those of the canon of the Catholic Church and of the Orthodox; it therefore also includes the deuterocanonicals […]

Ethiopia Economic Conditions

Ethiopia Economic Conditions

The country’s secular, archaic socio-economic framework received a decisive blow in 1974 by the military revolution which, after the emperor was deposed, set a new course inspired by principles of progress within the framework of ‘Ethiopian socialism’. Until that historical turning point, despite partial and sporadic attempts at renewal, the country had remained almost a […]

Tunisia Archeology

Tunisia Archeology

Punic archaeology. – The extreme lacunae with which the literary sources are presented, with the exception of Carthage, confers, in the current state of research, considerable documentary relevance to the archaeological data. The re-reading of the known data and the acquisition of the new ones make it possible to update and integrate the testimonies on the […]

Algeria and Islamic Salvation Front

Algeria and Islamic Salvation Front

The violence that since 1992 has relentlessly tormented the Algeria with the terrible toll of over 75,000 deaths (some sources reported as much as 100,000 victims) it was the clearest evidence of the failure of the democratization process initiated in the country at the end of the 1980s. The clash opposed the bloody fanaticism of […]

Algeria Archaeology

Algeria Archaeology

Archaeological research in Algeria has led, in recent years, to remarkable results which deserve to be recorded in addition to those shown in the item africa (I, p. 780). Punic archaeology. – One hundred and fifty lead coins, discovered in the Marina quarter in Algiers, revealed their existence in the third and fourth centuries BC. C. […]

Algeria Cinema 2

Algeria Archaeology and Cinema

Archaeology. – The archaeological research in Algeria has been marked in recent years by a series of reinterpretations and clarifications that have involved individual monumental complexes already known from the early Roman and Christian periods. These types of interventions have been able to count for the Numidian culture on a coordinated research plan, which in […]

Algeria Architecture

Algeria Architecture

Like all its ex-colonies it is important to remember how also for the Algeria France played a decisive role in imposing its own cultural characteristics: for example, in 1933, in Algeria, the first exhibition of the Cité Moderne was held, directly inspired by the examples of Le Corbusier. 1933 was also the year of Le […]

Algeria Arts

As a function of historical fluctuations, the Algeria it has alternately opened to external influences and closed in on itself, preferring the tranquility of autarchy to the various upheavals of foreign currents, which the wide Mediterranean coasts have often conveyed. The contact and contrast between elements of external derivation and local traditions practically knows no […]

Morocco Recent History

Morocco Recent History

The success of Annual against the Spaniards in 1921 had enormously increased the prestige of Abd el-Krim, whose ambitious plan to found an independent state in western Morocco was aided by the policy of “semi-abandonment” adopted by Spain after the unfortunate political war that, practically expressing itself in the intention of remaining only on the […]

Morocco Agriculture

Morocco Agriculture

With livestock farming, it constitutes the main resource of Morocco and the basis of its economic future. The most fertile regions are the Gharb, the Sebou valley, the Chaouïa, Doukkala; a good economic future, from an agricultural point of view, promises the regions of Meknès and Fez. An extensive remediation program aims to improve the […]

Morocco political system

Morocco Anthropology and Ethnology

The indigenous peoples of North Africa are ordinarily designated by the name of Berbers. The Arab population forms only a thin layer, on top of a newly modified and easy to trace substrate. This is very evident in Morocco where the decidedly Berber populations form the great majority of the residents, and occupy almost the […]

Morocco Archeology

The entire territory of today’s Morocco has offered in recent years evidence of all the main prehistoric eras, except for the singular decline recorded in the Mesolithic. The direct and fruitful contact between the Moroccan coasts and the Iberian territory, which will know significant confirmations up to the modern age, is validated and extended in […]

Morocco Archeology Overview

Morocco Archeology Overview

Prehistory. – The region has been inhabited since the most remote prehistoric times and recent excavations have broadened the framework of our knowledge. In the Sidi Abd ar-Raḥmān quarry, 20 km. in S. of Casablanca, a Clactonian-Abbevillian industry is associated in the solidified dune with remains of contemporary fauna. The different periods of the lower […]

Morocco archaic rustic arts

Morocco Arts

Ever since Morocco opened up to European scholars, it has revealed itself as a promised land of Islamic art, which is closely linked to Spain. There are no monuments as ancient as in eastern Barbary. Almost nothing remains of the era of the Idrisites, of that century. IX which saw the great mosque of Kairouan […]

South Africa foreign policy

South Africa after Apartheid Regime

Exit in 1994 from the apartheid regime on the basis of the compromise between the National Party (NP) and the African National Congress (ANC), that is, between the party of white supremacy and the hegemonic representation of the black majority with a moderate and multi-ethnic profile (despite the inclusion within it of the Communist Party), […]

South Africa and the Apartheid Regime

South Africa and the Apartheid Regime

The Republic of South Africa faced problems of enormous gravity: the need for a bloodless transition from an authoritarian and racist regime to a democracy; the creation of a new constitutional order; the need to guarantee economic development characterized by greater social equity; the obligation to ensure public order in a situation of very strong […]

Zambia Economic Development

Zambia Economic Development

Zambia. Official name, Republic of Zambia. Landlocked country located in southern Africa, bordered to the northwest by the Democratic Republic of the Congo, to the northeast by Tanzania, to the east by Malawi, to the southeast by Mozambique, to the south by Zimbabwe, Botswana and the Caprivi corridor, in Namibia, and to the west with Angola. Zambia, a former English colony called Northern Rhodesia, became […]