Croatia is a state in southeastern Europe, on the Balkan Peninsula. Consists of continental and Adriatic parts. Independence was gained in 1991. According to smb, the capital is Zagreb. Currency – Croatian kuna. Kuna, consists of hundreds of lindens. In circulation there are banknotes of 1000, 500, 100, 20, 10, 5 kunas, coins – 1, 2, 5 kunas, 10, 20, 50 lipas. Banks are open from 8:00 to 19:00 from Monday to Friday, on Saturday from 8:00 to 12:00. Commission for the exchange of 1 – 1.5%.
Religion – Catholicism. The population of Croatia is 4.8 million people, of which: Croats – 80%, Serbs – 12%. The official language is Croatian, German is also used, in Istria – Italian.
Common borders in the north – with Slovenia, in the northeast – with Hungary, in the east – with Serbia, in the south – with Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro.
Most of the country has a temperate continental climate. The average annual air temperature is 18*C. On the Croatian coast – 2600 hours of sunshine per year. The temperature in winter is up to -30*С, in summer up to +30*С.
Useful phone numbers
Embassy of Russia in Croatia (Zagreb): (385 41) 375 5038
Code of Croatia +385.
Time is 2 hours behind Moscow time. The duration of the flight Moscow – Dubrovnik (Split, Pula, Zagreb) is approximately 3 hours.
Croatia is a small country in the north of the Balkan Peninsula, located in one of the most ecologically clean places in the world. Picturesque bays, bizarrely shaped islands, ancient mysterious castles, thermal springs, national parks – all this is Croatia. The active season for tourist recreation begins from June to September, all this time you can swim, the water warms up to 27*C, and the air up to 30*C.
Croatia’s Adriatic coast and numerous islands are a popular destination for international tourism.
Introduction to Croatia. Resorts and attractions in Croatia
Every year more and more tourists from European countries discover Croatia – unusual, new, attractive. Everyone who comes here finds something of their own in this truly unique country. A well-known fact: even the Roman emperors kept their summer residences in Croatia, but thanks to the development of infrastructure, the country experienced a real tourist boom only in the 20th century. Near small fishing villages and near seaside towns, Croatian resorts began to grow like mushrooms after rain.
Most resorts and hotels were built during Yugoslav times. After its collapse, a complete reconstruction of the hotels was carried out, and now the quality of the latter is not inferior to European standards. Each of the large hotel complexes has its own beach, swimming pool, SPA center, cafe, restaurant, etc. So what exactly attracts tourists to this country?
First of all, Croatia is popular for its beaches, and most vacationers come here. Washing the coast, one of the most salty and healing seas in the world, the Adriatic, splashes with waves. Rocky and wild beaches contrast sharply with sandy beaches, but they are all incredibly clean and well maintained. Most of the sandy beaches are located not only on the islands (there is less rockiness), but also in South, Central and North Dalmatia. But what unites the beaches of Croatia is that it is here that you can take a break from the city rhythm and relax.
But if you are interested in more than just relaxing on the beach, then a tour of Croatia will help you see the cultural heritage of this region. Croats are very kind to their ancient churches, medieval castles and palaces. In every city in Croatia there are excursions to all its cultural centers. Particularly interesting are cities with historical sights, where you can see the architectural structures of antiquity – this is the amphitheater, and the Temple of Augustus in Pula, and the defensive walls located in the city of Dubrovnik. The latter city at one time could compete in beauty even with Venice.
If you are missing a typical European city with wide streets and squares, then visit Zagreb – the capital of Croatia. You will enjoy medieval architecture, small and cozy cafes. Zagreb is also very similar to Vienna, since Croatia was part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire and most of the city’s architectural structures are made in the Baroque style. In Zagreb, even the cuisine differs from Mediterranean cuisine.
Croatia has a lot of natural attractions: green forests, rocky mountains, lakes and waterfalls. In fact, every forest in the country is a park or reserve, and just a few hours drive from the beaches you can find yourself in any of the state-protected areas. You should definitely visit the Paklenica National Park with its canyons, as well as the Plitvice Lakes, as these ecosystems are always open to tourists.
Holidays on the islands of Croatia are gaining more and more popularity, of which there are about 1000 in the country, large and small. Each of these islands is unique in its own way: people live on large islands and resort bases are located (such asPag, Cres, Krk ). On some small islands, there is practically no population and car traffic is limited in order to preserve the purity of the air, since these areas are especially popular among the Croats themselves.
In addition to relaxing on the beach, sightseeing tours or trips to the nature reserve, outdoor activities are popular in Croatia – water sports, for example, are especially developed in the country. Whether you are a beginner or a professional, you will always have something to offer and show you Croatia like you have never seen it before.
Croatia is one of the blessed corners of the Earth, which seem to be created for relaxation, for healing the soul and body. Its very location between the Mediterranean, the Alps and Panonia determines this extraordinary and unique harmony that reigns in it. And how could it be otherwise, if here, in Croatia, within a radius of just a hundred kilometers, all the possible beauties that you can imagine are collected: rocky seashores, hills densely overgrown with forests, fertile green plains. There are seven national parks alone!
You have already understood that Croatia, thanks to the diversity of its landscapes, is suitable for any type of holiday. Here everyone will certainly find what they were looking for – both athletes, and explorers of the deep sea, and tireless tourists – sightseeing hunters.
There are more than a hundred wonderful cozy towns on the coast and islands of Croatia, and each of them is able to charm you in its own way.
Resorts of Croatia
The resorts of the Istrian peninsula are popular due to the many historical monuments, beaches and clear sea. One of the most popular resorts in Istria – Poreč is the largest tourist center in Croatia. There is a magnificent embankment, cozy courtyards surrounded by greenery and a large number of entertainments for tourists. Here, in Istria, is the most romantic city of Croatia – Rovinj, which combines the unshakable power of Rome, the elegance of Venice and the exotic charm of the Mediterranean.
Opatija is the most fashionable resort in Istria and the entire northern Adriatic, which, thanks to its excellent climate and unique location, was recognized as the best resort in Europe at the beginning of the last century.
Another resort region of Croatia is Central Dalmatia. There are a number of interesting ancient cities here, including Sibenik, which is about 1000 years old and Trogir, founded in the 3rd century. BC, famous for carving and architecture.
South Dalmatia – a real pearl of the Adriatic – offers you to enjoy the beauty and service of Cavtat, Plata, Medieval Dubrovnik and many other cities, each of which is beautiful in its own way. And, of course, pay attention to the capital of Croatia, Zagreb, a city with nine hundred years of history and a unique charm inherent in the ancient cities of Central Europe.
From Croatia came the fashion for wearing ties and the very word “tie”. During the Thirty Years’ War, the French liked the way Croatian horsemen tied scarves around their necks. The French pointed to the chest of the Croats and asked “what is it?”. Croats thought they were being asked “who are you?” and answered “Croat”. So there was a French word “Cravate” – a tie.
In the capital of Croatia, the city of Zagreb, it is convenient to use public transport, all areas are interconnected by a tram network. All Croatian taxis are metered, with a surcharge of approximately 20% on weekends and at night.
Import and export of local currency is limited to 2000 kunas. Import and export of foreign currency is unlimited.