General information for Egypt
Geographical location: Northeast Africa, located in the northern hemisphere.
Highest elevation: Jabal Katrina (2642 m above sea level)
Longest river: Nile (6852 km)
Form of government: Republic System of
Government: Semi-presidential system
Neighboring countries: Libya, Sudan, Gaza, Israel, Jordan
Area: Approx. 1,001,500 km²
Residents: Approx. 97,042,000 people (2017)
Population density: 97 residents per km²
Religions: About 90% Sunni Muslims, about 6% followers of Christianity, as well as Jews, Bahais and other religious communities not recognized by the state
Currency: Egyptian pound; 1 EUR is approximately 18.5 EGP.
Climate: predominantly dry desert climate with regional characteristics
Time zone: UTC + 2
Area code: +20
Country code: EG
Electricity: Type C sockets are used in Egypt. The mains voltage is 220V with a 50Hz change interval.
Travel climate in Egypt
Egypt lies within the North African dry belt and largely has a desert climate with very little rainfall and considerable seasonal and daily temperature fluctuations. Only the Mediterranean coast and the Nile delta are influenced by the Mediterranean with 100 – 200mm winter precipitation.
The average daily temperatures in July can reach up to 31 ° C in Port Said, 35 ° C in Cairo and over 40 ° C in Aswan, although it can be very cool at night. Due to the low relative humidity of around 30%, however, the heat is easy to bear. In January, the average daytime temperatures drop to 20 ° C in Cairo and 24 ° C in Aswan. The hot Khamsin, a sand and dust wind coming from the south, blows from March to June.
In Egypt, depending on the geographical location, five more specific climatic zones can be distinguished.
The approximately 700 km long Mediterranean coast and the Nile delta are characterized by very warm summers and mild winters with relatively abundant rainfall of up to 200 mm / year. Spring, like autumn, is hot and dry with possible temperatures of over 40 ° C. In summer, daytime temperatures between 28 and 32 ° C are reached and there is no more precipitation. The air humidity is relatively high all year round at 60–75%. The sea invites you to swim in summer with values of up to 28 ° C, in winter it cools down to 16-18 ° C.
The lower Nile valley from Cairo to Asyut is also characterized by mild winters with daytime temperatures of 18–22 ° C, the summers, with possible temperature peaks of up to 48 ° C, are hotter than in the Nile delta and on the Mediterranean coast and there is hardly any precipitation all year round at a significantly reduced humidity of 40–60%. In the winter nights, on the other hand, it can get very cold with the onset of morning frost.
In the upper Nile Valley, similar to the desert areas and oases to the east and especially to the west, the winters are also mild with cool nights, the spring and autumn are very short and warm, and the long summers are very hot and extremely dry. The average daily values reach 38–42 ° C, whereby heat waves can cause temperatures of over 50 ° C.
In contrast to this, mild to warm winters with very moderate temperatures between 20 ° C during the day and 10–13 ° C at night prevail in the coastal areas on the Red Sea. The summers, which are also very hot, do not quite reach the temperature peaks as in the neighboring desert areas. At around 20–29 ° C, the sea invites you to swim all year round.
Due to its higher elevations, winters in the mountains of the Sinai Peninsula are very cool with 12–15 ° C during the day and 0–5 ° C at night. Spring and autumn are accordingly a little longer, but the summers are still very warm with daytime temperatures of up to 32 ° C. At night, however, the values drop to a cooler 15–18 ° C. Incidentally, there is hardly any significant rainfall with only low humidity.
Culture and sights in Egypt
Ancient Egypt was one of the earliest civilizations of mankind and the associated cultural history of Egypt goes back over 6000 years, during the course of which Egypt influenced later cultures in Europe, the Middle East and Africa. After the Pharaonic era, Egypt itself came under the influence of Hellenism, Christianity and Islamic culture. Today, many aspects of ancient Egyptian culture are still present and interact with newer elements, including the influence of modern Western culture.
For centuries, Cairo has been one of the intellectual and cultural centers of the Arab world with the seat of the renowned Islamic university al-Azhar and the head of the Coptic Orthodox Church. It is home to large libraries, museums and the first opera house in the Arab world, as well as large parts of the Arab film industry. Numerous galleries, exhibition areas, music labels and event locations, which are often located in empty buildings in the magnificent but ailing inner city, offer a varied program and are closely linked to the international cultural scene. The most important cultural events include the Cairo International Book Fair, the International Film Festival and the International Festival for Experimental Theater. In addition, there is still an active independent cultural scene.
Egyptian music is a rich mix of indigenous, Mediterranean, African and western elements. Percussion and vocal music have always been an important part of local musical traditions at weddings and other festivities, while Egyptian pop music has become increasingly culturally important in the younger music scene.
According to the historical importance of Egypt, the country is rich in cultural and historical sights, above all the pyramids around and in the wider area of Giza and the Luxor temples and the nearby Valley of the Kings in Thebes. Monuments to the recent history of Egypt are particularly worth seeing in Cairo and Alexandria.
For nature lovers, the three national parks of Egypt offer interesting insights into the desert and steppe landscapes of the eastern Sahara as well as into the maritime world of the coastal areas of the Red Sea.
Holidays with a fixed date in Egypt
The date of the Islamic holidays is based on the Islamic lunar calendar and therefore shifts from year to year
Jan 1st Bank holiday
Jan 7th Coptic Christmas
Jan 25th Anniversary of the 2011 Revolution
Apr 25th. Liberation Day of Sinai
May 1st Labor Day
July 1st Bank Holiday
July 23rd Anniversary of the 1952 Revolution
Oct 6th Armed Forces Day
Medical advice for Egypt
For legal reasons, we as a tour operator are not allowed to communicate any binding medical information and therefore refer to the information provided by the Foreign Office of the Federal Republic of Germany, the Robert Koch Institute and the German Society for Tropical Medicine and International Health
Travel advice for Egypt
You can obtain current travel and safety information, information on entering and leaving the country, as well as special criminal information and recommendations for your stay in Egypt from the Federal Foreign Office.
Foreign mission in Egypt
Embassy of the Federal Republic of Germany in Cairo
(there is another honorary consulate in Alexandria)
Administrative district / consular district: Egypt.
Street address: 2 Sharia Berlin (off Sharia Hassan Sabri), Zamalek, Cairo
Postal address: Embassy of the Federal Republic of Germany, 2 Sharia Berlin (off Sharia Hassan Sabri), Zamalek, Cairo 11211, Egypt
Telephone: (00202) 2728-2000, for emergencies German and English (0020) (0) 122 213-6538, Arabic (0020) (0) 122-2308151
Fax: (00202) 2728-2159
E-Mail: [email protected]
Website: http: //www.kairo.diplo.de Official languages
in the host country: German, English, Arabic
Embassy of the Arab Republic of Egypt in Berlin
(There are other honorary consulates in Frankfurt and Hamburg)
Street address: Stauffenbergstrasse 6/7
Postal address: Stauffenbergstrasse 6/7, 10785 Berlin
Telephone: 030 4 77 54 70
Fax: 030 4 77 10 49
Email: [email protected]