Equatorial Guinea Geography

Equatorial Guinea Geography and Population

OFFICIAL NAME: Guinea Equatorial


POPULATION: 722,000 (2014)

AREA: 28,051 km²

OFFICIAL/OFFICIAL LANGUAGES: Spanish, Bantu language, English-Creole, Portuguese-Creole

RELIGION: Catholics 93%, other 7%



ENGLISH NAME: Equatorial Guinea


POPULATION COMPOSITION: catch 83%, bube 10%, other 7%

GDP PER CAPITA INH.: $ 20,581 (2013)

LIFE EXPECTANCY: men 64.4 years, women 64.6 years (2014)




Equatorial Guinea, formerly Spanish Guinea, Republic of the West Coast of Central Africa, located in the rainforest belt. The country includes the Mbini area on the mainland and two islands, Bioko and Annobón, in the Gulf of Guinea. It is one of Africa’s smallest and countries, and for most years since independence from Spain (1968) it has been almost completely closed to the outside world as a brutal dictatorship that drove large sections of the population into exile. The discovery of oil in the 1990’s has given the country greatly increased revenues, but has only benefited the general population to a limited extent.

  • Countryaah: Do you know how many people there are in Equatorial Guinea? Check this site to see population pyramid and resident density about this country.

Equatorial Guinea – national flag

Equatorial Guinea – National Flag, The flag was first raised in 1968. From 1969 it has shown the coat of arms in the middle; it was replaced 1978-79. The tree is a silk cotton tree. The six stars represent the state’s six parts, the mainland and five islands. The motto is ‘Unity, Peace, Justice’. Blue stands for the water that binds the land together, green for the vegetation, white for peace and red for the struggle for independence.

Equatorial Guinea – Geography

Equatorial Guinea – Geography, Mbini (formerly Río Muni) on the mainland makes up most of the area, and here lives about. 80% of the population. The natural vegetation is rainforest, which still covers most of the area. The island of Bioko with the country’s capital, Malabo, holds approximately 60,000 homes, while the remote Annobón has approximately 2000 in. At Bioko’s northern part there are several cocoa plantations, while the uneven southern part is covered by rainforest. The climate is tropical throughout the country; the annual rainfall is very large and reaches over 10,000 mm per year at Bioko.

The majority of the population is employed in agriculture, forestry or fishing. The main crops are sweet potatoes and cassava; the most important export crop is cocoa, which was also the traditional export crop during the colonial period. After independence, cocoa production collapsed, but some plantations have slowly been re-established throughout the 1990’s. For many years, wood was the most important export product with varieties such as okoumé and akoga. The logging takes place in Mbini and is run by foreign companies. In total, over 50% of the forest area is leased to lumber companies. There is a modest fishery along the coast and in the rivers. Annobón is operated by licensed fishermen from the EU.

In 1984, oil was found for Bioko, and in 1991 production began. In 1993, Mobil Oil found large oil reserves in Mbini, production started in 1996, and then oil became the country’s main export commodity; in 1998, the oil’s share of exports was thus 90%. In 2001, a large new oil port was established at Luba on the west coast of Bioko. The industrial sector is extremely limited. This also applies to the tourism industry, which has lacked infrastructure, service providers and, not least, political stability. However, the country has some potential in the form of pristine natural areas.

Growing oil revenues have significantly improved the country’s economy; the country’s GDP has grown 16% a year in the 1990’s, and in 2001 Equatorial Guinea, from its starting point as one of the world’s poorest countries, had one of the fastest growing economies; the country has the world’s second highest GDP per capita. oil revenues, however, have only benefited the population to a modest extent. Child mortality remains high, even when compared to other low-income countries, and life expectancy is below 50 years (2006). The country’s most important ethnic group is fangs, which make up 80-90% of the population. The rest consists of many different small groups, the largest of which is bubi, the original population of Bioko. During periods under Macías Nguema’s rule, a third of the population had fled to neighboring countries, and many still live in exile.

The territorial boundaries of neighboring countries have not been established, which has caused conflict with Nigeria and Gabon.

Equatorial Guinea – language

Equatorial Guinea – language, The most common are the bantu languages catch and bube spoken by respectively. approximately 260,000 (2000) on the mainland and approximately 40,000 (1995) on Bioko. The descendants of the slaves in the islands speak Creole languages based on European languages, in Annobón the Portuguese- based fá d’ambô and in Bioko the English-based Fernando Póo crisis. The official language is Spanish, but is only the native language of a small minority. For culture and traditions of Equatorial Guinea, please check allunitconverters.

Equatorial Guinea – Constitution

Equatorial Guinea Constitution, Constitution of the Republic of Equatorial Guinea is from 1991. The legislative power formally resides with a parliament with a chamber, the House of Representatives, which has 100 members. Members are elected by direct election for a five-year term. The Constitution does not give Parliament many means to counterbalance the president.

The executive power lies with the president, who is elected by direct election for a seven-year term, and can be re-elected an unlimited number of times. The President has immunity from offenses committed before, during and after the term of office. The President appoints, among members of Parliament, a prime minister to lead the government and its members. The president appoints a governor for each of the provinces.

Equatorial Guinea – History

Equatorial Guinea – History, The earliest traces of the country’s history are few and uncertain, but it is known that the Fang people immigrated to the area in the 1700’s; Bioko was populated by the bubi people in the 1800’s. The first Europeans in the area were Portuguese, who entered the islands of Bioko (formerly Fernando Póo after discovering the island) and Annobónabout 1471. They did not colonize the area, and in 1778 they swapped the islands and an area on the mainland between the rivers Ogooué and Niger to Spain. Thus Spain gained its first colony in Africa since its conclusion in 1494 of the Tordesilla Treaty, which granted Portugal exclusive rights to Africa. However, Spain abandoned colonization of Bioko due to high mortality and leased it out to the British Navy in 1827-43. Only then did an actual colonization commence, where coffee and cocoa plantations were established on the island. The mainland was colonized even later, really only after Franco’s takeover of Spain.

By independence in 1968, the country’s economy had developed very little. The first president, Francisco Macías Nguema, ruled the country dictatorially until he was overthrown in 1979 by a coup led by his nephew Teodoro Obiang Nguema, and then executed. Under Macías Nguema, the country almost completely collapsed economically, politically and socially; borders, schools and churches were closed, and freedom of speech and human rights were suppressed. Under Obiang Nguema, who has been president since, the situation has not improved significantly; the country formally became a multi-party democracy in 1991, but the opposition is still suppressed and boycotted the elections. Obiang Nguema was re-elected in 2002, according to government information with a staggering 100% of the vote. Opposition candidates had by then withdrawn from the election because of fraud, or were imprisoned under indictment for interference in a coup attempt. A coup attempt with bl. a. South African mercenaries were averted in 2004. There are frequent rumors of new coup plans, and they are often linked with the self-proclaimed exile government leader, Severo Moto. In addition to political instability, the country is heavily affected by corruption. Also in the 2009 elections, Nguema gained about 100% of the vote. There are ongoing unrest in the country with Obiang Nguema as a particularly wealthy dictator. Despite substantial revenues from the country’s oil, the majority of the population lives in poverty and only the elite benefit from the income.

Equatorial Guinea Geography