Eritrea is a country in East Africa on the Red Sea coast. Common borders with Sudan – in the west, with Ethiopia – in the south, with Djibouti – in the east.
According to smb, the capital is Asmara (Miami of Africa). The official languages are Igrinya and Arabic. Currency – nakfa. Religion – Christianity.
Eritrea in Greek means the Red Sea.
On the coast of the Red Sea, the climate is dry and hot. Average winter temperatures fluctuate in the range of 20-35*C, in summer within 40-50*C. Temperatures are even higher in the eastern part of the country. The western plains on the border with Sudan are located at an altitude of 500-2000 m.
In December, the temperature sometimes drops to 15*C. In winter, temperatures can drop to 0*C at night. There are two wet periods in the central and western regions of the country – the main summer period from June to September and the less pronounced spring period from March to April. Near the coast, precipitation occurs mainly in winter.
Tourists are offered – beach holidays, sightseeing tours, safaris, excursions to sunken ships, caves, coral reefs and diving.
Sights of Eritrea
Asmara Catholic Cathedral, Jami al Khulafa el Rashedin Mosque, Cemetery of Tanks, Holy Mary Orthodox Church, Kohaito District, Mariam Waakiro Temple, Unique Stele Meter, Keren Mountain City, Massawa City, Aksumite Adulis City Ruins, Nakfa City, Assab City, Agordat City, Dahlak Archipelago, Dohul Island, Nokra Island, Kebir Island.
Dahlak Archipelago – The northern part of the Red Sea, where the respectable resorts of Egypt, Israel and Jordan are located, has already been quite well explored by both lovers of breath-holding and free diving, and scuba divers. But if we look at the atlas of the Red Sea region, we will find that the main coral accumulations are located not in the northern part, but much further south – in the Eritrea region. And the further we move away from the standard regions, the greater the opportunity to meet interesting objects and see the original underwater fauna. It is in these places that you will find an untouched underwater world, real corals not disturbed by civilization, majestic giants of the seas – whales and manta rays live here, and sunken ships full of treasures. The Dahlak Archipelago is a national park in Eritrea. Of the 200 islands of the archipelago, only four are now inhabited. Others host a variety of seabirds throughout the Red Sea. Here are some of the oldest coral reefs in the Red Sea region. The world of mammals is represented by several breeds of dolphins and whales. The habitat of whales – such as sperm whales or minke whales, does not extend north of the latitude of Sudan or the port of Jeddah, therefore, with all your desire, you will not be able to meet whales, with the exception of bottlenose dolphins or bottlenose dolphins, neither in the Sharm el-Sheikh area, nor in the area Hurghada or Safaga. But to the south of Halaib, sperm whales and comrades proportional to him are frequent guests.
Dahlak Island Dohul – the best place to watch dugongs and green turtles, which are attracted here by shallows where the sea rupee grows. Same story with sharks. Meeting with a shark in the northern part of the Red Sea is fleeting and rare. It is impossible to see anything but small reef species there. But in the central and southern regions, whale and large sharks – mako, bull, hammerhead and tiger – are widespread. These predators are attracted by the strong current off the western side of the acacia and coniferous island of Durga. Here, among a variety of corals, there are flocks of manta rays and Indian beechkorily, as well as sea urchins and stars. In the northern part of Dissei Island you will find coral gardens of fire and nodular corals, hydrophore,
The country was part of the ancient Ethiopian kingdom until the 7th century. The territory was under Ethiopian influence by the time of the Turkish conquest in the mid-16th century. Italian colony 1889-1941. After the fall of the Ethiopian government in 1991, Eritrea’s right to independence was recognized. After a referendum, independence was obtained in 1993 and recognized by Ethiopia and England.
Eritrea is one of the poorest countries in the world.
In the Barca Valley, archaeologists have discovered a settlement dating back to 8000 BC. e.
The main advantage of Eritrea is the calm attitude of the local population towards foreigners. Asmara is one of the safest capitals in Africa.
You can’t drink tap water. It is undesirable to use products purchased from stalls and in dubious cafes.
When shopping in the market, you must bargain, but it is not customary to bargain in stores.
If you are invited to visit, it is customary to come with fruit or a pie.
Crossing the state border can take a long time. after sunset, the border crossings are closed.