Micronesia History

Federated States of Micronesia Geography, History and Population

Micronesia. Officially named the Federated States of Micronesia, it is a region made up of hundreds of small islands spread over a wide expanse of the Pacific Ocean. It is also known as the Federated States of Micronesia. It is part of Oceania. Palikir is the capital city of Micronesia according to simplyyellowpages.

Geography

With Palau, the states of Micronesia form the archipelago of the Caroline Islands, approximately 800 kilometers east of the Philippines. It comprises 607 islands, distributed in an area of 2,500 km², the state covers an effective area of 700 km², of which more than half correspond to the island of Ponape. The relief is mountainous. The islands are subject to intense rainfall, although the rainfall regime decreases from east to west. The annual average temperature is 27ºC. The combination of high and constant temperatures produces lush vegetation.

History

The name of Micronesia means “small islands” in Greek, but the Portuguese navigator Fernando de Magallanes, the first European to arrive in that part of the world in 1521, called them “islands of thieves”, probably due to having been attacked by the natives. upon disembarking. Spain baptized the archipelago with the name of Las Carolinas, in honor of the Spanish King Carlos II, until the Germans arrived in 1885 and tried to impose a protectorate. The Spanish government protested and appealed to the Vatican. The Treaty of Paris in December of 1898, ended the war between Spain and the United States. For 25 million pesetas, Madrid sold the Carolinas archipelago to Germany. In 1914, the Japanese seized the islands and agreed with the United States on a non-militarization plan for the entire area, but the agreement was broken in 1935. The Japanese attack on the North American air-naval base at Pearl Harbor started from Micronesia. In 1947 the United Nations Security Council and the US Government, to decide the fate of the overseas possessions of the Japan, agreed that the islands would be managed by United States in trust. In November of 1986, President Ronald Reagan officially proclaimed the end of the US administration in Micronesia. In 1987, the Federated States of Micronesia established diplomatic relations with the Marshall Islands. A year later, Israel and Papua New Guinea recognized the new republic status of the Micronesian territory, followed, in 1989, by Japan and China.

Population

Its residents belong to different racial groups but there is a predominance of the indigenous population.

Social indicators

  • Population density (inhab / km²) (2000): 168
  • Urban population (% of total) (1999): 28.0
  • Fertility index (95-00): 3.9
  • Crude infant mortality rate (1/1000) (1995-00): 68
  • Life expectancy at birth (years) (2000): 68
  • Population growth (annual%) (1995-00): 3.9.

Palikir

History

In the 16th century, Spanish explorers arrived for the first time in the Caroline Islands but it is not clear that they settled there at that time, although the features of their culture, religion, language and architecture remained there. The 18th century, for its part, was marked by the arrival of large contingents of whale hunters and European merchants, essentially British and German. At the end of the 19th century the islands of Micronesia were sold by the Spanish Crown to Germany, due to the need to obtain resources after the disastrous war against the United States of America (1898).

The Germans raised their flag on December as October as 1899 and immediately began constructing numerous buildings and streets in Pohnpei. This region came to be known under the name of Die Kolonie at the same time that the population began to know a certain prosperity thanks to the development and progress of the copra trade (interior pulp of the coconut), settled in various main centers (Yap, Pohnpei and Jaluit, among others). Japan conquered the archipelago at the beginning of the First World War, exactly on October 7, 1914, and was granted by the League of Nations in mandate at the end of the conflict.

Second World War

The Second World War, for its part, fully affected these territories, which were the scene of bloody fighting between North Americans and Japanese. The defeat of the latter motivated the newly created UN to grant these islands and neighboring archipelagos to the United States as a trust.

From the beginning of the 20th century until the middle of the same, only the natives of the island lived in it but after the Second World War a repopulation process began to be noticed.

Independence

The islanders’ wishes for independence were channeled by the Micronesia Congress, created in 1965, which, after a referendum in 1979, was the germ of the Federated States of Micronesia.

A positive referendum was held in 1983 on the establishment of a free association agreement with the United States, which entered into force three years later. This spelled the end of the trusteeship, a fact that was ratified by the UN in 1990. With this and the country’s entry into the aforementioned organization the following year, independence was confirmed.

Art and culture

Near Palikir is one of the most important archaeological remains of the ancient Micronesians; It is the funerary and ceremonial complex known as Nan Madol, a walled enclosure of more than one square kilometer in which its 92 funerary platforms built in basalt and coral stand out.

Architecture

The buildings in this small town are two-story and are inspired by traditional Micronesian architecture, with plenty of natural light.

Crafts

Among the most typical products of Micronesia are weavings, basketry and sculpture carving. It is also possible to find some traditional musical instruments, such as the flute and the seashell, made by hand.

Micronesia History