According to Topmbadirectory, China (officially the People’s Republic of China) is the most populous country in the world and the fourth largest country in the world in terms of area. The Chinese People’s Republic was proclaimed on October 1, 1949. According to the constitution, the state is defined as a people’s republic, based on socialism, the democratic dictatorship of the proletariat, Marxism-Leninism-Maoism and under the full leadership of the Communist Party.
Beijing (Beijing) – once a forbidden city and today the gateway to a global empire – China. Thousands of years of history on the one hand and modern development on the other form an exciting contrast. The Temple of Heaven (Tiantan) and the Forbidden City (Imperial Palace) are just a few examples of the great historical importance of the city. But Beijing is also the economic center of a population of billions and has turned into a bustling metropolis. Some place names have a magical ring to them, evoke expectations, dreams and emotions even (or especially) in people who have never visited the place themselves. And they make you want to go there someday. Beijing is one of those places.
With 18 different climate zones, the climate in China is as diverse as the geography. Continental climate is found in the Northeast. Winter is long, very cold and dry, but often sunny. Summer, on the other hand, is warm and humid because it is influenced by the summer monsoon. Then it can get muggy and warm with 30 °C and high humidity.
With a very large variety of species and biodiversity (especially in the subtropical mountains of the south), an exceptionally large number of endemic species, genera and families of plants and animals as well as diverse ecosystems, China is counted among the megadiverse countries on earth. Due to the different climatic and topographical conditions, the plant world has a great variety of species. Over 30,000 species of vascular plants alone are known. So far, 106 moss families have been counted nationwide, and 52 families and 2,600 breeds of ferns are native to China.
The different habitats are also home to a diverse fauna. This ranges from arctic species in Manchuria to rich tropical wildlife in the south. Altogether there are over 6,300 vertebrates in China, of which 2,469 are terrestrial vertebrates with around 500 mammalian, 1,258 bird, 376 reptile, 345 amphibian and 3862 fish species. There are also hundreds of thousands of invertebrate species, including around 150,000 species of insects.
Today’s People’s Republic of China is the result of a two-hundred-year-long process of change, in which the Chinese Empire was replaced and China was transformed into a modern state. The dramatic events that accompanied this process still shape the country’s political actors today.
The People’s Republic of China is the most populous country in the world. According to the national statistics office, 1,395,380,000 people lived there in 2018, which corresponds to about 18 percent of the world population.
China is a multi-ethnic country. 91.51 percent of the population are Han (around 1.25 billion). The name goes back to the Han Dynasty. However, even this largest population group is not a homogeneous group: over time, strong regional differences developed within the Han in terms of language, dialect, types of settlement, folk tales, clothing and diet.