Gambia Geography and Population



POPULATION: 1,920,000 (2014)

AREA: 11,295 km²

OFFICIAL/OFFICIAL LANGUAGES: English, mandinka, wolof, fulani and approximately 15 other Nigerian-Kordofan languages

RELIGION: Muslims 90%, Christians 9%, natives’ religions 1%

CURRENCY: dalasi


ENGLISH NAME: The Gambia, Republic of The Gambia


POPULATION COMPOSITION: malinke 40%, fulani 15%, wolof 15%, diola 10%, soninke 8%, tukulor 6%, other 6%

GDP PER CAPITA INH.: $ 502 (2012)

LIFE EXPECTANCY: men 62 years, women 66.7 years (2014)




Gambia, small republic of West Africa, which includes a narrow belt around the lower 475 km of the Gambia River. The country was a British colony until 1965 and joined 1982-89 with the enclosing Senegal in the Confederation of Senegambia – a political construct that never gained any particular practical significance. The Gambia is a destination for some charter tourists, including from the Nordic countries.

Gambia – national flag

Gambia – national flag, Gambia adopted its national flag at independence in 1965. The blue stripe in the middle symbolizes the Gambia River, red stands for the sun, green for agriculture, and white for peace and eternity.

Gambia – Geography

Gambia – geography, the mouth of the Gambia River forms the northern part of the Gambia’s Atlantic coast, while the 50 km long southern part has wide sandy beaches with coconut palms. At its mouth lies the capital Banjul surrounded by mangrove forest. Its suburbs lie to the west and turn into the tourist area with coastal hotels. On the coast there are also a few fishing villages, among others. Ghana Town, inhabited by Ghanaian immigrants, who traditionally dry and smoke the fish. Within the coast, the landscape is flat and marked by large, old baobab trees. Close to the Gambia River, the soil is due to the tide of salt for cultivation. Incidentally, the river plain is intensively cultivated with rice fields. On the northern bank lies the village of Juffure, which became known as the birthplace of Kunta KinteAlex Haley’s novel Roots: A Black Family’s Saga (1977). At Soma, the ferry crossing is part of the Transgambian highway connecting the two parts of Senegal.

The climate is tropical with rainy season from April to September inland and from June to October on the coast. The rainfall is greatest on the southern coast, which gets over 1400 mm against approximately 800 mm in the interior of the country. In the dry season these areas are hit by the dry desert wind, the harmattan. Population. The Gambia is densely populated according to African conditions: 91 inc. km2. The main ethnic groups are Malinke, Fulani (Peul), Wolof, Djola and Soninke.Malinkas are Muslims, belong to the Mandinka people and make up 40% of the population. They are traditionally farmers and craftsmen and have retained much of their traditional culture. Wolof is also a Muslim and represents the most important group of traders and city officials. Population growth is just under 3%; each woman gives birth in gnsn. 5-6 children. In particular, the health condition has been poor in the past, and many die from dysentery, malaria, biliary carcinoma and tuberculosis. However, the average lifetime is increasing.

350,000 of the residents are immigrant Senegalese; many thousands are refugees from Casamance in southern Senegal. The border with Senegal has been closed several times.

  • Countryaah: Do you know how many people there are in Gambia? Check this site to see population pyramid and resident density about this country.

Economy. Three-quarters of the population is associated with agriculture. Large areas continue to be cultivated with relocation land where basic crops such as millet, corn and cassava are supplemented with peanuts as sales crops. Peanuts and their products often make up 80% of exports. Tourist revenue, like a significant development aid from the European Union in particular, contributes greatly to the balance of payments. The tourism industry was hit by setbacks after stability was broken by the 1994 coup.

The Gambia – Constitution

The Gambia Constitution, The Constitution of the Second Republic of Gambia is from 1997. The executive power lies with the president, who is both the head of state and head of government. He is elected for a five-year term by direct election and can be re-elected an unlimited number of times. He appoints government members who are responsible both to the president and the National Assembly, which has the legislative power. It has 53 members, 48 ​​of whom are elected by direct election and five are appointed by the president. They are elected for five-year terms.

Gambia – education

Gambia Education, The language of instruction in schools is traditionally English, at the youngest grades, however, one of the Gambian languages. For culture and traditions of Gambia, please check allunitconverters.

The preschools, which are private, are for the 3-7 year olds. The compulsory school, which is not compulsory and is followed by 69% (1992), is six years old and free in contrast to higher education programs. Then follows a three-year middle school, completed by 22% (1992). As a superstructure there is a three-year high school, which is completed by approximately 1%. Almost all high schools are private. Finally, there is a system of four-year vocational education and shorter higher education, eg teacher education, but no university-level education.

The Gambian education system is characterized by the low social status of girls and women and partly by the lack of qualified teachers. Illiteracy in the population over 15 years is widespread and in 1990 it was more than 70%. Among other things. with the support of Danida, several adult education initiatives have been implemented to reduce it; illiteracy was estimated in 2006 to be approximately 60%.

Gambia – history

Gambia – history, The area around the Gambia River was part of the Mali Kingdom from the 1200’s. to the kingdom’s dissolution at the end of 1400-t. malinke, wolof and fulani. In 1455, the Portuguese discovered Cadamosto The Gambia River, and at the end of the century, trading stations shot up especially slave trade. In 1588 the British bought the commercial property, but only in 1660 was Fort James established on an island in the river. The French fortified a trading station at Albreda on the northern bank of the river in 1681, and the two nations remained in contention until 1783, when the British gained the right to the Gambia River near a smaller area around Albreda. In 1807, the British formally banned slave trade, and to enforce this ban and control the entry to the river, in 1816 Bathurst, the present Banjul, was established. In 1857, Albreda also became British, but French expansion in surrounding Senegal prevented further expansions; the British attempt to trade the isolated area failed due to opposition from trade interests in The Gambia and the United Kingdom. Until the period 1843-66, until 1888, Gambia was administered from Sierra Leone. A treaty set the current boundaries in 1889, and five years later Gambia became an independent British protectorate.

Reforms after World War II gradually brought more self-determination. Several parties were founded, including PPP (Protectorate People’s Party, later Progressive People’s Party) in 1959 under Dawda Jawara’s leadership, and in 1965 Gambia became independent with Jawara as Prime Minister. In 1970, Gambia was transformed into a republic – though without withdrawing from the Commonwealth – and Jawara became the country’s first president.

A coup attempt in 1981 was averted with Senegalese assistance; Another consequence of the close neighborhood was the establishment of the Confederation of Senegambia the following year. The state community was dissolved due to disagreement in 1989, but was replaced in 1991 by cooperation and friendship agreements. In July 1994, Jawara was deposed by a bloodless coup led by Yahya Jammehat the head of a group of younger officers. Jammeh suspended the constitution, dissolved the political parties and even assumed the presidential post. In January 1995, Jammeh himself was subjected to a coup attempt. He promised that Gambia would return to democracy with an election in 1996. Jammeh won the election in 1996 and was re-elected in 2001, 2006 and again in 2011 for a five-year term. However, he was criticized from several sides for oppression of opposition and media as well as election fraud.

In October 2013, Gambia surprisingly opted out of the Commonwealth. The state community had previously criticized Jammeh’s autocratic rule.

Fighting between Senegalese military and rebels in Senegalese Casamance province caused thousands of refugees in 2006 to search across the Gambia border.

At the 2016 election, Jammeh was beaten by Adama Barrow. After a period in which Jammeh refused to acknowledge the election results, in January 2017, after strong international pressure, he was forced to leave the country, after which Barrow resigned as president.