About the Country
According to Best-medical-schools, the country of Philippines consists of three main geographical groups: Luzon, Visayas and Mindano. The northern part of the archipelago is the location of the largest island of Luzon. The Visayan region consists of six thousand islands, including Leyte, Panay, Cebu, Samar and Bohol. The second largest island, Mindano, has four hundred smaller islands. The Philippine archipelago owes its place on the world map to the famous Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan. Then the Philippines was captured by the Spaniards, who fought with Portugal for the right to colonize the world. The name of the archipelago was given in honor of the Spanish king Philip II. It consists of 7170 islands and islets, which cover a distance of 1854 kilometers. China borders the Philippines to the north and the Indonesian archipelago to the south. In 1898, the independence of the Philippines was proclaimed. After the end of Spanish rule, the Philippines came under the influence of the United States. The Americans leased the Philippines from the Spaniards for a fee of twenty million dollars. The war for independence broke out in the country, the end of which was in 1905. In 1935, the Commonwealth government adopted its own constitution. When World War II began, Japan took over the Philippines. After its completion, the country was liberated by the American military forces, and since 1946 the country has become completely independent. When World War II began, Japan took over the Philippines. After its completion, the country was liberated by the American military forces, and since 1946 the country has become completely independent. When World War II began, Japan took over the Philippines. After its completion, the country was liberated by the American military forces, and since 1946 the country has become completely independent.
Geography of the Philippines
The Philippine archipelago is part of the Malay Archipelago. Of the huge number of islands, only two thousand are inhabited. The largest of them are Samar, Luzon, Panay, Mindanao, Negros, Palawan, Leyte and Mindoro. About 66 percent of the country’s territory is occupied by the islands of Mindanao and Luzon. From north to south, the archipelago stretches for about 2 thousand kilometers, from west to east – 900 kilometers. The west of the islands is washed by the South China Sea, the east by the Philippine Sea, the south by the Sulawesi Sea, and the north by the Bashi Strait separates them from the island of Taiwan. The coastline has a length of over 36 thousand kilometers. Most of the large islands are of volcanic origin. The central and northern part of the island of Luzon is the location of the largest mountain range of the Cordillera. The islands have active volcanoes.
The total area of the islands is 299.7 thousand square kilometers.
About 76.5 million people live in the Philippines.
The national currency is the Philippine peso (PHP or P), which is equal to 100 centavos.
The official language is Filipino or Tagalog. The business and government sectors, like many others, often use English. There is also a large spread of the Spanish language.
Russian citizens do not need a visa if they enter for less than 21 days
The Philippine climate is characterized by high temperature and humidity. However, two seasons are clearly distinguished: dry and wet. Dry lasts from January to June, and wet – from July to December. Most of the territory has an equatorial climate, and the north has a subequatorial, monsoonal climate. The southern coast is characterized by a temperature of 27-28 °C all year round, while the northern coast is 24-28 °C. Temperatures get colder in the mountains. Most of the Philippines is characterized by significant moisture. The best time to visit the Philippines is from November to May, while June to October is the wet season.