General travel information for Georgia
Geographical location: Borderline between Europe and Asia, east of the Black Sea
Highest elevation: Shchara (5200 m above sea level)
Longest river: Kura (1364 km)
Form of government: Republic System of
Government: semi-presidential system
Languages: Georgian (official language), regional Official language: Abkhaz
Neighboring countries: Turkey, Russia, Armenia, Azerbaijan
Area: Approx. 70,000 km²
Residents: Approx. 3,730,000 people (2018)
Population density: 53 residents per km²
Religions: Approx. 84% Georgian Orthodox Apostle Church, 10% Muslims, 4% Christians
Currency: Georgian Lari (GEL); 1 euro is about 3.5 GEL. Travel
Climate: from subtropical and humid in the west to dry and temperate climate in the east
Time zone: UTC + 4
Area code: +995
Country code: GE, GEO, 268
Electricity: In Georgia sockets of type C and F are used. The mains voltage is 220 V with a 50 Hz change interval.
Travel climate in Georgia
Georgia is protected from cold air waves from the north by the Caucasus and, on the other hand, warmed by the influence of the Black Sea.
The climatic zones range from a subtropical, humid climate in the west to a dry and temperate continental climate in the east. The average air temperature fluctuates between 15 ° C in the west and 11 ° C to 13 ° C in the east. The average rainfall in the west is 3000 mm, in the east 400 mm. Spring in Georgia is short with abrupt climatic fluctuations, and summer is often scorching hot. Autumn is warm and sunny, winter with little snow.
Culture and sights in Georgia
Golden goblets and ornate swords were made in what is now Georgia in ancient times. The country was rich in metallic mineral resources and had been processing them since the 6th century BC. And traded with it. Greek and Roman travelers described paved roads, tiled houses, large cities, and fortresses.
The Georgian culture of the Middle Ages was influenced by Byzantine. The early one- and three-aisled basilicas (Nekresi, Dsweli Shuamta) from the 4th century stand on the foundations of ancient temples, are small and have an almost square floor plan. Large cross-domed churches were built in the 10th and 11th centuries
The UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Georgia include the Historic Churches of Mzeheta, the Sveti Tskhoveli Cathedral, the Jvari Monastery, the Bagrati Cathedral and the Gelati Monastery in Kutaisi, as well as the mountain villages of Svaneti. The other cultural sights of Georgia include in particular the old town of Tbilisi or the fortresses of Narikala / Narikala or Ananuri as well as the cave cities of Vardsi and Uplistsikhe.
One of the natural features of Georgia, in addition to the national parks, is above all the
Voronya limestone cave in Abkhazia in the western Caucasus, which reaches down to a depth of over 2000 m that has been explored up to now.
Holidays in Georgia
|Jan. 1||New Years Day|
|Jan. 2||New Year (2nd day)|
|7th Jan||Orthodox Christmas|
|Jan. 19||Orthodox Epiphany|
|3 March||Mother’s Day|
|8th of March||International Women’s Day|
|Apr 9||National holiday|
|In April||Good Friday|
|In April||Holy Saturday|
|In April||Easter Sunday|
|In April||Easter Monday|
|May 9||day of the victory|
|12th of May||St. Andrew’s Day|
|May 26||Independence day|
|August 28||Assumption Day|
|23 Oct||St. George’s Day|
Medical information for Georgia
For legal reasons, we as a tour operator are not allowed to communicate any binding medical information for Georgia and therefore refer to the information provided by the Foreign Office of the Federal Republic of Germany, the Robert Koch Institute and the German Society for Tropical Medicine and International Health.
Travel advice for Georgia
You can obtain current travel and safety information, information on entering and leaving the country, as well as special criminal information and recommendations for your stay in Georgia from the Federal Foreign Office of the Federal Republic of Germany.
Foreign mission in Georgia
Embassy of the Federal Republic of Germany in Tbilisi
c / o Sheraton Metechi Palace Hotel, Telawi Str. 20, 0103 Tbilisi (Tbilisi), Georgia
Telephone: +995 32 244 73 00
Fax: + 49-30-5000-67133
Website: http: // www.tiflis.diplo.de
Contact to the Embassy
Embassy of Georgia in Berlin
Rauchstrasse 11, 10787 Berlin
Phone: +49 30 484 90 70
Fax: +49 30 484 907 20
Email: [email protected]