OFFICIAL NAME: Grenada
CAPITAL CITY: St. George’s
POPULATION: 110,000 (2012)
AREA: 378 km²
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE (S): English, Creole-English, Creole-French
RELIGION: Catholics 53%, Anglicans 14%, other Protestants 33%
COIN: East Caribbean dollar
CURRENCY CODE: XCD
ENGLISH NAME: Grenada
POPULATION COMPOSITION: Afro-Caribbean 85%, Indians and Pakistanis 3%, whites 1%, mixed 11%
GDP PER residents: 7300 USD (2012)
LIFE EXPECTANCY: men 63 years, women 67 years (2006 est.)
INDEX OF LIVING CONDITIONS, HDI: 0.770
INDEX OF LIVING CONDITIONS, POSITION: 63
INTERNET DOMAIN NAME: .gd
Grenada, independent island state in the Caribbean. Grenada is one of the Windward Islands in the Lesser Antilles. The southern part of the Grenadine archipelago belongs to Grenada. The islands were a British colony until 1974. The country is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations and the Organization of Eastern Caribbean States and has a common supreme court and currency with the other members of the latter association.
The flag was introduced in 1974. The nutmeg must show that nutmeg is the small island’s most important source of income. The stars symbolize the island state’s seven municipalities. The Afro-Caribbean colors should symbolize the Sun and the kindness of the people (yellow), agriculture (green) and harmony, unity and courage (red).
Grenada is of volcanic origin, and the mountainous landscape reaches Mount St. Catherine 840 m; the volcanic activity is confined to some hot springs. Lush valleys with rushing streams stretch from the hinterland towards the coast. The climate is tropical with rainy season from June to December. approximately 10% of the island is covered by forest with teak and mahogany.
Agriculture is favored by soil and climate and covers approximately 15% of the area; it is characterized by small farms with a large variety of tropical crops. Important export products are bananas and cocoa as well as nutmeg and plum, of which Grenada is the world’s second largest producer. The large production of specialty crops means that Grenada imports food in addition to industrial goods and fuel. The main trading partners are the United States, the United Kingdom and the neighboring islands of Trinidad and Tobago.
The population lives close by and is predominantly of African descent. English is the official language, but a French- language Creole is also spoken and, along with the widespread spread of Catholicism, is reminiscent of the French past. Despite a high birth rate (Grenada women on average have just under four children each) and increasing life expectancy, the population is declining due to emigration.
- Countryaah: Do you know how many people there are in Grenada? Check this site to see population pyramid and resident density about this country.
Political instability around 1990 meant that Grenada lagged behind in the race for the large revenues from cruise and yacht tourism in the Caribbean, and the country continues to be plagued by high unemployment, widespread poverty and debt problems.
In 1997, the government granted access to offshore companies. The site has approximately 900 banks and finance companies registered in the country. In order to meet demands from the OECD, in 2001 Grenada tightened supervision of drug trafficking and money laundering. For culture and traditions of Grenada, please check calculatorinc.
When Columbus passed the island in 1498, he named it Concepción. The island was then inhabited by Caribbean Indians, who a few centuries before had displaced the Arawaks. The first attempts at colonization, from the British in 1609 and the French in 1638, were repulsed. In 1650 the island passed into private ownership and 200 French colonists settled. They exterminated the Caribbean, introduced sugar cultivation, and imported African slaves.
In 1763 the island passed to the British. France recaptured it in 1779, but in 1783 it became British again. In March 1795, Julien Fedon started a revolt against the British. The uprising was based on sociopolitical circumstances and was inspired by the French Revolution. Only after 15 months of fighting was the uprising put down. Slavery was abolished in 1834, and in 1877 the island was given the status of a crown colony. Grenada became the headquarters of the Windward Islands Government when it was established in 1885.
Grenada was paralyzed by revolt and general strike in 1951, led primarily by Labor leader Eric M. Gairy (1920-97), and the colony was declared a state of emergency. In 1967, the island gained the status of an associated British state with internal self-government, but on February 7, 1974, it became an independent state within the Commonwealth, and Gairy became prime minister. Prior to independence, there had been bloody riots.
At the subsequent election in 1976, Gairy’s parliamentary power was reduced. On March 13, 1979, the New Jewel Movement took power through a bloodless revolution, and Maurice Bishop became Prime Minister. From the beginning, the United States took a hostile stance on the socialist-oriented government. In October 1983, an internal power struggle broke out in the New Jewel Movement, which resulted in the execution of Maurice Bishop and other senior ministers.
Six days later, on October 25, Grenada was invaded by the United States in alliance with six small island states. A provisional government was formed, leading the country to the December 1984 election. It was won by the Liberal-Conservative coalition, the New National Party (NNP), formed at the initiative of the United States. After defeating the Conservative center-left National Democratic Congress (NDC) in the 1990 election, the NNP regained power in the 1995 election and maintained its position in 1999 and 2003. In 2008, the NNP lost again to the NDC, but regained government power in 2013..
Hurricane Ivan destroyed large parts of the country in 2004, and a new hurricane, Emily, worsened the situation in 2005. The devastation hit homes as well as important business areas for e.g. the production of nutmeg, as well as tourism.