Initially, the territory of modern Namibia was inhabited by Bushmen and Hottenots. In the 16th century, Bantu tribes settled in the northern part of modern Namibia.
The first European settlers appeared here only at the beginning of the 19th century. The colonization of these areas began with the capture of Walvis Bay by Great Britain in 1878 and its annexation to the Cape Colony. In 1883, the German merchant Adolf Lüderitz bought a section of the coast near the Angra-Pekena bay from the leader of one of the Nama tribes, and already in 1884, after signing an agreement with local leaders, the local lands became part of the German colonies. By 1890, Germany had colonized much of what is now Namibia and named it German South West Africa. The German colonists oppressed the local population and took away their land. The Herero peoples were the first to rebel against such a policy, they acted under the leadership of Samuel Maharero. However, the uprising was crushed moreover, the Herero were imprisoned in concentration camps or simply expelled from the territory of the colony. Soon after the suppression of the Herero uprising, the Nama tribes came out against the Germans. Their leaders were Hendrik Witbooy and Jacob Morenga. But this uprising was crushed.
During the First World War in 1915, the Union of South Africa, which fought on the side of Great Britain, defeated the German colonial troops and occupied the territory of German South West Africa. In 1920, the South African government received from the League of Nations a mandate to administer the occupied territory. The apartheid regime was established here: the new authorities established their own laws that consolidated the power of the white population. In 1946, the League of Nations ceased to exist, in its place came the UN, which rejected the request of the Union of South Africa to include the territory of South West Africa in its composition. But the Union of South Africa still refused to transfer the conquered territories under the trusteeship of the UN. In 1966, the UN General Assembly annulled the South African mandate. The international community also did not recognize South Africa’s right to administer this territory. All this led to the fact that the struggle for independence began in the country, the main active force of which was the People’s Organization of South West Africa. This organization was supported by many countries, including the Soviet Union. The result of a long struggle was the declaration of independence of Namibia on March 21, 1990. Check a2zdirectory for old history of Namibia.
To date, the main areas that support the economy of Namibia are mining and manufacturing and tourism.
Namibia is one of the safest African countries for tourism. But still, you should adhere to the basic safety rules: always have a copy of your passport with you, do not travel alone to areas remote from the main cities of the country, do not travel by car at night, buy sightseeing tours only from licensed travel agencies and during excursions to national parks should not leave the guide and listen to his recommendations on the rules of conduct.
Travel to some areas of the country is restricted. So, only with special passes you can get into the Skeleton Coast National Park. Visiting other national parks is possible only with tickets and during the daytime. In some national parks you can stay around the clock, but the night hours must be spent in the camp under the supervision of guides. Most of the territory south of Lüderitz, where the diamond mining areas are located, is closed to the public. However, with a special permit from the Namibian police, you will be able to visit some parts of the region.
Special rules exist for those wishing to hunt. The hunting season runs from February 1st to November 30th. Each hunter must issue a license (permit), which must indicate all the animals that the hunter intends to hunt. You can use both your own weapons and rented. When importing your own weapons and hunting equipment into Namibia, a temporary import permit must be issued at the place of arrival. In order to avoid unnecessary problems when crossing the border, it is recommended to import no more than 1 rifle and 1 shotgun. It is worth remembering that in Namibia it is forbidden to use any types of manual and automatic weapons and crossbows for hunting. Throughout the hunt, the presence of a professional hunter-guide is required. Hunting can start 1.5 hours before sunrise and end no later than 1.5 hours after sunset. The export of hunting trophies is possible only with the appropriate permission of the Department of Wildlife Conservation. Permits for the export of trophies are not issued for animals that are not listed in the hunting license. It is forbidden to export more than two animals of the same species during the year, in addition, it is necessary to consult in advance with the customs services of the countries where the trophies will be exported about the rules for importing such goods.