Traveling by plane
According to top-medical-schools, various airlines offer direct flights between major Ukrainian cities. Ukraine International Airlines (PS) connects Kyiv with Lviv, Dnipro and Odessa, among others. Motor-Sich (M9) flies to the cities of Kyiv, Lviv, Odessa and Zaporizhzhia. Windrose Aviation (7W) operates between Kyiv and Dnipro.
Traveling by car/bus
The important cities can be reached via well-developed roads with fuel and accommodation options. Toll: There is no toll on Ukrainian roads. Gas stations: Unleaded petrol is available at almost all gas stations. Nevertheless, you should fill up the tank at every opportunity and carry a spare canister with you. Fuel can usually only be paid for in cash. For newer diesel vehicles, it is recommended to take an adapter with you, as the fuel nozzles at Ukrainian gas stations often do not fit into the filler neck.
Right-hand traffic/left-hand traffic
Condition of the roads
Much of the road network is paved. The major roads are generally in good condition.
The Ukrainian road network consists of: – international (long-distance) roads (partly motorways); Identification: M on a blue background with a two-digit number; – national (trunk) roads; Identification: Н (Cyrillic N) on a blue background with a two-digit number; – regional roads; Identification: Р (Cyrillic R) with a two-digit number; – territorial roads; Identification: T on a blue background with a four-digit number.
Rental cars are available in larger cities. Drivers must be at least 21 years old and have held a driver’s license for at least two years. A young driver fee is often charged on site for drivers under the age of 25.
Taxis are widely available in cities. In order to avoid excessive fares, it is advisable to agree on a fixed price before starting the journey.
Bicycles and scooters can be rented in the towns.
Buses run regularly between the cities. The bus company Autolux connects different cities at reasonable fares, which already include tea, coffee and snacks. Tickets can be reserved online and picked up at the bus station.
Traffic regulations: – Seat belts are compulsory. – Alcohol limit: 0.0 ‰. – Between October 1st and April 30th, the lights must also be on during the day. – Children shorter than 145 cm or under 12 years old must be transported in the back seat; Infants in a child seat. – Anyone who has held their driving license for less than 2 years is not allowed to drive faster than 70 km/h. Speed limits: – in built-up areas: 50 km/h, in residential areas often 20 km/h; – on rural roads: 90 km/h; – on expressways: 110 km/h; – on motorways: 130 km/h.
The ADAC foreign emergency call offers ADAC members and holders of ADAC foreign health and accident insurance comprehensive assistance in the event of vehicle breakdowns, traffic accidents, loss of documents and money, and medical emergencies. The emergency number is available around the clock; in the event of vehicle damage: Tel. +49 (89) 22 22 22, in the event of illness: +49 (89) 76 76 76.
International driver’s license and international insurance card for motor transport must be carried. If the owner entered in the vehicle registration document is not in the vehicle, the driver must be able to produce a power of attorney with a certified signature and a translation.
Traveling in the city
Buses, trolleybuses and trams are available in most cities. The Kyiv metro is clean, cheap and reliable. However, buses and trolleybuses tend to be overcrowded and run at fairly irregular intervals. On some routes there are minibuses that stop as often as you wish.
Locally on the way by train
The Ukrainian railway company Ukrsalisnyzja operates both the entire railway network and passenger transport. There are daily connections between all major cities. The trains have 3 classes and run with great punctuality. Tickets for trips within Ukraine are much cheaper on the spot than if you book them in advance from Germany, Austria and Switzerland. However, advance booking is advisable for train journeys to and from Odessa and the Crimea, as these are often fully booked in the summer months.
Traveling by ship
River cruises between Kyiv, Sevastopol and Odessa are very popular. Tickets are available from various tour operators.