Ireland – a state in Western Europe, occupies most of the island of Ireland. The name comes from the Irish word “Eire”, which means – the state. Capital – Dublin, currency – euro, languages - Irish, English, religion – Christianity.
According to smb, the climate is temperate maritime. The temperature in winter is -9*С, in summer +20*С. The landscape of the island is mostly flat, and the shores are rocky, indented with bays.
Would you like to be in eternal spring? If so, then you are in Ireland. Ireland is a small country lying on an island in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean. The area of the country is slightly more than 70 km2, the relief is dominated by plains, followed by mountains. The country is rich in meadows, lakes and peat bogs. The country is famous for its ecological purity. When someone talks about Ireland, hundreds of fortresses, castles and ancient cathedrals come to mind, keeping the memory of the centuries-old history of the country and creating the impression of timelessness.
The island was inhabited by the Celts for many centuries BC. In the 9th century, Ireland was conquered by the British and annexed to the English crown. Ireland became the first English colony with a harsh regime. Any liberation movements were punished in the most severe way. For over 800 years, until 1922, Ireland remained a British colony. Dublin was the second largest city in the British Empire.
In 1922, as a result of a liberation uprising, the island was politically divided into Northern Ireland and the Irish Free State (Dominion), which in 1949 became the independent Republic of Ireland. The territory of Northern Ireland (six counties) remained part of the British United Kingdom.
Territory – 68,895 sq. miles. The length from north to south is 465 miles. From east to west – 285 miles. The perimeter of the coast is about 3000 miles. The highest point is Mount Carrauntoohill at 1041 meters above sea level.
Resorts and attractions in Ireland
Often, travel companies bypass Ireland by offering popular excursions around Europe, probably believing that this state is not in proper demand among tourists. But the country is well suited for both single and family travel. Suitable for adventure seekers and experienced travelers. Here you can admire the pure nature and enjoy the nightlife.
If you decide to visit different countries of Europe, be sure to look into Ireland. She is extremely beautiful and interesting. It is also called the Emerald Isle. She received this name for the greenest grass in the world. Thanks to pleasant climatic conditions, the beautiful emerald color of the grass does not change all year round. Vacationing in Ireland means enjoying the diversity of landscapes, getting an incredible amount of experiences that change at every turn of the road, with which this small country abounds. Irish dancing, Irish hospitality, Irish beer, Irish original history – it’s simply impossible to pass by all this. Of the popular resorts are Kjork,Waterford, Shannon, Galway, Clifden, Aran Islands
Ireland is a country of wonderful historical monuments that have survived to our times. Among them is King John’s Castle, built in the 13th century. Now this castle is a national monument. It is magnificent, its architecture is unique. The castle attracts thousands of tourists every year. The castle is a pentagonal fortress, consisting of several compartments. The architecture of Ireland combines the oldest, almost pagan motifs, details that appeared under the influence of England and the current global trends in urban planning.
Dublin has an ancient history, like all stories – unlike any other. In the Middle Ages, it was a small northern kingdom formed by Norwegian sailors on the island of Ireland. Several times it passed from the Norwegians to the Danes and vice versa, and only in the 12th century the English troops captured this territory, declaring the city of Dublin a royal city.
Have you ever been to places where real medieval duels took place? Welcome. Touch the era of the English colonialists in Dublin Castle.
The first people settled the island during the Mesolithic period.
The first national theater (the Abbey Theatre) opened in Dublin in 1904.
Banking hours – from 10.00 to 16.00. On Thursday – from 10.00 to 17.00. It is recommended to change money in banks and specialized exchange offices. When cashing eurocheques, you must have an appropriate plastic card. There are no restrictions on the number of checks. It is very convenient to receive cash on international credit cards – at any time of the day, at ATMs located near almost all bank branches. Shops, hotels, restaurants also accept credit cards.
Shops: Large shops are open in Ireland from 9.00 to 18.00 on weekdays. Some large supermarkets are open on Sunday from 12.00 to 18.00. Many small shops are open from 7.00 to 23.00. If citizens of countries outside the European Community, during a visit to Ireland, when making purchases, take special forms in the store – Tax Back, then when leaving the country they can receive monetary compensation in the amount of 12-17% for exported purchases. There are no temporary or other restrictions on the sale and purchase of alcoholic beverages in Ireland. Alcoholic beverages, including beer, are sold only in retail outlets, including restaurants that have special licenses for this (Off Licence).
Visa: Citizens of non-European Community countries require visas to enter Ireland. For more information, contact your nearest Irish consulate. Or to the Irish Consulate, located in Moscow at the address: Moscow 129010, Grokholsky pereulok, 5. Tel: 742 0907; fax: 975 2066.