Kabul, Afghanistan Historical Review

Kabul, Afghanistan Historical Review

Karabakh had various administrative divisions within tsarist Russia and its territorial integrity was violated. Only during the existence of the Democratic Republic was it possible to recover it.

However, after the establishment of the Nagorno Karabakh Autonomous Oblast (thus it was officially named according to the decree of the Central Executive Committee of Azerbaijan of July 7, 1923), its territorial integrity was again and definitely violated.

The Nagorno Karabakh Autonomous Oblast was formed on a voluntary basis, not taking into account scientific and geographical principles. Autonomy was formed through the union of the settlements where the Armenians ruled. Kabul is the capital city of Afghanistan according to itypemba.

According to the decision of the Commission created to elaborate the Statute of the Nagorno Karabakh Autonomous Oblast, more than 170 settlements were included in it. According to data from the Central Statistical Office of Azerbaijan in 1924, the number of these settlements was increased to 200, [2] , but G.Kocharyan noted that there were 215 settlements [3] .

Conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan

The region became the subject of controversy between Armenia and Azerbaijan when both countries gained independence from the Russian Empire in 1918. This conflict diminished somewhat with the annexation of the two countries to the Soviet Union, which established an autonomous province in the area (1923) under the name of Nagorno Karabakh Autonomous Oblast (NKAO) within the Azerbaijani Soviet Socialist Republic. In the later years of the Soviet Union, the region once again became a source of controversy between Armenia and Azerbaijan, culminating in a major ethnic conflict and the Nagorno-Karabakh War, which was fought between 1991. and 1994.

The October to December of 1991, during the war in Nagorno – Karabakh as a result of the collapse of the Soviet Union, the NKAO and the neighboring region of Shahumyan held a referendum that just turning the area into an “autonomous region” -ocupada by Armenia – under the name of Nagorno-Karabakh. This self-proclaimed “state” was not recognized by any country or international organization, including Armenia despite the fact that the majority of the residents of Upper Karabakh are originally from this nation. Currently this situation of international non-recognition remains in force.

In February 1992, the mediation process for the solution of the Armenian-Azerbaijani conflict in Nagorno Karabakh (territory officially recognized by the United Nations as part of Azerbaijan, illegally occupied by Armenia) began in the framework of the Security and Safety Conference. Cooperation in Europe (CSCE). At the session of the CSCE Council of Ministers held in Helsinki on March 24, 1992, it was decided to hold in Minsk a CSCE conference on Nagorno Karabakh, as a permanent negotiating forum to find a peaceful solution to the conflict based on the principles, obligations and provisions of the CSCE.

The United Nations Security Council in its resolutions 822 (1993) of the 30 of April of 1993 adopted at its 3205 to session, 853 (1993) , of 29 of July of 1993 adopted at its 3259 to session, 874 (1993) , of 14 of October of 1993 adopted at its 3292 a session and 884 (1993) , from December to November of 1993 adopted at its 3313 tosession, condemned the occupation of the territory of the Republic of Azerbaijan, reaffirmed respect for the sovereignty, territorial integrity and inviolability of the borders of the Republic of Azerbaijan and the inadmissibility of the use of force for the acquisition of territories, and also demanded the immediate cessation of hostilities and hostile acts, as well as the immediate, complete and unconditional withdrawal of all Armenian occupation forces from the occupied districts of the Republic of Azerbaijan.

Likewise, the UN General Assembly, guided by the purposes, principles and provisions of the Charter of the United Nations and recalling the resolutions of the Security Council previously listed, as well as its resolutions 48/114 (1993) , of 20 December 1993, entitled International emergency assistance to refugees and displaced persons in Azerbaijan, and 60/285 (2006) dated September 7, 2006, entitled The situation in the occupied territories of Azerbaijan, also recalling the report of the fact-finding mission of the Minsk Group of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe to the occupied territories of Azerbaijan near Nagorno Karabakh and the letter of the co-chairs of the Minsk Group to the Permanent Council of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe on the fact-finding mission, adopted at its sixty-second session held on March 14, 2008 resolution 62/243 (2008) entitled The situation in the occupied territories of Azerbaijan, in which it is reaffirmed that no State will recognize as lawful the situation created by the occupation of the territories of the Republic of Azerbaijan or provide aid or assistance to maintain that situation; respect and support for the sovereignty and territorial integrity of the Republic of Azerbaijan within its internationally recognized borders, the inalienable right of the population expelled from the occupied territories of the Republic of Azerbaijan to return to their homes and emphasizes the need to create adequate conditions for their return, including the full rehabilitation of the territories affected by the conflict; demanding the immediate, total and unconditional withdrawal of all Armenian forces from all the occupied territories of the Republic of Azerbaijan.

Kabul, Afghanistan Historical Review