Luxembourg – key data
Area: 2,586 km²
Population: 503,302 (July 2011 estimate, CIA). Composition: Luxembourgers 55.5%, Portuguese 16.5%, French 5.8%, Italians 4.1%, Belgians 3.5%German 2.5%, Serbs 1.6%, British 1.1%, Dutch 0.9%, others 8.5% (2008)
Population density: 195 residents per km²
Population growth: 1.145% per year (2011, CIA).
Capital city: Luxembourg (90,000 residents, 2009, metropolitan area 142,033 residents)
Highest point: Buurgplaatz, 559 m
Lowest point: Sparrow (confluence ofMoselle and Sauer), 129 m
Form of government: Luxembourg has been a parliamentary monarchy since 1866. The Luxembourg Constitution dates from 1868, the last constitutional amendment was made in 1956. The Luxembourg Parliament consists of 60 members who are elected every 5 years. The State Council with 21 members has an advisory role. Luxembourg has been independent since 1815 and, on April 18, 1951, was one of the founding members of the European Coal and Steel Community, which formed the core of what would later become the European Union (EU).
Administrative division: 3 districts: Diekirch, Grevenmacher and Luxemburg
Head of State: Grand Duke Henri, since October 7, 2000
Head of Government: Prime Minister Jean-Claude Juncker, since January 20, 1995
Language: Luxembourg has had three official languages since 1984: French, German and Luxembourgish (national language)
Religion: Roman Catholic 87%, Protestants, Jews and Muslims 13% (2000)
Local time: CET. Between the last Sunday in March and the last Sunday in October there is summer time in Luxembourg (CET + 1 hour).
The time difference to Central Europe in both winter and summer 0 h.
International phone code: +352
Mains voltage: 230 V, 50 Hz
According to allcitycodes, the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg is located in Western Europe and borders Germany to the east, Belgium to the west and France to the south. With its total area of 2,586 square kilometers, it is only 17 square kilometers larger than that Saarland. Therefore, the extension from north to south is only 82 kilometers and the distance from east to west is only 57 kilometers.
Luxembourg consists of two large landscapes, which could not be more different: In the north are the Luxembourg Ardennes, which occupy around 32% of the country’s area and are called Ösling or Eisslek by the Luxembourgers. This is followed by the Gutland or Bon Pays, which is about twice as large and much lower down.
With its impressive age of around 370 million years, the Ösling low mountain range is the older of the two regions. It is covered with forest Knolls and plateaus, heathland, meadows and farmland shaped and traversed by the deeply cut valleys of the Sauer and Our and their tributaries. This region of Luxembourg is sparsely populated, with the majority of the few towns and scattered farms mainly in the river valleys and in protective hollows. The barren slate soil is hardly suitable for agriculture and only allows the cultivation of potatoes and undemanding grains such as rye and barley. The highest point in the Grand Duchy is the 559 meter high Buergplaz near Huldange in the northernmost tip of the Ösling.
To the south of the Ardennes landscape, the slate and quartz soil goes into the fertile estate over which belongs to the Lorraine layer plain land. It stretches in terraces in several stages with extensive flat hollows up to the border with France and reaches its lowest point at Wasserbillig at around 129 meters. The minette (translated: small ore) is practically in the extreme south of Luxembourg, a layer with very rich iron deposits, the development of which in the 19th century contributed significantly to the country’s prosperity.
The Moselle, which, together with the Sauer, is the two most important rivers, plays an important role in Luxembourg of the Grand Duchy and at the same time acts as a natural border with Germany. Wine and excellent types of fruit thrive in the Moselle valley; Alongside Gutland and Ösling, the Moselle valley is often referred to as the third significant natural area in Luxembourg.
The climate in Luxembourg is warm Summers and cold winters moderate.
Best travel time for Luxembourg
The sunniest months are May through August, although April and September can also be beautiful. In spring, many areas of Luxembourg are covered with flowers. theHigh seasonin Luxembourg is in summer, during this time there are many festivals and outdoor activities are easily possible. In autumn, wine and harvest festivals take place in the villages along the Moselle.