Maine History

Maine History

Maine is a US state. The state capital is Augusta, while Portland is the largest city. The state has 1.3 million residents (2006).

Maine borders the Atlantic Ocean to the south and east, to the north and northeast to the Canadian province of New Brunswick, and to Quebec to the northwest. Maine is the northernmost state in New England and at the same time the largest with almost half of the region’s area. Maine is also the only state in the continental United States that borders only one other state ( New Hampshire to the west). See directoryaah for museums in Maine.

TIMELINE:

11,500 BCE – The Paleo-Indians settled in Maine.

1000 – According to Icelandic sagas, Leif the Happy was the first to come to North America, which he called Vinland. He is known to be the first of European descent to overwinter in North America (when Greenland is excluded), and returned home to Greenland after 3 years.

1524 – The Italian seafarer, Giovanni de Verranzano, was the first European to explore the coastal area of ​​Maine in the hope of finding a passage to the Pacific Ocean. He explored the North American east coast from Cape Fear (in present-day North Carolina ) and northward presumably as far as Cape Breton in Nova Scotia. He was the first European to penetrate New York Bay. He disappeared in 1528 on his voyage to Brazil, and it is speculated that he may have ended his days at the hands of the native Indians during his third voyage of discovery in the New World somewhere in the Antilles.. Other sources say he was captured by the Spaniards and hanged as a pirate in Cadiz.

1604 – The first European settlement in Maine was founded by a group of French people who, among other things. included the explorer Samuel de Champlain. The French named the whole area, including later Maine, Acadie.

1622 – Western Maine becomes the province of Maine, and the less populated eastern part becomes Sagadahock Territory in the 17th century.

1623 – America’s first sawmill is established on the Piscataqua River near York.

1675-1763 – Several conflicts between North American forces.

1785 – The Falmouth Gazette, Maine’s first newspaper, is published. See the front page preserved here. Read more here.

1812 – American and British forces fight for Maine’s territory during the American Revolutionary War and the British-American War.

1820 – Maine becomes the 23rd state of the United States on March 15 at the conclusion of the Missouri Compromise, which included both Maine and Missouri as states in the United States while maintaining the balance between slave states and free states.

1832 – The original capital, Portland, is moved to Augusta.

1839 – Governor John Fairfield declares war on England over a border conflict between New Brunswick and northern Maine. It is the first and only time a state has declared war on a foreign power. The conflict was resolved without bloodshed. Read more here. And here.

1851 – Harriet Beecher Stowe begins writing her book, Uncle Tom’s Cottage, in Brunswick. This short story had a great impact on the perception of slavery in its contemporaries. In its first year, the book sold 300,000 copies in the United States. One million copies were sold in the UK.

1863 – Joshua Chamberlain was a U.S. professor from Maine who volunteered for the American Civil War, where he became a highly respected and decorated officer who was eventually promoted to major general. For his courage in the Battle of Gettysburg, he was awarded the Medal of Honor of Congress.

Maine also became the first state to ban alcohol sales that year. It was withdrawn in 1934.

1866 – Portland is burned to the ground more or less, on the first day of independence, July 4, a year after the end of the American Civil War. Five years before the great fire in Chicago in 1871 ( here ), this became the largest fire in an American city. It started in a boathouse, either ignited by fireworks or cigar ashes. The fire spread quickly in the city, 2 died, 10,000 became homeless and 1800 buildings burned to the ground.

1898 – In January, the USS Maine, America’s first battleship, is sent to Havana, Cuba, to protect American interests at a time of uprising and unrest on the island. On the evening of February 15, a violent explosion occurred on the USS Maine when the bulk of the ship’s gunpowder stock exploded in the air. The front third of the ship was blown away and the rest sank quickly. As a result of the explosion, 224 men died. However, the captain and most of the officers survived when they stayed in the stern.

1916 – Acadia National Park is the first national park to be established east of the Mississippi River, and is the only national park in the states that make up New England. It was created by President Woodrow Wilson on July 8, 1916 under the name Sieur de Mons. National Monument, and it was placed under the administration of the National Park Services Administration. On January 19, 1929, the park changed its name to the present.

1920 – Women gain the right to vote.

1947 – A very large portion of the total forest area in Maine burned due to the very dry summer. Also Acadia National Park was hit. Over 40 km² of forest burned in a fire that lasted 10 days, and which in addition to the local fire department was fought by units from the Coast Guard, Army, Navy, and firefighters from the National Park Service. The re-establishment of the park was mainly funded by the Rockefeller family, not least John D. Rockefeller, Jr..

1967 – Stephen King, the later famous horror writer, publishes his first professional short story ” The Glass Floor ” in Startling Mystery Stories.

1973 – Stephen King’s first real short story, Carrie, was published in 1974, shortly after his mother died, and King, who was deeply intoxicated at the time, gave a speech at his mother’s funeral while intoxicated. However, King then wrote a number of other books in the 70s and 80s, which were filmed later.

1998 – Maine’s worst natural disaster, in the form of an ice storm, began in the first week of January.

2000 – A new law makes it illegal to name cities with racist or derogatory words such as “squaw” or “negro”.

2009 – A new world record is set in low temperatures in a state of -50 degrees in January.

Maine History