Mexico is a country in North America. Shared borders with the US in the north, with Belize and Guatemala in the southeast.
Capital of Mexico City (more than 20 million inhabitants). According to smb, the official language is Spanish (more than 50 Indian dialects are spoken in some areas). Currency – Mexican peso (Mexican peso – 100 centavos, 1 $ USA = approximately 11 pesos. Denoted by $ with one line. Parallel to the peso, the US dollar is accepted for payment). Religion – Catholicism.
The official name is the United Mexican States. Administrative-territorial division: 31 states and 1 metropolitan federal district. Population – 104.96 million people (2004) of which mestizos – 60%, Indians (Aztecs, Mayans, Zapotecs, etc.) -30%. Urban population – 75.3%, rural – 24.7%.
Mexico is an industrial-agrarian country, one of the most economically developed in Latin America. Mexico has three time zones. In the central, eastern and southern parts of the country (including Mexico City and Cancun) time is 9 hours behind Moscow in summer and 8 hours in winter.
The duration of the flight is 15-18 hours.
Mexico has a tropical and temperate climate. Average temperature +25 *C. The climate is very diverse, changing depending on the width and height above sea level. The central regions have a dry and temperate climate. The southern coastal areas are hot and humid. The hottest and rainiest months are from May to October. At this time in the afternoon there are heavy but short showers, and in the morning you can always enjoy the sun.
Telephone code 52, Mexico City – 55, Cancun – 998. Phone calls from a hotel room are very expensive. It is more economical to use pay phones and call to Russia with a Ladatel phone card worth 100 pesos. This is approximately 5 minutes of conversation. Dialing order: 00 + 7 (Russian code) + area code + phone number. GSM 900/1800 mobile phones do not work.
Useful phone numbers
Embassy of the Russian Federation in Mexico City – Mexico City (Jose Vasconcelos, 204, Hipodromo Condesa, Mexico DF) Tel: (+52 55) 273-1305, 516-0870, fax (+52 55) 273-1545.
Mexico is a state that occupies the northern, widest part of the isthmus, stretching south of the US border and connecting North America with South America. In the west, the coast of Mexico is washed by the waters of the Pacific Ocean and the Gulf of California, in the east by the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea; in the south it borders on Guatemala and Belize. Mexico was the cradle of the ancient civilizations of the New World. The land of the Aztecs and the ancient Mayan civilization. Today Mexico is a unique and vibrant interweaving of past and present. This land surprisingly combines dense impenetrable jungles, the widest plains, fabulous mountains and volcanoes, fantastic landscapes and graceful pyramids. This country of proud and open people,
Visa entry. Issued at the Embassy of Mexico in Moscow (tel. 201-48-48).
Resorts and attractions in Mexico
Mexico City was founded in 1325 by the Aztec Indians. Named after the Aztec god of war, Mehitli. Now the city is located almost in the very center of the country. It is spread out on a hill in the southern part of the Mexican Highlands and is located at an altitude of 2240 meters above sea level. Mexico City is surrounded by mountains on all sides.
As you know, Mexico City is the most densely populated urban agglomeration in the Western Hemisphere. Mexico City, including its suburbs, has a population of over 21 million – with an incredible population density of 25,400 people per square mile. The Mexicans even came up with a pyramidal “earth scraper” 300 meters deep.
From the center of the city, houses diverge, rising and falling in endless rings along the hills, like waves in the ocean, creating a breathtaking effect. But living in such a place is hardly pleasant. Over a metropolis like Mexico City hangs the constant problem of rapid population growth, resulting in a lack of infrastructure and a normal relationship between man and space.
The agglomeration has a complex structure: the central and southern parts of the city, together with the southern foothills, form the Federal District, a special administrative unit within Mexico at the state level. Almost the rest of the urban agglomeration is included in various municipalities of the state of Mexico and in one municipality of the state of Hidalgo. The basis of public transport in Mexico City is the subway, the longest in Latin America.
Cozumel is the largest island in Mexico. This is one of the best resorts in the country. Nearby is the Yucatan Peninsula with its famous 700 km coral reef. Because of this, the island is popular with spearfishers and scuba divers. The ruins of Mayan structures still remain on the island.
Los Cabos is a prestigious young resort located in the south of the California peninsula. The resort area is dotted with exclusive hotels, immersed in greenery and flowers, and where it ends, amazing dunes and a desert surrounded by unique landscapes and panoramic views appear. Los Cabos is a royal resort, even helped by the climate, as there are only eight rainy days a year. Rest in this resort, which attracts tourists from all over the world, will be an amazing and unforgettable adventure for you.
Velacruz resort town in Mexico. It is famous for its unique tobacco fields. The resort attracts the attention of tourists from many parts of the world, thanks to the stunning views of the sea and the surrounding area. Velacruz is popular among fishing enthusiasts, where even the most remote areas have all the conditions for a successful bite and a good rest. The marine flora and fauna is so rich that it fascinates at first sight.
Merida rightfully considered a historical masterpiece of Mexican architecture. This amazing city has 450 years of history and is a powerful economic and social center of the Yucatan state. The ancient city has its own original traditions, which came here from the time of the Spanish conquerors and European colonists. Unusual horse-drawn cabriolets still drive around the streets of the city. For history buffs, Merida is a real find.
The territory of Mexico was inhabited by humans already 20,000 years ago.
Mexico City – is considered the largest city in terms of length, to overcome which in a straight line you will need to go more than 200 km.
Ciudad Juarez – the Mexican border town is considered the most criminal in the world. Every year, about 190 people are killed here for every 100,000.
The import of fruits, vegetables and plant seeds is prohibited. Duty-free import of 200 cigarettes is allowed; alcoholic beverages up to 3 liters; clothes, things and cosmetics for personal use, photo and video equipment, 1 item per person, souvenirs and gifts, the value of which does not exceed $300..
Public transport in Mexico has an extensive network and is quite affordable. These are bus and train routes. There are taxis in all settlements. The cost of a taxi ride for 1 km is about $ 1. There is a surface metro in Mexico City. Domestic airlines are in great demand.
Electrical voltage 110W American-style flat plug sockets are used. It is advisable to have adapters.
Mexican cuisine is one of the most varied and delicious in the world. National dishes cannot do without one of three typical components: The most famous dishes are tortillas (corn tortillas), fahotos, burritos, quesadillas, guacamole sauce. Although Mexican cuisine is known for its love of spicy chili peppers, tourist destinations and resorts have adapted food for tourists unaccustomed to spicy dishes. Hot sauces are served separately. National drinks include beer, mezcal and the world-famous tequila.
As a souvenir, you can buy a variety of silver products, often repeating Indian motifs, handmade carpets and fabrics, ponchos and serape capes, sombreros, leather products, masks and figures made of wood, ceramics, obsidian and onyx products.
To conclude a rental agreement, you need a driver’s license, a credit card, and insurance. Rental price – from $40 per day, depending on the season and car class. The main highways have a rather high road tax, but these roads are of good quality. The speed limit varies from 20 km / h (in some cities and resorts) to 110 km / h (on high-speed toll roads).