According to localcollegeexplorer, the Autonomous Republic of Moldova was established in 1924, on Ukrainian territories E of Dnestr, after the Romanian annexation of Bessarabia (1920). The latter passed to the USSR, together with Bucovina, in 1940: northern Bukovina, southern Bessarabia and part of the Moldavian Republic were assigned to Ukraine, while northern Bessarabia, united with the remaining territories of the Moldavian Republic, formed the Socialist Republic Soviet Union of Moldova. Once again annexed to Romania (1941-44), after the war Moldova followed the political events of the USSR and from the 1970s until about the mid-1980s it was subjected to an intense policy of Russification.
Having become the scene, like the other countries of the USSR, of profound political upheavals, after the 1990 elections Moldova carried out a policy of de facto secession: in June the sovereignty of the Moldovan state was proclaimed and the 1940 annexation of the Bessarabia; in May 1991 the name of the country was changed to the Republic of Moldova. After the failed coup in the USSR, Moldova proclaimed independence (27 August 1991) and in December joined the CIS. The crisis in relations between the Romanian-speaking majority and the Gagauza and Slavic minorities led to the proclamation by the latter of independent republics: Gaugatia and Transnistria. In 1995 Gagauzia assumed a status of wide autonomy, while in Transnistria,
The laborious definition of a national identity and the laborious attempt to find an autonomous position for Moldova in the regional context was accompanied by an economic situation marked by a serious backwardness of the productive apparatus. The political elections of March 1998 were won by the Communist Party, banned in 1991 and legalized again in 1994, and the secretary of the Communist Party, V. Voronin, became president of the Republic, then reconfirmed in 2005 after the new electoral success of the Communists. Voronin tried to reaffirm the prerogatives of the central power with respect to autonomist pressures and to alleviate social unrest with a relaunch of welfare measures, passing in foreign policy from pro-Russian positions to an openness to Europe. The victory of the Communist Party in April 2009, however, disputed with heated street demonstrations, a sufficient majority did not emerge to elect the new president. The elections were then repeated in July, but not even the winning four-party center-right alliance was able to designate Voronin’s successor, to whom they subtracted. ad interim first Moldova Ghimpu, then in 2010 Moldova Lupu. Only in March 2012, after three years of negotiations and three political elections, did Parliament elect the new president in the person of N. Timofti, the liberal and pro-European candidate of the Alliance for European Integration that has governed the country since 2009.
In the parliamentary elections held in November 2014, the main pro-Western parties won the majority of 101 seats in the Legislative Assembly: in particular, about 20.5% of the votes and 25 seats went to the Socialist Party, while the Liberal Democratic Party of the premier I. Leancă registered about 20.1% of the votes, followed by the Democratic Party (15.8%) and the Liberal Party (9.5%). In February of the following year, Parliament voted its confidence in the new government, headed by Prime Minister C. Gaburici, an exponent of the Liberal Democratic Party who led a minority government also made up of the Democratic Party and the Communist Party; who resigned in June 2015 following accusations of falsifying his qualifications, was replaced ad interim by N. Snegur-Gherman (June-July 2015), who held the position until the appointment of V. Streleț. In the following months there were violent street protests to demand a substantial renewal of the ruling class, and in October, after the vote of no confidence in the executive headed by Streleț, he was appointed prime minister ad interim the liberal deputy G. Brega, who since January 2016 has been replaced by P. Filip. In the first round of the presidential elections, held in October, the pro-Russian candidate I. Dodon, a member of the Socialist Party and given the lead in the polls, failed to obtain an absolute majority, winning 48.5% of the votes against 38., 2% of the opponent, the European Moldova Sandu, from whose comparison in the runoff held the following month he came out the winner with about 55% of the votes, taking over from Timofti. The political elections held in February 2019 have drawn an uncertain political picture, with the socialists of the Partidul Socialiştilor din Republica Moldova (PSRM) setting themselves up as the first party (about 31% of the votes), followed by the center-right European coalition ACUM (26%) and by Democrats (24%). In the following June, the institutional clash that in the previous months had seen the Democratic Party linked to the oligarch V. Plahotniuc, initially in charge of leading the country until the formation of a new government, and the coalition formed after the agreement between the socialists of Dodon and the liberal and pro-European alliance ACUM of the former consultant of the World Bank Moldova Sandu, in charge of assuming the leadership of the government. Disheartened by Parliament, in November 2019 she took over from the political woman in the position of Prime Minister of the country I. Chicu. In the run-off of the presidential consultations held in November 2020, Sandu still prevailed with 57% of the preferences on the outgoing president Dodon, taking over from him. ; following the electoral result, in the following month the Parliament entrusted N. Gavrilița with the task of forming the new executive.