General travel information for Mongolia
Geographical location: Central Asia north of the Himalayas, located in the northern hemisphere.
Highest elevation: Chüiten in the Altai Mountains (4,374 m above sea level)
Longest river: Orkhon (1,400 km)
Form of government: Parliamentary republic System of
Government: Parliamentary democracy
Neighboring countries: Russia and China
Capital: Ulan Bator
Area: Approx. 1,564,000 km²
Residents: Approx. 3.18 million people (2018)
Population density: Approx. 2 residents per km²
Religions: Mainly Buddhism, Lamaism and Shamanism, minorities with followers of Islam, Christianity and ethnic religions.
Currency: Tugrik, 1 EUR is about 3 MNT; Travel
Climate: continental to arrides climate with extreme temperature contrasts
Time zone: UTC + 7 to UTC + 8
Area code: +976
Country code: MN
Electricity: In Mongolia, the sockets of type C and E. used. The mains voltage is 230V with a 50Hz change interval. A travel plug adapter is an advantage. An overview of the sockets and plugs used in our travel countries can be found at wikipedia.de.
- Check a2zdirectory for old history of Mongolia and agooddir for modern history of Mongolia.
Travel climate in Mongolia
Mongolia has a pronounced and dry continental climate with sometimes considerable temperature differences between summer and winter temperatures as well as between day and night temperatures. While the average daytime temperatures do not rise above -25 ° C in winter, they reach a good 20 ° C in summer and, with a temperature difference of almost 50 ° C, are well above the temperature contrasts familiar from Central Europe. The temperature fluctuations between day and night can be over 30 ° C. The average annual rainfall does not exceed 220 mm, in the Gobi desert it is even less than 100 mm per year. Most precipitation falls from May to September and reaches the highest productivity with over 400 mm in the north of the country.
National parks and nature conservation in Mongolia
Mongolia is one of the most progressive countries in the world both in terms of nature conservation and in the endeavor to achieve sustainable and resource-conserving natural development. During the times of the growth-oriented socialist economy, the nature and landscape of Mongolia were seriously affected by erosion, overgrazing and deserfication. Mining, industry and the military have also contributed to severe local environmental damage. Due to the special location in the border area between the densely forested boreal and the dry steppes and deserts of the Gobi in inner Central Asia and characterized by the extraordinarily large climatic contrasts, a unique landscape, flora and fauna has developed in the area of Mongolia, whose special need for protection the residents of the country have now recognized and implemented with a series of modern laws and the “Biodiversity Conservation Action Plan for Mongolia” as well as other measures. This also includes, in particular, the designation of 24 national parks with a total area of approx. 96,000 km² and 18 nature reserves with a total area of approx. 109,000 km². In addition, there are 20 nature reserves with an area of approx. 20,000 km² and a further 9 natural monuments with an area of more than 1,000 km², many of which are now UNESCO World Heritage Sites. However, the progressive nature conservation in Mongolia cannot hide the significant and existing environmental problems caused by emissions from obsolete power plants and industrial plants, pollution and desiccation of water bodies,
The national parks that are definitely worth seeing during a trip through Mongolia are the Tavan Bogd National Park in the Altay, the Tsambagaraw Lul National Park located on several glaciers and in the home of the snow leopard, the Gurwansajkhan National Park with fossil dinosaur bones, huge sand dunes and bizarre rock formations in the Gobi Desert the Chustain-Nuruu National Park south of Ulan Bator with the last wild horses, and also the largest lake areas of Mongolia in the northwest with the Uws-Nuur National Park, the Chöwsgöl-Nuur National Park and the Char-Us-Nuur National Park.
Fixed-date holidays in Mongolia
Jan 1st New Years
Jan 13th Constitution Day
5-7. Feb. Chinese New Year
March 8th International Women’s Day
Jun 1st. International Children’s Day
11-15. Jul. National Day
Nov 26th Republic Day
Nov 27th Genghis Khan Day
Dec 29th Independence Day
Medical information for Mongolia
For legal reasons, we as a tour operator are not allowed to communicate any binding medical information for Mongolia and therefore refer to the information provided by the Foreign Office of the Federal Republic of Germany, the Robert Koch Institute and the German Society for Tropical Medicine and International Health.
Travel advice for Mongolia
You can obtain current travel and safety advice, information on entering and leaving the country, as well as special criminal information and recommendations for your stay in Mongolia from the Federal Foreign Office of the Federal Republic of Germany.
Mission abroad in Mongolia
Embassy of the Federal Republic of Germany in Ulan Bator (There are other honorary consulates in Sibiu and Timisoara) Administrative
District / consular district: Mongolia
Place: Ulan Bator
Street address: Baga Toiruu – 2, United Nations Street 16, Ulan Bator 14201
Postal address: Embassy of the Federal Republic of Germany, C. – PO Box 708, Ulan-Bator 15160, Mongolia
Phone: +976 7013 3900
Fax: +49 30 1817 671 77
Email: Contact form
Official languages im Host country: Mongolian, English
Embassy of Mongolia in Berlin(There are other honorary consulates in Cologne, Frankfurt and Munich)
Street address: Hausvogteiplatz 14
Postal address: Hausvogteiplatz 14, 10117 Berlin
Telephone: 030 474 80 60
Fax: 030 474 806 16
E-mail: [email protected]