ETYMOLOGY: the country’s name means ‘black mountain’ locally as well as in most Western European languages, and refers to the dark coniferous forests on and around Mount Lovćen in southwestern Montenegro.
OFFICIAL NAME: Crna Gora
FORM OF GOVERNMENT: parliamentary republic
CAPITAL CITY: Podgorica, Cetinje, however, has the status of Montenegro’s ancient royal capital.
POPULATION: 628,000 (2019)
AREA: 13,452 km
TOTAL AREA: 13,812 km
Residents PER KM²: 46.7 (2019)
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE (S): Serbian 43.88%, Montenegrin 36.97% (official), Bosnian 5.33%, Albanian 5.27%, Romanian 0.83%, Bosnian 0.59%, Croatian 0.45%, Macedonian 0.09%, Hungarian 0.04%, German 0.02%, Slovenian 0.02%, others 3% (2011)
RELIGION: Christian Orthodox 72.07%, Muslims 19.11%, Catholics 3.44%, Atheists 1.24%, Christians 0.24%, Adventists 0.14%, Agnostics 0.07%, Jehovah’s Witnesses 0.02%, Protestants 0.02%, Buddhists 0.02%, indefinite 2.61%, others 1.02% (2011)
NATIONAL DAY: July 13 is both the day on which the Berlin Congress in 1878 recognized Montenegro as the 27th independent state in the world, and the day on which the Montenegrins in 1941 rebelled against the Axis powers, which had occupied Yugoslavia earlier that year.
HEAD OF STATE: President Milo Đukanović (since 20 May 2018)
PRIME MINISTER: Prime Minister Duško Marković (since 28 November 2016)
SYMBOL: Montenegro’s national symbol is the two-headed eagle, and the country’s national colors are red and gold.
CURRENCY CODE: EUR
NATIONAL ANTHEM: “Oj, svijetla majska zoro” (Oh, corn bright dawn)
ENGLISH NAME: Montenegro
INDEPENDENCE: June 3, 2006 (from the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro)
POPULATION COMPOSITION: Montenegrins 44.98%, Serbs 28.73%, Bosniaks 8.65%, Albanians 4.91%, Muslims (ethnic group) 3.31%, Roma 1.01%, Croats 0.97%, Egyptians 0.33 %, Yugoslavs 0.19%, Russians 0.15%, Macedonians 0.15%, Slovenes 0.06%, Hungarians 0.05%, Italians 0.02%, Germans 0.02%, unspecified 4.87%, other 1.42%, regional identity 0.19% (2011)
GDP PER residents: $ 7,702.6 (2019)
LIFE EXPECTANCY: men 73.6 years, women 78.5 years (2019)
INDEX OF LIVING CONDITIONS, HDI: 0.816 (2018)
INDEX OF LIVING CONDITIONS, POSITION: 52 (2018)
GINI COEFFICIENT: 39 (2015)
CO EMISSIONS PER residents: 3.5 tons (2019)
INTERNET DOMAIN NAME: .me
Montenegro is a republic in the Balkans. Montenegro has been an independent, internationally recognized republic since June 2006.
Montenegro consists predominantly of high, in many places impassable mountains, which culminate in the limestone massif Durmitor (2522 m). The mountains extend southwest to the southernmost part of the Dalmatian coast, where the colorful karst landscape reaches close to the coast between Budva and Petrovac.
- Countryaah: Do you know how many people there are in Montenegro? Check this site to see population pyramid and resident density about this country.
A deep fjord stretches all the way to the old, fortified town of Kotor. Behind the coast lies the Zeta plain and further south Lake Shkodra. The sheltered Mediterranean coastal areas with subtropical vegetation are replaced by harsh inland mountain areas, where snow occurs during the summer. Only parts of the former extensive forests of beech, oak or ash remain. Farming, in many places grazing with especially sheep farming, remains an important occupation in Montenegro. For culture and traditions of Montenegro, please check aparentingblog.