General travel information for Morocco
Geographical location: Northwest Africa, on the Mediterranean coast and the Atlantic
Highest elevation: Jabal Toubkal (4167 m above sea level)
Longest river: Oum er Rabia (555 km)
Form of government: Hereditary monarchy System of
Government: Constitutional monarchy
Languages: Arabic and Tamazight
Neighboring countries: Western Sahara (occupied by Morocco) and Algeria
Area: Approx. 447,000 km²
Residents: Approx. 34 million people (2017)
Population density: 76 residents per km²
Religions: About 99% Muslims, small minorities of Christians and Jews
Currency: Dirham; 1 EUR is approximately 10.5 MAD. Travel
Climate: Mediterranean and continental-arid travel climate
Time zone: UTC
Area code: +212
Country code: MA
Electricity: In Morocco, type C and E sockets are used. A travel plug adapter is an advantage. The mains voltage varies from region to region and is either 127 or 220V with a 50Hz change interval.
Travel climate in Morocco
The climate in Morocco ranges from Mediterranean conditions in the north-west to continental and Sahara-influenced climates in the south-east and south of the travel destination. These two climatic zones of Morocco are strictly separated from each other by the main ridge of the Middle and High Atlas and thus also ensure clear differences in the vegetation on both sides of the mountains.
In the north-west of the country, temperatures averaged 27 ° C in summer and it is very dry, while temperatures in January average 12 ° C. The winters are mild and rich in precipitation, with the amount of precipitation decreasing towards the south. In the inland direction, the sea quickly loses its influence in favor of the continental climate that spreads from the Sahara and prevails in the central Meseta and the Atlas Mountains. In Marrakech, which already has an average summer temperature of 29 ° C, it can get up to 45 ° C on some days, while in winter the temperatures can often be around freezing point. The precipitation here is rather low with 250 mm per year.
South of the Atlas Mountains there is an extremely dry and hot desert climate, with very irregular rainfall that rarely reaches 200 mm per year. During the summer months, the sirocco blows from time to time, a hot, dusty wind from the Sahara, which can sometimes make motorcycling difficult on our adventure trips and can also rob you of the view in a 4×4 vehicle.
Culture and sights in Morocco
As in every country, the culture in Morocco is shaped by the people who live in it. In today’s Morocco, many cultures have mixed and influenced each other over the centuries. Originally the population of Morocco consisted of the Berbers, who traditionally lived as sedentary farmers in villages made of clay or as wandering nomads. In the eighth century, Arab troops conquered the region as part of the spread of Islam, which from then on played a key role in the cultural development of Morocco, and the Islamic mosques and palaces are still some of the most impressive buildings in the country for travelers. In addition, the Berbers were able to maintain their cultural identity to a large extent, but today the majority of Moroccans still profess Islam.
A variety of cultural sights are recommended for traveling through Morocco.
Chefchaouen: This small town in northern Morocco is also called ‘the blue city’. The reason for this is the blue paint on the house façades, which allows the whole city to immerse itself in this color.
- Royal cities: There are 4 royal cities in Morocco, all of which have their own past and associated sights and are all worth a visit when traveling through Morocco. They include Marrakech, Fez, Meknes and Rabat.
- Essaouria: This former hippy town is located on the Atlantic coast north of Agadir.
- Sidi Ifni: Also known as the ‘Gateway to the Sahara’, this small coastal town is 160 km southwest of Agadir.
In addition to the cultural sights, the diverse landscape is also worth discovering while traveling through Morocco. Hollywood has already discovered these unique Moroccan backdrops for its films. For example, scenes from the films ‘Alexander’, ‘Gladiator’, ‘Jesus of Nazareth’ or ‘Kingdom of Heaven’ were filmed here, in which the local population provided authentic extras and extras. The most interesting landscape and natural areas are now protected by national parks that are well worth seeing. The following nature experiences in particular should be planned for adventure trips to Morocco:
- Jebel Toubkal: The highest mountain in North Africa at 4168 m offers an exciting ascent and an even more breathtaking view. Around Imlil at the foot of the mountain you are prepared for tourists and travelers.
- Waterfalls of Ouzoud: In the Moroccan steppe, at the foot of the Middle Atlas Mountains, the Oued Ouzoud river thunders over three levels about 100 m below the depth. A breathtaking natural spectacle that should not be missed on any trip through Morocco.
- Erg Chebbi & Erg Chegaga: The sand dune areas formed by the wind both offer very impressive dune landscapes. The dune ridges of these travel areas, which are approximately the same height, can be reached with a different amount of effort. While Erg Chebbi is very easily accessible via asphalt roads and is surrounded by three villages with over 80 tourist accommodations, the uninhabited Erg Chegaga, on the other hand, can only be reached by off-road vehicles on a 54 km long, difficult sandy track, which is why this remote area is one of the preferred destinations on our adventure trips counts.
Holidays with a fixed date in Morocco
The date of the Islamic holidays is based on the Islamic lunar calendar and therefore shifts from year to year
January 1, New Year,
January 11, Manifesto of Independence
May 1, Labor Day
, July 30, National holiday
, August 14, Integration Day of Western Sahara
Aug 20th Revolution Day
Oct 15th Youth Day
Nov 06th Anniversary of the Peace
March Nov 18th Independence Day
Medical information for Morocco
For legal reasons, we as a tour operator are not allowed to communicate any binding medical information for Morocco as a travel destination and therefore refer to the information provided by the Foreign Office of the Federal Republic of Germany, the Robert Koch Institute and the German Society for Tropical Medicine and International Health
Travel advice for Morocco
You can obtain the latest travel and safety advice, information on entering and leaving the country, as well as special criminal information and recommendations for your stay in Morocco from the Federal Foreign Office of the Federal Republic of Germany.
Foreign mission in Morocco
Embassy of the Federal Republic of Germany in Rabat (There is an honorary consulate on Djerba)
District / Consular District: Kingdom of Morocco.
Street address: 7, Zankat Madnine, Rabat
Postal address: Ambassade de la République fédérale d’Allemagne, BP 235, 10001 Rabat, Morocco
Telephone: +212 537 21 86 00
Fax: +212 537 70 68 51
E-mail: Contact form
Official languages in the host country: French and Arabic
Embassy of the Kingdom of Morocco in Berlin
(There are other honorary consulates in Bremen, Düsseldorf, Kassel, Frankfurt am Main and Tutzing near Munich)
Street address: Niederwallstraße 39
Postal address: Niederwallstraße 39, 10117 Berlin
Telephone: 030 20 61 24 0
Fax: 030 20 612 420
E-Mail: [email protected]