In connection with the HIPC debt initiative, the PRSPs (Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers) were introduced in order to achieve long-term and sustainable poverty reduction in the poorest countries. This program is carried out in close cooperation with the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the World Bank and other international donors. Civil society structures such as grassroots organizations, trade unions, small farmers, etc. were involved in drawing up the PRSP. The international donors continue to have a strong influence on the country’s development and also on the PRSP process.
According to naturegnosis, Niger is now in the 3rd phase of the PRSP, which started in 2013 and ended in 2017. The new PDES economic and social plan for 2012 to 2016 entered the 2nd phase from 2017 to 2021. A new phase of the PRSP is being worked on with the CGIAR.
Various programs aimed at combating poverty have been adopted in Niger. The VENRO (Association for Development Policy of German Non-Governmental Organizations) rates the commitment of the Nigerien government as positive. At the same time, however, civil society forces should definitely be more involved; most of the Nigerien non-governmental organizations have made poverty reduction their goal.
The state of Niger is one of the five members (Mauritania, Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger, Chad) in the G5 community, which, in addition to strengthening security, primarily promote poverty reduction, agriculture and infrastructure and thus other regional communities such as ECOWAS and Support CILSS. For example, the African Development Bank will work in the agricultural sector as part of the G5.
Many countries and organizations are involved in the fight against poverty; these are multilateral and bilateral programs and projects, NGOs and scientific institutes. As a foreign partner, the World Bank is particularly important with its country strategy and projects. Care has been working in Niger for a long time; In the last few years the cooperation with the nomads has been intensified; In addition to crisis support, projects that prevent young girls from marrying children are currently being promoted. The United Nations Development Program (PNUD) also works in the field of food security. Various agreements exist with the EU to promote development. On the one hand for the Program d’Appui au Système Statistique national et à l’Etat Civil (PASTAGEP), on the other hand the Program d’Appui à la Justice et à l’Etat de Droit II (PAJED-2) and finally the program d ‘Appui à la Société Civile au Niger II (PASOC-2).
With the ” Alliance for the Sahel “, Germany, France and the EU want to support the Sahel region in development cooperation.
Other important partners of the bilateral development cooperation Niger are besides Germany:
- European Union (food security, resource protection, conflict prevention, strengthening civil society) with FED
- Switzerland (pastoralism) with Cooperation Suisse
- Netherlands (strengthening civil society) with SNV
- Denmark (rural development) with DANIDA
- Belgium (irrigation) BDA
- NGO Grain de Sable
- France (structural adjustment, health, internal security, small loans) with the AFD
- United States
German development cooperation
The support of the Niger on the part of the Federal Republic of Germany (third largest bilateral partner after France and the USA) encompasses various fields of work with a particular focus
- Decentralization and good governance (state and civil society)
- Productive agriculture and food security
The following areas are also funded:
- basic education
- Health (population policy)
- Goods and program help
- Water and sewage / waste disposal
- multisectoral support
- Infrastructure / social services
- Humanitarian aid
In the former LUCOP (Lutte contre la pauverté) program, these components have been implemented in the state program since January 2004 by the former GTZ (Society for Technical Cooperation) in collaboration with the Reconstruction Loan Corporation (KfW) and the former DED Niger. Over 40 specialists, mainly from the German Development Service, were involved in German-Nigerien development cooperation.
The individual components will be continued under various projects of the Society for International Cooperation (GIZ) in cooperation with the Reconstruction Loan Corporation (KfW). The main axes are Tahoua / Agadez and Tillaberi. Due to the security situation, the main focus of work is currently in the Tillaberi region. The program, which ran until 2015, is integrated in its strategic direction into the poverty reduction strategy adopted by the Nigerien government in 2002 and into the strategy for rural development, because studies within the scope of the PRSP have shown that the proportion of poor people in rural areas 86 % is.
GIZ, as ” unified development cooperation”, works in the areas of rural development (food security, small-scale irrigation farming; prevention of food crises); Sustainable infrastructure (support for the Niger Basin Authority ABN; security, reconstruction, peace (strengthening of national police structures; food security; support for the border program of the AU; conflict resolution in cross-border pasture management); social development (basic education); state and democracy (advice to the planning ministry;Decentralization and good governance); Economy and employment (improvement of the employment and income situation).
As part of the EU migration partnerships, GIZ supports advice on migration policy; Supporting municipalities and regions in coping with the effects of migration. The Agadez region has been particularly hard hit in connection with the migration movements to Europe, so that a large part of the support flows into that region.
Welthungerhilfe and EIRENE, for example, are active in Niger as German non-governmental organizations. The German political Konrad-Adenauer Foundation has an office in Cotonou and regularly publishes several studies on the understanding of democracy in Niger.